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Absolute and relative educational inequalities in depression in Europe

Pieter Dudal (UGent) and Piet Bracke (UGent)
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Abstract
OBJECTIVES:To investigate (1) the size of absolute and relative educational inequalities in depression, (2) their variation between European countries, and (3) their relationship with underlying prevalence rates. METHODS:Analyses are based on the European Social Survey, rounds three and six (N = 57,419). Depression is measured using the shortened Centre of Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Education is coded by use of the International Standard Classification of Education. Country-specific logistic regressions are applied. RESULTS: Results point to an elevated risk of depressive symptoms among the lower educated. The cross-national patterns differ between absolute and relative measurements. For men, large relative inequalities are found for countries including Denmark and Sweden, but are accompanied by small absolute inequalities. For women, large relative and absolute inequalities are found in Belgium, Bulgaria, and Hungary. Results point to an empirical association between inequalities and the underlying prevalence rates. However, the strength of the association is only moderate. DISCUSSIONS: This research stresses the importance of including both measurements for comparative research and suggests the inclusion of the level of population health in research into inequalities in health.
Keywords
Comparative research, Depressive symptoms, Educational inequalities, Europe, MEASURING SOCIAL DISPARITIES, HEALTH INEQUALITIES, SOCIOECONOMIC INEQUALITIES, MENTAL-HEALTH, COUNTRIES, MORTALITY, LEVEL, POLICY

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Dudal, Pieter, and Piet Bracke. “Absolute and Relative Educational Inequalities in Depression in Europe.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH 61.7 (2016): 787–795. Print.
APA
Dudal, P., & Bracke, P. (2016). Absolute and relative educational inequalities in depression in Europe. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, 61(7), 787–795.
Chicago author-date
Dudal, Pieter, and Piet Bracke. 2016. “Absolute and Relative Educational Inequalities in Depression in Europe.” International Journal of Public Health 61 (7): 787–795.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Dudal, Pieter, and Piet Bracke. 2016. “Absolute and Relative Educational Inequalities in Depression in Europe.” International Journal of Public Health 61 (7): 787–795.
Vancouver
1.
Dudal P, Bracke P. Absolute and relative educational inequalities in depression in Europe. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH. 2016;61(7):787–95.
IEEE
[1]
P. Dudal and P. Bracke, “Absolute and relative educational inequalities in depression in Europe,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 61, no. 7, pp. 787–795, 2016.
@article{8070477,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVES:To investigate (1) the size of absolute and relative educational inequalities in depression, (2) their variation between European countries, and (3) their relationship with underlying prevalence rates.

METHODS:Analyses are based on the European Social Survey, rounds three and six (N = 57,419). Depression is measured using the shortened Centre of Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Education is coded by use of the International Standard Classification of Education. Country-specific logistic regressions are applied.

RESULTS: Results point to an elevated risk of depressive symptoms among the lower educated. The cross-national patterns differ between absolute and relative measurements. For men, large relative inequalities are found for countries including Denmark and Sweden, but are accompanied by small absolute inequalities. For women, large relative and absolute inequalities are found in Belgium, Bulgaria, and Hungary. Results point to an empirical association between inequalities and the underlying prevalence rates. However, the strength of the association is only moderate.

DISCUSSIONS: This research stresses the importance of including both measurements for comparative research and suggests the inclusion of the level of population health in research into inequalities in health.},
  author       = {Dudal, Pieter and Bracke, Piet},
  issn         = {1661-8556},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH},
  keywords     = {Comparative research,Depressive symptoms,Educational inequalities,Europe,MEASURING SOCIAL DISPARITIES,HEALTH INEQUALITIES,SOCIOECONOMIC INEQUALITIES,MENTAL-HEALTH,COUNTRIES,MORTALITY,LEVEL,POLICY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {787--795},
  title        = {Absolute and relative educational inequalities in depression in Europe},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-016-0837-5},
  volume       = {61},
  year         = {2016},
}

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