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The unique relation of childhood emotional maltreatmentwith mental health problems among detained male andfemale adolescents

(2016) CHILD ABUSE & NEGLECT. 62. p.142-150
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Abstract
Mounting evidence indicates that emotional maltreatment is at least as harmful as physicaland sexual abuse. Notwithstanding their high occurrence among detained adolescents, thelink between emotional maltreatment and mental health problems in these youths is notwell researched. This study, therefore, was designed to examine the unique link betweenemotional maltreatment and mental health problems, with particular attention to genderdifferences. Well validated self-report measures of maltreatment experiences (ChildhoodTrauma Questionnaire) and mental health problems (Youth Self Report) were completedby 341 detained adolescents (156 boys, 185 girls) aged 12 to 18 years. As expected, girlsreported higher levels of maltreatment experiences and internalizing and externalizingmental health problems than boys. Blockwise multiple linear regression analyses indicatedthat in both genders emotional abuse was uniquely and positively associated with inter-nalizing and externalizing mental health problems, over and above the influence of othertypes of maltreatment. Furthermore, sexual abuse was uniquely related with internalizingproblems in girls only, whereas only in boys this type of abuse was uniquely related withexternalizing problems. Detained adolescents who have been the victim of emotional abusein combination with another type of maltreatment may be the worst subgroup in terms ofmental health problems. Therefore, emotional maltreatment experiences in adolescentswho offend should receive more research and clinical attention.
Keywords
Incarcerated Abuse Neglect Internalizing Externalizing

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Chicago
Vahl, Pauline, Lore Van Damme, Theo Doreleijers, Robert Vermeiren, and Olivier Colins. 2016. “The Unique Relation of Childhood Emotional Maltreatmentwith Mental Health Problems Among Detained Male Andfemale Adolescents.” Child Abuse & Neglect 62: 142–150.
APA
Vahl, P., Van Damme, L., Doreleijers, T., Vermeiren, R., & Colins, O. (2016). The unique relation of childhood emotional maltreatmentwith mental health problems among detained male andfemale adolescents. CHILD ABUSE & NEGLECT, 62, 142–150.
Vancouver
1.
Vahl P, Van Damme L, Doreleijers T, Vermeiren R, Colins O. The unique relation of childhood emotional maltreatmentwith mental health problems among detained male andfemale adolescents. CHILD ABUSE & NEGLECT. 2016;62:142–50.
MLA
Vahl, Pauline, Lore Van Damme, Theo Doreleijers, et al. “The Unique Relation of Childhood Emotional Maltreatmentwith Mental Health Problems Among Detained Male Andfemale Adolescents.” CHILD ABUSE & NEGLECT 62 (2016): 142–150. Print.
@article{8151333,
  abstract     = {Mounting evidence indicates that emotional maltreatment is at least as harmful as physicaland sexual abuse. Notwithstanding their high occurrence among detained adolescents, thelink between emotional maltreatment and mental health problems in these youths is notwell researched. This study, therefore, was designed to examine the unique link betweenemotional maltreatment and mental health problems, with particular attention to genderdifferences. Well validated self-report measures of maltreatment experiences (ChildhoodTrauma Questionnaire) and mental health problems (Youth Self Report) were completedby 341 detained adolescents (156 boys, 185 girls) aged 12 to 18 years. As expected, girlsreported higher levels of maltreatment experiences and internalizing and externalizingmental health problems than boys. Blockwise multiple linear regression analyses indicatedthat in both genders emotional abuse was uniquely and positively associated with inter-nalizing and externalizing mental health problems, over and above the influence of othertypes of maltreatment. Furthermore, sexual abuse was uniquely related with internalizingproblems in girls only, whereas only in boys this type of abuse was uniquely related withexternalizing problems. Detained adolescents who have been the victim of emotional abusein combination with another type of maltreatment may be the worst subgroup in terms ofmental health problems. Therefore, emotional maltreatment experiences in adolescentswho offend should receive more research and clinical attention.},
  author       = {Vahl, Pauline and Van Damme, Lore and Doreleijers, Theo and Vermeiren, Robert and Colins, Olivier},
  issn         = {0145-2134},
  journal      = {CHILD ABUSE \& NEGLECT},
  keyword      = {Incarcerated Abuse Neglect Internalizing Externalizing},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {142--150},
  title        = {The unique relation of childhood emotional maltreatmentwith mental health problems among detained male andfemale adolescents},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2016.10.008},
  volume       = {62},
  year         = {2016},
}

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