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Cross-lingual neighborhood effects in generalized lexical decision and natural reading

Nicolas Dirix (UGent) , Uschi Cop (UGent) , Denis Drieghe and Wouter Duyck (UGent)
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Abstract
The present study assessed intra- and cross-lingual neighborhood effects, using both a generalized lexical decision task and an analysis of a large-scale bilingual eye-tracking corpus (Cop, Dirix, Drieghe & Duyck, in press). Using new neighborhood density and frequency measures, the general lexical decision task yielded an inhibitory cross-lingual neighborhood density effect on reading times of second language words, replicating van Heuven, Dijkstra and Grainger (1998). Reaction times for native language words were not influenced by neighborhood density or frequency but error rates showed cross-lingual neighborhood effects depending on target word frequency. The large-scale eye movement corpus confirmed effects of cross-lingual neighborhood on natural reading, even though participants were reading a novel in a unilingual context. Especially second language reading and to a lesser extent native language reading were influenced by lexical candidates from the non-target language, although these effects in natural reading were largely facilitatory. These results offer strong and direct support for bilingual word recognition models that assume language-independent lexical access.
Keywords
Eye tracking, Reading, Neighborhood effects, Cross-Lingual Interactions, Bilingualism

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MLA
Dirix, Nicolas et al. “Cross-lingual Neighborhood Effects in Generalized Lexical Decision and Natural Reading.” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION 43.6 (2017): 887–915. Print.
APA
Dirix, N., Cop, U., Drieghe, D., & Duyck, W. (2017). Cross-lingual neighborhood effects in generalized lexical decision and natural reading. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION, 43(6), 887–915.
Chicago author-date
Dirix, Nicolas, Uschi Cop, Denis Drieghe, and Wouter Duyck. 2017. “Cross-lingual Neighborhood Effects in Generalized Lexical Decision and Natural Reading.” Journal of Experimental Psychology-learning Memory and Cognition 43 (6): 887–915.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Dirix, Nicolas, Uschi Cop, Denis Drieghe, and Wouter Duyck. 2017. “Cross-lingual Neighborhood Effects in Generalized Lexical Decision and Natural Reading.” Journal of Experimental Psychology-learning Memory and Cognition 43 (6): 887–915.
Vancouver
1.
Dirix N, Cop U, Drieghe D, Duyck W. Cross-lingual neighborhood effects in generalized lexical decision and natural reading. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION. 2017;43(6):887–915.
IEEE
[1]
N. Dirix, U. Cop, D. Drieghe, and W. Duyck, “Cross-lingual neighborhood effects in generalized lexical decision and natural reading,” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION, vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 887–915, 2017.
@article{8103732,
  abstract     = {The present study assessed intra- and cross-lingual neighborhood effects, using both a generalized lexical decision task and an analysis of a large-scale bilingual eye-tracking corpus (Cop, Dirix, Drieghe & Duyck, in press). Using new neighborhood density and frequency measures, the general lexical decision task yielded an inhibitory cross-lingual neighborhood density effect on reading times of second language words, replicating van Heuven, Dijkstra and Grainger (1998). Reaction times for native language words were not influenced by neighborhood density or frequency but error rates showed cross-lingual neighborhood effects depending on target word frequency.
The large-scale eye movement corpus confirmed effects of cross-lingual neighborhood on natural reading, even though participants were reading a novel in a unilingual context. Especially second language reading and to a lesser extent native language reading were influenced by lexical candidates from the non-target language, although these effects in natural reading were largely facilitatory.
These results offer strong and direct support for bilingual word recognition models that assume language-independent lexical access.},
  author       = {Dirix, Nicolas and Cop, Uschi and Drieghe, Denis and Duyck, Wouter},
  issn         = {0278-7393},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION},
  keywords     = {Eye tracking,Reading,Neighborhood effects,Cross-Lingual Interactions,Bilingualism},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {887--915},
  title        = {Cross-lingual neighborhood effects in generalized lexical decision and natural reading},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000352},
  volume       = {43},
  year         = {2017},
}

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