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South Atlantic intermediate water advances into the North-east Atlantic with reduced Atlantic meridional overturning circulation during the last glacial period

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Abstract
The Nd isotopic composition (epsilon Nd) of seawater and cold-water coral (CWC) samples from the Gulf of Cadiz and the Alboran Sea, at a depth of 280-827 m were investigated in order to constrain middepth water mass dynamics within the Gulf of Cadiz over the past 40 ka. epsilon Nd of glacial and Holocene CWC from the Alboran Sea and the northern Gulf of Cadiz reveals relatively constant values (-8.6 to -9.0 and -9.5 to -10.4, respectively). Such values are similar to those of the surrounding present-day middepth waters from the Mediterranean Outflow Water (MOW; epsilon Nd approximate to -9.4) and Mediterranean Sea Water (MSW; epsilon Nd approximate to -9.9). In contrast, glacial epsilon Nd values for CWC collected at thermocline depth (550-827 m) in the southern Gulf of Cadiz display a higher average value (-8.90.4) compared to the present-day value (-11.70.3). This implies a higher relative contribution of water masses of Mediterranean (MSW) or South Atlantic origin (East Antarctic Intermediate Water, EAAIW). Our study has produced the first evidence of significant radiogenic epsilon Nd values (approximate to -8) at 19, 23-24, and 27 ka, which are coeval with increasing iceberg discharges and a weakening of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC). Since MOW epsilon Nd values remained stable during the last glacial period, it is suggested that these radiogenic epsilon Nd values most likely reflect an enhanced northward propagation of glacial EAAIW into the eastern Atlantic Basin.
Keywords
neodymium isotopes, cold-water corals, Mediterranean outflow water, East Antarctic intermediate water, Mediterranean sea water, Gulf of Cadiz, DEEP-SEA CORALS, MEDITERRANEAN OUTFLOW WATER, NEODYMIUM ISOTOPIC COMPOSITION, HIGH-RESOLUTION RECORD, MID-DEPTH CIRCULATION, 18, 000 YEARS BP, OCEAN CIRCULATION, PACIFIC-OCEAN, THERMOHALINE CIRCULATION, SURFACE-TEMPERATURE

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Chicago
Dubois-Dauphin, Quentin, Lucile Bonneau, Christophe Colin, Jean-Carlos Montero-Serrano, Paolo Montagna, Dominique Blamart, Dierk Hebbeln, et al. 2016. “South Atlantic Intermediate Water Advances into the North-east Atlantic with Reduced Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation During the Last Glacial Period.” Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 17 (6): 2336–2353.
APA
Dubois-Dauphin, Q., Bonneau, L., Colin, C., Montero-Serrano, J.-C., Montagna, P., Blamart, D., Hebbeln, D., et al. (2016). South Atlantic intermediate water advances into the North-east Atlantic with reduced Atlantic meridional overturning circulation during the last glacial period. GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS, 17(6), 2336–2353.
Vancouver
1.
Dubois-Dauphin Q, Bonneau L, Colin C, Montero-Serrano J-C, Montagna P, Blamart D, et al. South Atlantic intermediate water advances into the North-east Atlantic with reduced Atlantic meridional overturning circulation during the last glacial period. GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS. 2016;17(6):2336–53.
MLA
Dubois-Dauphin, Quentin, Lucile Bonneau, Christophe Colin, et al. “South Atlantic Intermediate Water Advances into the North-east Atlantic with Reduced Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation During the Last Glacial Period.” GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS 17.6 (2016): 2336–2353. Print.
@article{8078729,
  abstract     = {The Nd isotopic composition (epsilon Nd) of seawater and cold-water coral (CWC) samples from the Gulf of Cadiz and the Alboran Sea, at a depth of 280-827 m were investigated in order to constrain middepth water mass dynamics within the Gulf of Cadiz over the past 40 ka. epsilon Nd of glacial and Holocene CWC from the Alboran Sea and the northern Gulf of Cadiz reveals relatively constant values (-8.6 to -9.0 and -9.5 to -10.4, respectively). Such values are similar to those of the surrounding present-day middepth waters from the Mediterranean Outflow Water (MOW; epsilon Nd approximate to -9.4) and Mediterranean Sea Water (MSW; epsilon Nd approximate to -9.9). In contrast, glacial epsilon Nd values for CWC collected at thermocline depth (550-827 m) in the southern Gulf of Cadiz display a higher average value (-8.90.4) compared to the present-day value (-11.70.3). This implies a higher relative contribution of water masses of Mediterranean (MSW) or South Atlantic origin (East Antarctic Intermediate Water, EAAIW). Our study has produced the first evidence of significant radiogenic epsilon Nd values (approximate to -8) at 19, 23-24, and 27 ka, which are coeval with increasing iceberg discharges and a weakening of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC). Since MOW epsilon Nd values remained stable during the last glacial period, it is suggested that these radiogenic epsilon Nd values most likely reflect an enhanced northward propagation of glacial EAAIW into the eastern Atlantic Basin.},
  author       = {Dubois-Dauphin, Quentin and Bonneau, Lucile and Colin, Christophe and Montero-Serrano, Jean-Carlos and Montagna, Paolo and Blamart, Dominique and Hebbeln, Dierk and Van Rooij, David and Pons-Branchu, Edwige and Hemsing, Freya and Wefing, Anne-Marie and Frank, Norbert},
  issn         = {1525-2027},
  journal      = {GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS},
  keyword      = {neodymium isotopes,cold-water corals,Mediterranean outflow water,East Antarctic intermediate water,Mediterranean sea water,Gulf of Cadiz,DEEP-SEA CORALS,MEDITERRANEAN OUTFLOW WATER,NEODYMIUM ISOTOPIC COMPOSITION,HIGH-RESOLUTION RECORD,MID-DEPTH CIRCULATION,18,000 YEARS BP,OCEAN CIRCULATION,PACIFIC-OCEAN,THERMOHALINE CIRCULATION,SURFACE-TEMPERATURE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {2336--2353},
  title        = {South Atlantic intermediate water advances into the North-east Atlantic with reduced Atlantic meridional overturning circulation during the last glacial period},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016GC006281},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2016},
}

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