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Ballasting the Hanse : Baltoscandian erratic cobbles in the Later Medieval port landscape of Bruges

Wim De Clercq (UGent) , Roland Dreesen (UGent) , Jan Dumolyn (UGent) , Ward Leloup (UGent) and Jan Trachet (UGent)
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Abstract
The find of a remarkable group of vividly coloured rounded cobbles on the fields and in the monuments of the late-Medieval outer ports of Bruges has initiated a multi-disciplinary research into the function, provenance and wider economic meaning of these exotic stones. Geological examination demonstrates that the stones can be considered as ballast of varied lithological nature. A substantial part are constituted by glacial erratics which have been collected along the Baltoscandian shores. Another group can be traced to the NE-British coasts. Because of the clustering of stones at Hoeke, specific attention is drawn to the connections between Bruges and the Hanse, and to the Hanseatic settlement of Hoeke which hosted the staple of stockfisch and various other Hanseatic activities. The paper adds to the discussion of ballast stone as a meaningful archaeological object category, in particularly when studied in a broader methodological context including archaeological, geological and historical research.
Keywords
late Medieval, Bruges, Ballast, Hanse, Baltoscandian erratics, marine trade

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MLA
De Clercq, Wim et al. “Ballasting the Hanse : Baltoscandian Erratic Cobbles in the Later Medieval Port Landscape of Bruges.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGY 20.4 (2017): 710–736. Print.
APA
De Clercq, W., Dreesen, R., Dumolyn, J., Leloup, W., & Trachet, J. (2017). Ballasting the Hanse : Baltoscandian erratic cobbles in the Later Medieval port landscape of Bruges. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGY, 20(4), 710–736.
Chicago author-date
De Clercq, Wim, Roland Dreesen, Jan Dumolyn, Ward Leloup, and Jan Trachet. 2017. “Ballasting the Hanse : Baltoscandian Erratic Cobbles in the Later Medieval Port Landscape of Bruges.” European Journal of Archaeology 20 (4): 710–736.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Clercq, Wim, Roland Dreesen, Jan Dumolyn, Ward Leloup, and Jan Trachet. 2017. “Ballasting the Hanse : Baltoscandian Erratic Cobbles in the Later Medieval Port Landscape of Bruges.” European Journal of Archaeology 20 (4): 710–736.
Vancouver
1.
De Clercq W, Dreesen R, Dumolyn J, Leloup W, Trachet J. Ballasting the Hanse : Baltoscandian erratic cobbles in the Later Medieval port landscape of Bruges. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGY. Taylor & Francis; 2017;20(4):710–36.
IEEE
[1]
W. De Clercq, R. Dreesen, J. Dumolyn, W. Leloup, and J. Trachet, “Ballasting the Hanse : Baltoscandian erratic cobbles in the Later Medieval port landscape of Bruges,” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGY, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 710–736, 2017.
@article{8082620,
  abstract     = {The find of a remarkable group of vividly coloured rounded cobbles on the fields and in the monuments of the late-Medieval outer ports of Bruges has initiated a multi-disciplinary research into the function, provenance and wider economic meaning of these exotic stones. Geological examination demonstrates that the stones can be considered as ballast of varied lithological nature. A substantial part are constituted by glacial erratics which have been collected along the Baltoscandian shores. Another group can be traced to the NE-British coasts. Because of the clustering of stones at Hoeke, specific attention is drawn to the connections between Bruges and the Hanse, and to the Hanseatic settlement of Hoeke which hosted the staple of stockfisch and various other Hanseatic activities. The paper adds to the discussion of ballast stone as a meaningful archaeological object category, in particularly when studied in a broader methodological context including archaeological, geological and historical research.},
  author       = {De Clercq, Wim and Dreesen, Roland and Dumolyn, Jan and Leloup, Ward and Trachet, Jan},
  issn         = {1461-9571 },
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGY},
  keywords     = {late Medieval,Bruges,Ballast,Hanse,Baltoscandian erratics,marine trade},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {710--736},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  title        = {Ballasting the Hanse : Baltoscandian erratic cobbles in the Later Medieval port landscape of Bruges},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/eaa.2017.2},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {2017},
}

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