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Between social contention and takfirism : the evolution of the Salafi-jihadi movement in Tunisia

Fabio Merone (UGent)
(2017) MEDITERRANEAN POLITICS. 22(1). p.71-90
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Abstract
This article analyses the evolution of the international jihadi movement during the Arab uprisings. It is based on the case study of Ansar al-Sharia in Tunisia, which emerged in 2011 and disappeared in 2013, after it went through a process of failed institutionalization. I argue that, under certain circumstances, the jihadi movement can be institutionalized, i.e. transformed into a radical social movement in which violence is an undesirable option. In analysing the Tunisian case, I examine the ideology and social practices of the movement, showing how within the jihadi movement there coexists two tendencies: a social-political movement (social and popular consensus/ nationally based/ political strategy of the Islamic front) and a takfiri tendency (apocalyptic/ internationalist/on-compromising). I finally use Hafez’s political process approach to show how the prevailing of one tendency over another depends on political opportunities.

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Merone, Fabio. “Between Social Contention and Takfirism : the Evolution of the Salafi-jihadi Movement in Tunisia.” MEDITERRANEAN POLITICS 22.1 (2017): 71–90. Print.
APA
Merone, F. (2017). Between social contention and takfirism : the evolution of the Salafi-jihadi movement in Tunisia. MEDITERRANEAN POLITICS, 22(1), 71–90.
Chicago author-date
Merone, Fabio. 2017. “Between Social Contention and Takfirism : the Evolution of the Salafi-jihadi Movement in Tunisia.” Mediterranean Politics 22 (1): 71–90.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Merone, Fabio. 2017. “Between Social Contention and Takfirism : the Evolution of the Salafi-jihadi Movement in Tunisia.” Mediterranean Politics 22 (1): 71–90.
Vancouver
1.
Merone F. Between social contention and takfirism : the evolution of the Salafi-jihadi movement in Tunisia. MEDITERRANEAN POLITICS. 2017;22(1):71–90.
IEEE
[1]
F. Merone, “Between social contention and takfirism : the evolution of the Salafi-jihadi movement in Tunisia,” MEDITERRANEAN POLITICS, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 71–90, 2017.
@article{8088420,
  abstract     = {{This article analyses the evolution of the international jihadi movement during the Arab uprisings. It is based on the case study of Ansar al-Sharia in Tunisia, which emerged in 2011 and disappeared in 2013, after it went through a process of failed
institutionalization. I argue that, under certain circumstances, the jihadi movement can be institutionalized, i.e. transformed into a radical social movement in which violence is an undesirable option. In analysing the Tunisian case, I examine the ideology and social practices of the movement, showing how within the jihadi movement there coexists two tendencies: a social-political movement (social and popular consensus/ nationally based/ political strategy of the Islamic front) and
a takfiri tendency (apocalyptic/ internationalist/on-compromising). I finally use Hafez’s political process approach to show how the prevailing of one tendency over another depends on political opportunities.}},
  author       = {{Merone, Fabio}},
  issn         = {{1362-9395}},
  journal      = {{MEDITERRANEAN POLITICS}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{71--90}},
  title        = {{Between social contention and takfirism : the evolution of the Salafi-jihadi movement in Tunisia}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13629395.2016.1230949}},
  volume       = {{22}},
  year         = {{2017}},
}

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