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Feeding Bacillus subtilis C-3102 to sows and suckling piglets and to weaned piglets improves parameters of gut health and feed : gain ratio in weaners

Joris Michiels (UGent) , Sam Possemiers (UGent) , Jeroen Degroote (UGent) , Anneke Ovyn (UGent) , Stefaan De Smet (UGent) and N Nakamura
(2016) JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE. 94(suppl. 3). p.135-137
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Abstract
The effect of feeding Bacillus subtilis C-3102 (Calsporin) to sows and piglets on performance and gut health of weaned piglets was studied. The experiment contained 4 treatments. First, 8 of 16 sows were supplemented with 3 x 10(5) cfu B. subtilis C-3102/g feed during gestation and lactation whereas the other 8 sows were not supplemented. The probiotic was also included in the creep feed of the suckling offspring of the supplemented sows at an equal dose. Furthermore, at weaning (19-20 d of age), each of the 2 experimental groups were split up into 2 subgroups to yield 4 treatments. Therefore, 5 piglets of each sow were fed a control diet voided of probiotics and 5 littermates were offered the control diet supplemented with 3 x 10(5) cfu B. subtilis C-3102/g feed until 42 d after weaning (8 pen replicates with 5 piglets each). Piglets were sampled at d 0, 5, 13, and 42 after weaning. Supplementation of the probiotic to sows and suckling piglets resulted in higher short-chain fatty acid production in the distal small intestine and mid colon at weaning but not at d 5 and 13 after weaning, whereas villus atrophy in the small intestine and crypt deepening in the proximal small intestine was lower. Postweaning supplementation improved the feed:gain ratio for the total period (1.39 vs. 1.45; P = 0.031) and resulted in a trend for lower mRNA of IL-1 alpha (P = 0.091), higher lactobacillus counts (P = 0.074), and a significantly lower number of crypt goblet cells in distal small intestine mucosa in the early postweaning period. In addition, B. subtilis C-3102 was detected only in colonic contents or feces of piglets from the supplemented groups. Only 1 significant interaction between pre- and postweaning supplementation was found throughout the study. To conclude, preweaning supplementation positively affected some gut health parameters and postweaning supplementation improved the feed:gain ratio.
Keywords
Bacillus subtilis C-3102, gut health, feed:gain ratio, probiotic, weaned piglets

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Chicago
Michiels, Joris, Sam Possemiers, Jeroen Degroote, Anneke Ovyn, Stefaan De Smet, and N Nakamura. 2016. “Feeding Bacillus Subtilis C-3102 to Sows and Suckling Piglets and to Weaned Piglets Improves Parameters of Gut Health and Feed : Gain Ratio in Weaners.” Journal of Animal Science 94 (suppl. 3): 135–137.
APA
Michiels, J., Possemiers, S., Degroote, J., Ovyn, A., De Smet, S., & Nakamura, N. (2016). Feeding Bacillus subtilis C-3102 to sows and suckling piglets and to weaned piglets improves parameters of gut health and feed : gain ratio in weaners. JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE, 94(suppl. 3), 135–137.
Vancouver
1.
Michiels J, Possemiers S, Degroote J, Ovyn A, De Smet S, Nakamura N. Feeding Bacillus subtilis C-3102 to sows and suckling piglets and to weaned piglets improves parameters of gut health and feed : gain ratio in weaners. JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE. 2016;94(suppl. 3):135–7.
MLA
Michiels, Joris, Sam Possemiers, Jeroen Degroote, et al. “Feeding Bacillus Subtilis C-3102 to Sows and Suckling Piglets and to Weaned Piglets Improves Parameters of Gut Health and Feed : Gain Ratio in Weaners.” JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE 94.suppl. 3 (2016): 135–137. Print.
@article{8158399,
  abstract     = {The effect of feeding Bacillus subtilis C-3102 (Calsporin) to sows and piglets on performance and gut health of weaned piglets was studied. The experiment contained 4 treatments. First, 8 of 16 sows were supplemented with 3 x 10(5) cfu B. subtilis C-3102/g feed during gestation and lactation whereas the other 8 sows were not supplemented. The probiotic was also included in the creep feed of the suckling offspring of the supplemented sows at an equal dose. Furthermore, at weaning (19-20 d of age), each of the 2 experimental groups were split up into 2 subgroups to yield 4 treatments. Therefore, 5 piglets of each sow were fed a control diet voided of probiotics and 5 littermates were offered the control diet supplemented with 3 x 10(5) cfu B. subtilis C-3102/g feed until 42 d after weaning (8 pen replicates with 5 piglets each). Piglets were sampled at d 0, 5, 13, and 42 after weaning. Supplementation of the probiotic to sows and suckling piglets resulted in higher short-chain fatty acid production in the distal small intestine and mid colon at weaning but not at d 5 and 13 after weaning, whereas villus atrophy in the small intestine and crypt deepening in the proximal small intestine was lower. Postweaning supplementation improved the feed:gain ratio for the total period (1.39 vs. 1.45; P = 0.031) and resulted in a trend for lower mRNA of IL-1 alpha (P = 0.091), higher lactobacillus counts (P = 0.074), and a significantly lower number of crypt goblet cells in distal small intestine mucosa in the early postweaning period. In addition, B. subtilis C-3102 was detected only in colonic contents or feces of piglets from the supplemented groups. Only 1 significant interaction between pre- and postweaning supplementation was found throughout the study. To conclude, preweaning supplementation positively affected some gut health parameters and postweaning supplementation improved the feed:gain ratio.},
  author       = {Michiels, Joris and Possemiers, Sam and Degroote, Jeroen and Ovyn, Anneke and De Smet, Stefaan and Nakamura, N},
  issn         = {0021-8812},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {suppl. 3},
  pages        = {135--137},
  title        = {Feeding Bacillus subtilis C-3102 to sows and suckling piglets and to weaned piglets improves parameters of gut health and feed : gain ratio in weaners},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2527/jas2015-9763},
  volume       = {94},
  year         = {2016},
}

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