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Why network structure and coordination matter : a social network analysis of sport for disadvantaged people

Lies Dobbels (UGent) , Joris Voets (UGent) , Mathieu Marlier (UGent) , Els De Waegeneer (UGent) and Annick Willem (UGent)
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Abstract
Although local governments attempt to promote sports among all layers of society, people with a lower socio-economic status are still under-represented in grassroots sports. Previous studies indicate that inter-sectoral networks and joint efforts can contribute to an increase in sport participation among these groups, but a systematic analysis of the structure, coordination and interactions in the networks is still missing. Insight into networks to promote sport for disadvantaged people may help in designing effective networks. Therefore, we conducted a social network analysis to explore the network structure and characteristics of networks that promote sport participation among disadvantaged people in three Flemish cities. Our results show that the networks needed to be coordinated by a sport administrator, in the initial stage. Once the network is up and running, coordination can be shared so that the sport administration can rely on the experiences of other sectors. More sport initiatives and a better network structure were found in the cities with a community sport development program, through which the sport-for-all policy is implemented and coordinated, compared to a city without such a program.
Keywords
disadvantaged communities, network theory, social network analysis, sport-for-all, sport participation, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, COLLABORATIVE NETWORKS, PUBLIC MANAGEMENT, HEALTH-PROMOTION, PARTICIPATION, PARTNERSHIPS, COMMUNITIES, POLICY, PERSPECTIVE, CENTRALITY

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MLA
Dobbels, Lies et al. “Why Network Structure and Coordination Matter : a Social Network Analysis of Sport for Disadvantaged People.” INTERNATIONAL REVIEW FOR THE SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT 53.5 (2018): 572–593. Print.
APA
Dobbels, L., Voets, J., Marlier, M., De Waegeneer, E., & Willem, A. (2018). Why network structure and coordination matter : a social network analysis of sport for disadvantaged people. INTERNATIONAL REVIEW FOR THE SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT, 53(5), 572–593.
Chicago author-date
Dobbels, Lies, Joris Voets, Mathieu Marlier, Els De Waegeneer, and Annick Willem. 2018. “Why Network Structure and Coordination Matter : a Social Network Analysis of Sport for Disadvantaged People.” International Review for the Sociology of Sport 53 (5): 572–593.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Dobbels, Lies, Joris Voets, Mathieu Marlier, Els De Waegeneer, and Annick Willem. 2018. “Why Network Structure and Coordination Matter : a Social Network Analysis of Sport for Disadvantaged People.” International Review for the Sociology of Sport 53 (5): 572–593.
Vancouver
1.
Dobbels L, Voets J, Marlier M, De Waegeneer E, Willem A. Why network structure and coordination matter : a social network analysis of sport for disadvantaged people. INTERNATIONAL REVIEW FOR THE SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT. 2018;53(5):572–93.
IEEE
[1]
L. Dobbels, J. Voets, M. Marlier, E. De Waegeneer, and A. Willem, “Why network structure and coordination matter : a social network analysis of sport for disadvantaged people,” INTERNATIONAL REVIEW FOR THE SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT, vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 572–593, 2018.
@article{8100792,
  abstract     = {{Although local governments attempt to promote sports among all layers of society, people with a lower socio-economic status are still under-represented in grassroots sports. Previous studies indicate that inter-sectoral networks and joint efforts can contribute to an increase in sport participation among these groups, but a systematic analysis of the structure, coordination and interactions in the networks is still missing. Insight into networks to promote sport for disadvantaged people may help in designing effective networks. Therefore, we conducted a social network analysis to explore the network structure and characteristics of networks that promote sport participation among disadvantaged people in three Flemish cities. Our results show that the networks needed to be coordinated by a sport administrator, in the initial stage. Once the network is up and running, coordination can be shared so that the sport administration can rely on the experiences of other sectors. More sport initiatives and a better network structure were found in the cities with a community sport development program, through which the sport-for-all policy is implemented and coordinated, compared to a city without such a program.}},
  author       = {{Dobbels, Lies and Voets, Joris and Marlier, Mathieu and De Waegeneer, Els and Willem, Annick}},
  issn         = {{1012-6902}},
  journal      = {{INTERNATIONAL REVIEW FOR THE SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT}},
  keywords     = {{disadvantaged communities,network theory,social network analysis,sport-for-all,sport participation,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,COLLABORATIVE NETWORKS,PUBLIC MANAGEMENT,HEALTH-PROMOTION,PARTICIPATION,PARTNERSHIPS,COMMUNITIES,POLICY,PERSPECTIVE,CENTRALITY}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{5}},
  pages        = {{572--593}},
  title        = {{Why network structure and coordination matter : a social network analysis of sport for disadvantaged people}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1012690216666273}},
  volume       = {{53}},
  year         = {{2018}},
}

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