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Cutting the cost of carbon capture: a case for carbon capture and utilization

(2016) FARADAY DISCUSSIONS. 192. p.391-414
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Abstract
A significant part of the cost for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is related to the compression of the captured CO2 to its supercritical state, at 150 bar and typically 99% purity. These stringent conditions may however not always be necessary for specific cases of Carbon Capture and Utilization (CCU). In this manuscript, we investigate how much the parasitic energy of an adsorbent-based carbon capture process may be lowered by utilizing CO2 at 1 bar and adapting the final purity requirement for CO2 from 99% to 70% or 50%. We compare different CO2 sources: the flue gases of coal-fired or natural gas-fired power plants and ambient air. We evaluate the carbon capture performance of over 60 nanoporous materials and determine the influence of the initial and final purity on the parasitic energy of the carbon capture process. Moreover, we demonstrate the underlying principles of the parasitic energy minimization in more detail using the commercially available NaX zeolite. Finally, the calculated utilization cost of CO2 is compared with reported prices for CO2 and published costs for CCS.
Keywords
DIOXIDE CAPTURE, PRESSURE-SWING ADSORPTION, DIRECT AIR CAPTURE, ZEOLITIC IMIDAZOLATE FRAMEWORKS, POROUS POLYMER NETWORKS, METAL-ORGANIC FRAMEWORKS, CO2 CAPTURE, GAS-ADSORPTION, CU-BTC, MOLECULAR SIMULATION

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Citation

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MLA
Joos, Lennart et al. “Cutting the Cost of Carbon Capture: a Case for Carbon Capture and Utilization.” FARADAY DISCUSSIONS 192 (2016): 391–414. Print.
APA
Joos, L., Huck, J., Van Speybroeck, V., & Smit, B. (2016). Cutting the cost of carbon capture: a case for carbon capture and utilization. FARADAY DISCUSSIONS, 192, 391–414.
Chicago author-date
Joos, Lennart, JM Huck, Veronique Van Speybroeck, and B Smit. 2016. “Cutting the Cost of Carbon Capture: a Case for Carbon Capture and Utilization.” Faraday Discussions 192: 391–414.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Joos, Lennart, JM Huck, Veronique Van Speybroeck, and B Smit. 2016. “Cutting the Cost of Carbon Capture: a Case for Carbon Capture and Utilization.” Faraday Discussions 192: 391–414.
Vancouver
1.
Joos L, Huck J, Van Speybroeck V, Smit B. Cutting the cost of carbon capture: a case for carbon capture and utilization. FARADAY DISCUSSIONS. CAMBRIDGE: ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY; 2016;192:391–414.
IEEE
[1]
L. Joos, J. Huck, V. Van Speybroeck, and B. Smit, “Cutting the cost of carbon capture: a case for carbon capture and utilization,” FARADAY DISCUSSIONS, vol. 192, pp. 391–414, 2016.
@article{8157857,
  abstract     = {A significant part of the cost for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is related to the compression of the captured CO2 to its supercritical state, at 150 bar and typically 99% purity. These stringent conditions may however not always be necessary for specific cases of Carbon Capture and Utilization (CCU). In this manuscript, we investigate how much the parasitic energy of an adsorbent-based carbon capture process may be lowered by utilizing CO2 at 1 bar and adapting the final purity requirement for CO2 from 99% to 70% or 50%. We compare different CO2 sources: the flue gases of coal-fired or natural gas-fired power plants and ambient air. We evaluate the carbon capture performance of over 60 nanoporous materials and determine the influence of the initial and final purity on the parasitic energy of the carbon capture process. Moreover, we demonstrate the underlying principles of the parasitic energy minimization in more detail using the commercially available NaX zeolite. Finally, the calculated utilization cost of CO2 is compared with reported prices for CO2 and published costs for CCS.},
  author       = {Joos, Lennart and Huck, JM and Van Speybroeck, Veronique and Smit, B},
  issn         = {1359-6640},
  journal      = {FARADAY DISCUSSIONS},
  keywords     = {DIOXIDE CAPTURE,PRESSURE-SWING ADSORPTION,DIRECT AIR CAPTURE,ZEOLITIC IMIDAZOLATE FRAMEWORKS,POROUS POLYMER NETWORKS,METAL-ORGANIC FRAMEWORKS,CO2 CAPTURE,GAS-ADSORPTION,CU-BTC,MOLECULAR SIMULATION},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {391--414},
  publisher    = {ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY},
  title        = {Cutting the cost of carbon capture: a case for carbon capture and utilization},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c6fd00031b},
  volume       = {192},
  year         = {2016},
}

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