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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and sudden cardiac death: a systematic review

Marten E van den Berg, Bruno H Stricker, Guy Brusselle UGent and Lies Lahousse UGent (2016) TRENDS IN CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE. 26(7). p.606-613
abstract
Both chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and sudden cardiac death (SCD) are major health burdens. A number of studies have addressed their interrelationship, but currently no systematic review has been published. Our objective is to give an overview of the literature of the association between COPD and SCD. A search on PubMed with both MeSH headings and free-text keywords was performed. We selected all original articles of studies in humans that assessed COPD on the one hand and SCD, electrocardiographic markers for SCD, ventricular arrhythmias, or asystole on the other. The electronic search yielded 251 articles, from which 27 full publications were selected after careful evaluation of the full-text articles. In these studies, COPD was associated with a prolonged and shortened QT interval. In patients with a myocardial infarction (MI), COPD was associated with an increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias and decreased survival. COPD was a risk factor for SCD both in cardiovascular patient groups and in community-based studies, independent from cardiovascular risk profile. Studies of the potential impact of respiratory treatment on the occurrence of SCD showed conflicting results. In conclusion, cumulating evidence associates COPD with an increased risk of SCD. Asystole and pulseless electric activity could be more common than VT/VF in deaths associated with COPD. Underlying mechanisms explaining this association require further investigation.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (review)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
PREVALENCE, MORTALITY, COPD, RESPIRATORY-FAILURE, QT DISPERSION, VENTRICULAR-ARRHYTHMIAS, HEART-RATE-VARIABILITY, ACUTE MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION, Cardiac arrest, COPD, Ventricular arrhythmia, Sudden cardiac death, PREDICTORS, INTERVAL
journal title
TRENDS IN CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE
Trends Cardiovasc. Med.
volume
26
issue
7
pages
606 - 613
Web of Science type
Review
Web of Science id
000384872700005
JCR category
CARDIAC & CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEMS
JCR impact factor
4.964 (2016)
JCR rank
25/126 (2016)
JCR quartile
1 (2016)
ISSN
1050-1738
DOI
10.1016/j.tcm.2016.04.001
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0)
id
8133685
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8133685
date created
2016-11-07 10:43:01
date last changed
2017-05-04 13:17:14
@article{8133685,
  abstract     = {Both chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and sudden cardiac death (SCD) are major health burdens. A number of studies have addressed their interrelationship, but currently no systematic review has been published. Our objective is to give an overview of the literature of the association between COPD and SCD. A search on PubMed with both MeSH headings and free-text keywords was performed. We selected all original articles of studies in humans that assessed COPD on the one hand and SCD, electrocardiographic markers for SCD, ventricular arrhythmias, or asystole on the other. The electronic search yielded 251 articles, from which 27 full publications were selected after careful evaluation of the full-text articles. In these studies, COPD was associated with a prolonged and shortened QT interval. In patients with a myocardial infarction (MI), COPD was associated with an increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias and decreased survival. COPD was a risk factor for SCD both in cardiovascular patient groups and in community-based studies, independent from cardiovascular risk profile. Studies of the potential impact of respiratory treatment on the occurrence of SCD showed conflicting results. In conclusion, cumulating evidence associates COPD with an increased risk of SCD. Asystole and pulseless electric activity could be more common than VT/VF in deaths associated with COPD. Underlying mechanisms explaining this association require further investigation.},
  author       = {van den Berg, Marten E and Stricker, Bruno H and Brusselle, Guy and Lahousse, Lies},
  issn         = {1050-1738},
  journal      = {TRENDS IN CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE},
  keyword      = {PREVALENCE,MORTALITY,COPD,RESPIRATORY-FAILURE,QT DISPERSION,VENTRICULAR-ARRHYTHMIAS,HEART-RATE-VARIABILITY,ACUTE MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION,Cardiac arrest,COPD,Ventricular arrhythmia,Sudden cardiac death,PREDICTORS,INTERVAL},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {606--613},
  title        = {Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and sudden cardiac death: a systematic review},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tcm.2016.04.001},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2016},
}

Chicago
van den Berg, Marten E, Bruno H Stricker, Guy Brusselle, and Lies Lahousse. 2016. “Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Sudden Cardiac Death: a Systematic Review.” Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine 26 (7): 606–613.
APA
van den Berg, M. E., Stricker, B. H., Brusselle, G., & Lahousse, L. (2016). Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and sudden cardiac death: a systematic review. TRENDS IN CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE, 26(7), 606–613.
Vancouver
1.
van den Berg ME, Stricker BH, Brusselle G, Lahousse L. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and sudden cardiac death: a systematic review. TRENDS IN CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE. 2016;26(7):606–13.
MLA
van den Berg, Marten E, Bruno H Stricker, Guy Brusselle, et al. “Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Sudden Cardiac Death: a Systematic Review.” TRENDS IN CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE 26.7 (2016): 606–613. Print.