Advanced search
1 file | 556.93 KB Add to list

Looking at the eyes of happiness: positive emotions mediate the influence of life satisfaction on attention to happy faces

Author
Organization
Abstract
Despite significant advancements in the research of subjective well-being (SWB), little is known about its connection with basic cognitive processes. The present study explores the association between selective attention to emotional stimuli (i.e. emotional faces) and both the emotional and cognitive components of SWB (i.e. emotional well-being and satisfaction in life, respectively). Participants (N = 83) were asked to freely watch a series of 84 pairs of emotional (happy, angry, or sad) and neutral faces from the Karolinska Directed Emotional Faces database. Eye-tracking methodology measured first fixations, number of fixations, and the time spent looking at emotional faces. Results showed that both the emotional and cognitive components of SWB were related to a general bias to attend to happy faces and avoid sad faces. Yet, bootstrapping analyses showed that positive emotions, rather than life satisfaction, were responsible for the positive information-processing bias. We discuss the potential functionality of these biases and their implications for research on positive emotions.
Keywords
life satisfaction, positive mood, attention, subjective well-being, eye tracking, cognition, cognitive bias, selective attention, positive emotions, COGNITIVE BIAS MODIFICATION, DOT-PROBE TASK, SELECTIVE ATTENTION, FACIAL EXPRESSIONS, VISUAL-ATTENTION, AFFECT INCREASES, TIME-COURSE, INFORMATION, DEPRESSION, DISORDERS

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 556.93 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Sanchez Lopez, Alvaro, and C Vazquez. “Looking at the Eyes of Happiness: Positive Emotions Mediate the Influence of Life Satisfaction on Attention to Happy Faces.” JOURNAL OF POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY 9.5 (2014): 435–448. Print.
APA
Sanchez Lopez, A., & Vazquez, C. (2014). Looking at the eyes of happiness: positive emotions mediate the influence of life satisfaction on attention to happy faces. JOURNAL OF POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY, 9(5), 435–448.
Chicago author-date
Sanchez Lopez, Alvaro, and C Vazquez. 2014. “Looking at the Eyes of Happiness: Positive Emotions Mediate the Influence of Life Satisfaction on Attention to Happy Faces.” Journal of Positive Psychology 9 (5): 435–448.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Sanchez Lopez, Alvaro, and C Vazquez. 2014. “Looking at the Eyes of Happiness: Positive Emotions Mediate the Influence of Life Satisfaction on Attention to Happy Faces.” Journal of Positive Psychology 9 (5): 435–448.
Vancouver
1.
Sanchez Lopez A, Vazquez C. Looking at the eyes of happiness: positive emotions mediate the influence of life satisfaction on attention to happy faces. JOURNAL OF POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY. ABINGDON: ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD; 2014;9(5):435–48.
IEEE
[1]
A. Sanchez Lopez and C. Vazquez, “Looking at the eyes of happiness: positive emotions mediate the influence of life satisfaction on attention to happy faces,” JOURNAL OF POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 435–448, 2014.
@article{8163297,
  abstract     = {Despite significant advancements in the research of subjective well-being (SWB), little is known about its connection with basic cognitive processes. The present study explores the association between selective attention to emotional stimuli (i.e. emotional faces) and both the emotional and cognitive components of SWB (i.e. emotional well-being and satisfaction in life, respectively). Participants (N = 83) were asked to freely watch a series of 84 pairs of emotional (happy, angry, or sad) and neutral faces from the Karolinska Directed Emotional Faces database. Eye-tracking methodology measured first fixations, number of fixations, and the time spent looking at emotional faces. Results showed that both the emotional and cognitive components of SWB were related to a general bias to attend to happy faces and avoid sad faces. Yet, bootstrapping analyses showed that positive emotions, rather than life satisfaction, were responsible for the positive information-processing bias. We discuss the potential functionality of these biases and their implications for research on positive emotions.},
  author       = {Sanchez Lopez, Alvaro and Vazquez, C},
  issn         = {1743-9760},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY},
  keywords     = {life satisfaction,positive mood,attention,subjective well-being,eye tracking,cognition,cognitive bias,selective attention,positive emotions,COGNITIVE BIAS MODIFICATION,DOT-PROBE TASK,SELECTIVE ATTENTION,FACIAL EXPRESSIONS,VISUAL-ATTENTION,AFFECT INCREASES,TIME-COURSE,INFORMATION,DEPRESSION,DISORDERS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {435--448},
  publisher    = {ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD},
  title        = {Looking at the eyes of happiness: positive emotions mediate the influence of life satisfaction on attention to happy faces},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17439760.2014.910827},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2014},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: