Advanced search
1 file | 4.39 MB Add to list

Querns and mills during Roman times at the northern frontier of the Roman Empire (Belgium, northern France, southern Netherlands, western Germany) : unravelling geological and geographical provenances, a multidisciplinary research project

(2016) JOURNAL OF LITHIC STUDIES. 3(3). p.403-428
Author
Organization
Abstract
This paper presents the results of a multi-disciplinary provenance study of querns and millstones during the Roman period (1st-4th century CE) in the northern part of the Roman Empire (provinces of Gallia Belgica and Germania Inferior). Comparative petrographical, mineralogical and geochemical analysis allowed an international team of archaeologists and geologists to identify the different raw materials used for the manufacturing of querns and millstones. As a result, lithostratigraphic assignments as well as geological-geographical provenances are suggested or corroborated for the broad spectrum of these natural geo-materials. We give evidence for the exploitation of at least seven different rock types. They include sedimentary rocks (fine- to coarse-grained quartzitic and arkosic sandstones, conglomerates, limestones) and volcanic rocks (vesicular lavas) derived from different geological strata in the following geological-geographical settings: the volcanic Eifel area (Pleistocene lava), the Ardennes Massif (Palaeozoic sedimentary rocks) and the Paris and Northern Sea Basin (Cenozoic sedimentary rocks). Furthermore we show that a large diversity existed within different productions (different types of hand-mills and mechanical powered mills) and distribution patterns. This paper provides new data which will lead to fresh insights into the socio-economics of the local “Gallo-Roman” communities and into their networks within the northern Roman Empire.
Keywords
geoarchaeology, millstone, querns, Roman Empire, ground stone tools, Germania Inferior, provenance study, Gallia Belgica, GEOCHEMICAL DATA, TRADE

Downloads

  • published.pdf
    • full text (Published version)
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 4.39 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Reniere, Sibrecht, et al. “Querns and Mills during Roman Times at the Northern Frontier of the Roman Empire (Belgium, Northern France, Southern Netherlands, Western Germany) : Unravelling Geological and Geographical Provenances, a Multidisciplinary Research Project.” JOURNAL OF LITHIC STUDIES, edited by Danny Rosenberg et al., vol. 3, no. 3, School of History, Classics and Archaeology, University of Edinburgh, 2016, pp. 403–28, doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1640.
APA
Reniere, S., Dreesen, R., Fronteau, G., Gluhak, T., Goemaere, E., Hartoch, E., … De Clercq, W. (2016). Querns and mills during Roman times at the northern frontier of the Roman Empire (Belgium, northern France, southern Netherlands, western Germany) : unravelling geological and geographical provenances, a multidisciplinary research project. JOURNAL OF LITHIC STUDIES, 3(3), 403–428. https://doi.org/10.2218/jls.v3i3.1640
Chicago author-date
Reniere, Sibrecht, Roland Dreesen, Gilles Fronteau, Tatjana Gluhak, Eric Goemaere, Else Hartoch, Paul Picavet, and Wim De Clercq. 2016. “Querns and Mills during Roman Times at the Northern Frontier of the Roman Empire (Belgium, Northern France, Southern Netherlands, Western Germany) : Unravelling Geological and Geographical Provenances, a Multidisciplinary Research Project.” Edited by Danny Rosenberg, Yorke Rowan, and Tatjana Gluhak. JOURNAL OF LITHIC STUDIES 3 (3): 403–28. https://doi.org/10.2218/jls.v3i3.1640.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Reniere, Sibrecht, Roland Dreesen, Gilles Fronteau, Tatjana Gluhak, Eric Goemaere, Else Hartoch, Paul Picavet, and Wim De Clercq. 2016. “Querns and Mills during Roman Times at the Northern Frontier of the Roman Empire (Belgium, Northern France, Southern Netherlands, Western Germany) : Unravelling Geological and Geographical Provenances, a Multidisciplinary Research Project.” Ed by. Danny Rosenberg, Yorke Rowan, and Tatjana Gluhak. JOURNAL OF LITHIC STUDIES 3 (3): 403–428. doi:10.2218/jls.v3i3.1640.
Vancouver
1.
Reniere S, Dreesen R, Fronteau G, Gluhak T, Goemaere E, Hartoch E, et al. Querns and mills during Roman times at the northern frontier of the Roman Empire (Belgium, northern France, southern Netherlands, western Germany) : unravelling geological and geographical provenances, a multidisciplinary research project. Rosenberg D, Rowan Y, Gluhak T, editors. JOURNAL OF LITHIC STUDIES. 2016;3(3):403–28.
IEEE
[1]
S. Reniere et al., “Querns and mills during Roman times at the northern frontier of the Roman Empire (Belgium, northern France, southern Netherlands, western Germany) : unravelling geological and geographical provenances, a multidisciplinary research project,” JOURNAL OF LITHIC STUDIES, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 403–428, 2016.
@article{8115748,
  abstract     = {{This paper presents the results of a multi-disciplinary provenance study of querns and millstones during the Roman period (1st-4th century CE) in the northern part of the Roman Empire (provinces of Gallia Belgica and Germania Inferior). Comparative petrographical, mineralogical and geochemical analysis allowed an international team of archaeologists and geologists to identify the different raw materials used for the manufacturing of querns and millstones. As a result, lithostratigraphic assignments as well as geological-geographical provenances are suggested or corroborated for the broad spectrum of these natural geo-materials. We give evidence for the exploitation of at least seven different rock types. They include sedimentary rocks (fine- to coarse-grained quartzitic and arkosic sandstones, conglomerates, limestones) and volcanic rocks (vesicular lavas) derived from different geological strata in the following geological-geographical settings: the volcanic Eifel area (Pleistocene lava), the Ardennes Massif (Palaeozoic sedimentary rocks) and the Paris and Northern Sea Basin (Cenozoic sedimentary rocks). Furthermore we show that a large diversity existed within different productions (different types of hand-mills and mechanical powered mills) and distribution patterns. This paper provides new data which will lead to fresh insights into the socio-economics of the local “Gallo-Roman” communities and into their networks within the northern Roman Empire.}},
  articleno    = {{1640}},
  author       = {{Reniere, Sibrecht and Dreesen, Roland and Fronteau, Gilles and Gluhak, Tatjana and Goemaere, Eric and Hartoch, Else and Picavet, Paul and De Clercq, Wim}},
  editor       = {{Rosenberg, Danny and Rowan, Yorke and Gluhak, Tatjana}},
  issn         = {{2055-0472}},
  journal      = {{JOURNAL OF LITHIC STUDIES}},
  keywords     = {{geoarchaeology,millstone,querns,Roman Empire,ground stone tools,Germania Inferior,provenance study,Gallia Belgica,GEOCHEMICAL DATA,TRADE}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{3}},
  pages        = {{1640:403--1640:428}},
  publisher    = {{School of History, Classics and Archaeology, University of Edinburgh}},
  title        = {{Querns and mills during Roman times at the northern frontier of the Roman Empire (Belgium, northern France, southern Netherlands, western Germany) : unravelling geological and geographical provenances, a multidisciplinary research project}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.2218/jls.v3i3.1640}},
  volume       = {{3}},
  year         = {{2016}},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric