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Mobilités écopoétiques et écritures de la nature: espace et paysage dans la littérature contemporaine en français

(2016)
Author
Promoter
Jean-Yves Laurichesse and (UGent)
Organization
Abstract
This dissertation reflects on nature writing in French-speaking contemporary literature. Drawing on a corpus of literary texts from Europe (Chevillard, Michon, Mingarelli, Ollier, Réda, Rouaud, Simon, Tesson, Trassard) and the Caribbean (Chamoiseau, Glissant, Maximin), the author examines how awareness of ecological peril determines literary geographies and the representation of space more generally. North-American ecocriticism offers a part of the theoretical framework, but recent findings in European ecopoetics prove to be more suitable to analyse literature in French. The study shows that ecological awareness entails a new worldview that invalidates pre-existing representations of space. Thus, exploring the wilderness does not longer lead the observer to celebrate the sublime landscapes that nature offers him. On the contrary, the encounter with the wilderness tends to be unsuccessful, and if it entails any sublime experience, it is equally a temporary and a fragile one. Likewise, the prehistoric narrative does not longer rely on the literary strategies of the traditional prehistoric novel: rather than to reconstruct a prehistoric time and to show the triumphant arrival of humankind as does the latter, the contemporary narrative conducts in the present an uncertain and troubled investigation regarding the significance of prehistoric human traces. Literary texts thus show the discrepancy between the relativity of human history and the permanence of geological time. They underline the need to reconfigure traditional representations of space and question the central position that humankind attributes to himself. Literature then promotes space as a plastic and mobile entity. The garden more precisely appears to be a motive that reconciles human efforts of planning and managing with the disorderly energy of nature. Contemporary literary aesthetics appear then to be determined by an ecopoetic mobility that signals a new empathy with the world.
Keywords
postcolonial literature, francophone literature, mobility, french literature, environment, aesthetics, plasticity, garden, trace, wilderness, prehistory, contemporary literature, ecocriticism, ecopoetics, ecology, nature, landscape, space

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Citation

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MLA
De Vriese, Hannes. “Mobilités Écopoétiques Et Écritures De La Nature: Espace Et Paysage Dans La Littérature Contemporaine En Français.” 2016 : n. pag. Print.
APA
De Vriese, H. (2016). Mobilités écopoétiques et écritures de la nature: espace et paysage dans la littérature contemporaine en français. Université de Toulouse-Jean Jaures. École doctorale Lettres modernes ; Universiteit Gent. Faculteit Letteren en Wijsbegeerte, Toulouse, France ; Gent, Belgique.
Chicago author-date
De Vriese, Hannes. 2016. “Mobilités Écopoétiques Et Écritures De La Nature: Espace Et Paysage Dans La Littérature Contemporaine En Français”. Toulouse, France ; Gent, Belgique: Université de Toulouse-Jean Jaures. École doctorale Lettres modernes ; Universiteit Gent. Faculteit Letteren en Wijsbegeerte.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Vriese, Hannes. 2016. “Mobilités Écopoétiques Et Écritures De La Nature: Espace Et Paysage Dans La Littérature Contemporaine En Français”. Toulouse, France ; Gent, Belgique: Université de Toulouse-Jean Jaures. École doctorale Lettres modernes ; Universiteit Gent. Faculteit Letteren en Wijsbegeerte.
Vancouver
1.
De Vriese H. Mobilités écopoétiques et écritures de la nature: espace et paysage dans la littérature contemporaine en français. [Toulouse, France ; Gent, Belgique]: Université de Toulouse-Jean Jaures. École doctorale Lettres modernes ; Universiteit Gent. Faculteit Letteren en Wijsbegeerte; 2016.
IEEE
[1]
H. De Vriese, “Mobilités écopoétiques et écritures de la nature: espace et paysage dans la littérature contemporaine en français,” Université de Toulouse-Jean Jaures. École doctorale Lettres modernes ; Universiteit Gent. Faculteit Letteren en Wijsbegeerte, Toulouse, France ; Gent, Belgique, 2016.
@phdthesis{8075055,
  abstract     = {This dissertation reflects on nature writing in French-speaking contemporary literature. Drawing on a corpus of literary texts from Europe (Chevillard, Michon, Mingarelli, Ollier, Réda, Rouaud, Simon, Tesson, Trassard) and the Caribbean (Chamoiseau, Glissant, Maximin), the author examines how awareness of ecological peril determines literary geographies and the representation of space more generally. North-American ecocriticism offers a part of the theoretical framework, but recent findings in European ecopoetics prove to be more suitable to analyse literature in French. The study shows that ecological awareness entails a new worldview that invalidates pre-existing representations of space. Thus, exploring the wilderness does not longer lead the observer to celebrate the sublime landscapes that nature offers him. On the contrary, the encounter with the wilderness tends to be unsuccessful, and if it entails any sublime experience, it is equally a temporary and a fragile one. Likewise, the prehistoric narrative does not longer rely on the literary strategies of the traditional prehistoric novel: rather than to reconstruct a prehistoric time and to show the triumphant arrival of humankind as does the latter, the contemporary narrative conducts in the present an uncertain and troubled investigation regarding the significance of prehistoric human traces. Literary texts thus show the discrepancy between the relativity of human history and the permanence of geological time. They underline the need to reconfigure traditional representations of space and question the central position that humankind attributes to himself. Literature then promotes space as a plastic and mobile entity. The garden more precisely appears to be a motive that reconciles human efforts of planning and managing with the disorderly energy of nature. Contemporary literary aesthetics appear then to be determined by an ecopoetic mobility that signals a new empathy with the world.},
  author       = {De Vriese, Hannes},
  keywords     = {postcolonial literature,francophone literature,mobility,french literature,environment,aesthetics,plasticity,garden,trace,wilderness,prehistory,contemporary literature,ecocriticism,ecopoetics,ecology,nature,landscape,space},
  language     = {fre},
  pages        = {425},
  publisher    = {Université de Toulouse-Jean Jaures. École doctorale Lettres modernes ; Universiteit Gent. Faculteit Letteren en Wijsbegeerte},
  school       = {Ghent University},
  title        = {Mobilités écopoétiques et écritures de la nature: espace et paysage dans la littérature contemporaine en français},
  year         = {2016},
}