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Geriatric pharmacotherapy : optimisation through integrated approach in the hospital setting

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Abstract
Since older patients are more vulnerable to adverse drug-related events, there is a need to ensure appropriate prescribing in these patients in order to prevent misuse, overuse and underuse of drugs. Different tools and strategies have been developed to reduce inappropriate prescribing; the available measures can be divided into medication assessment tools, and specific interventions to reduce inappropriate prescribing. Implicit criteria of inappropriate prescribing focus on appropriate dosing, search for drug-drug interactions, and increase adherence. Explicit criteria are consensus-based standards focusing on drugs and diseases and include lists of drugs to avoid in general or lists combining drugs with clinical data. These criteria take into consideration differences between patients, and stand for a medication review, by using a systematic approach. Different types of interventions exist in order to reduce inappropriate prescribing in older patients, such as: educational interventions, computerized decision support systems, pharmacist-based interventions, and geriatric assessment. The effects of these interventions have been studied, sometimes in a multifaceted approach combining different techniques, and all types seem to have positive effects on appropriateness of prescribing. Interdisciplinary teamwork within the integrative pharmaceutical care is important for improving of outcomes and safety of drug therapy. The pharmaceutical care process consists offour steps, which are cyclic for an individual patient. These steps are pharmaceutical anamnesis, medication review, design and follow-up of a pharmaceutical care plan. A standardized approach is necessary for the adequate detection and evaluation of drug-related problems. Furthermore, it is clear that drug therapy should be reviewed in-depth, by having full access to medical records, laboratory values and nursing notes. Although clinical pharmacists perform the pharmaceutical care process to manage the patient’s drug therapy in every day clinical practice, the physician takes the ultimate responsibility for the care of the patient in close collaboration with nurses.
Keywords
optimization, geriatric pharmacotherapy, integrated approach

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MLA
Petrovic, Mirko, Annemie Somers, and Graziano Onder. “Geriatric Pharmacotherapy : Optimisation Through Integrated Approach in the Hospital Setting.” Developing Drug Products in an Aging Society : from Concept to Prescribing. Ed. Sven Stegemann. Vol. 24. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2016. 683–697. Print.
APA
Petrovic, M., Somers, A., & Onder, G. (2016). Geriatric pharmacotherapy : optimisation through integrated approach in the hospital setting. In S. Stegemann (Ed.), Developing drug products in an aging society : from concept to prescribing (Vol. 24, pp. 683–697). Cham, Switzerland: Springer.
Chicago author-date
Petrovic, Mirko, Annemie Somers, and Graziano Onder. 2016. “Geriatric Pharmacotherapy : Optimisation Through Integrated Approach in the Hospital Setting.” In Developing Drug Products in an Aging Society : from Concept to Prescribing, ed. Sven Stegemann, 24:683–697. Cham, Switzerland: Springer.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Petrovic, Mirko, Annemie Somers, and Graziano Onder. 2016. “Geriatric Pharmacotherapy : Optimisation Through Integrated Approach in the Hospital Setting.” In Developing Drug Products in an Aging Society : from Concept to Prescribing, ed. Sven Stegemann, 24:683–697. Cham, Switzerland: Springer.
Vancouver
1.
Petrovic M, Somers A, Onder G. Geriatric pharmacotherapy : optimisation through integrated approach in the hospital setting. In: Stegemann S, editor. Developing drug products in an aging society : from concept to prescribing. Cham, Switzerland: Springer; 2016. p. 683–97.
IEEE
[1]
M. Petrovic, A. Somers, and G. Onder, “Geriatric pharmacotherapy : optimisation through integrated approach in the hospital setting,” in Developing drug products in an aging society : from concept to prescribing, vol. 24, S. Stegemann, Ed. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2016, pp. 683–697.
@incollection{8136260,
  abstract     = {Since older patients are more vulnerable to adverse drug-related events, there is a need to ensure appropriate prescribing in these patients in order to prevent misuse, overuse and underuse of drugs. Different tools and strategies have been developed to reduce inappropriate prescribing; the available measures can be divided into medication assessment tools, and specific interventions to reduce inappropriate prescribing. Implicit criteria of inappropriate prescribing focus on appropriate dosing, search for drug-drug interactions, and increase adherence. Explicit criteria are consensus-based standards focusing on drugs and diseases and include lists of drugs to avoid in general or lists combining drugs with clinical data. These criteria take into consideration differences between patients, and stand for a medication review, by using a systematic approach. Different types of interventions exist in order to reduce inappropriate prescribing in older patients, such as: educational interventions, computerized decision support systems, pharmacist-based interventions, and geriatric assessment. The effects of these interventions have been studied, sometimes in a multifaceted approach combining different techniques, and all types seem to have positive effects on appropriateness of prescribing. Interdisciplinary teamwork within the integrative pharmaceutical care is important for improving of outcomes and safety of drug therapy. The pharmaceutical care process consists offour steps, which are cyclic for an individual patient. These steps are pharmaceutical anamnesis, medication review, design and follow-up of a pharmaceutical care plan. A standardized approach is necessary for the adequate detection and evaluation of drug-related problems. Furthermore, it is clear that drug therapy should be reviewed in-depth, by having full access to medical records, laboratory values and nursing notes. Although clinical pharmacists perform the pharmaceutical care process to manage the patient’s drug therapy in every day clinical practice, the physician takes the ultimate responsibility for the care of the patient in close collaboration with nurses.},
  author       = {Petrovic, Mirko and Somers, Annemie and Onder, Graziano},
  booktitle    = {Developing drug products in an aging society : from concept to prescribing},
  editor       = {Stegemann, Sven},
  isbn         = {9783319430997},
  issn         = {2210-7371},
  keywords     = {optimization,geriatric pharmacotherapy,integrated approach},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {683--697},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {AAPS Advances in the Pharmaceutical Sciences Series},
  title        = {Geriatric pharmacotherapy : optimisation through integrated approach in the hospital setting},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-43099-7_33},
  volume       = {24},
  year         = {2016},
}

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