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Self-aliquoting micro-grooves in combination with laser ablation-ICP-mass spectrometry for the analysis of challenging liquids: quantification of lead in whole blood

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Abstract
We present a technique for the fast screening of the lead concentration in whole blood samples using laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). The whole blood sample is deposited on a polymeric surface and wiped across a set of micro-grooves previously engraved into the surface. The engraving of the micro-grooves was accomplished with the same laser system used for LA-ICP-MS analysis. In each groove, a part of the liquid blood is trapped, and thus, the sample is divided into sub-aliquots. These aliquots dry quasi instantly and are then investigated by means of LA-ICP-MS. For quantification, external calibration against aqueous standard solutions was relied on, with iron as an internal standard to account for varying volumes of the sample aliquots. The Pb-208/Fe-57 nuclide ratio used for quantification was obtained via a data treatment protocol so far only used in the context of isotope ratio determination involving transient signals. The method presented here was shown to provide reliable results for Recipe ClinChekA (R) Whole Blood Control levels I-III (nos. 8840-8842), with a repeatability of typically 3 % relative standard deviation (n = 6, for Pb at 442 mu g L-1). Spiked and non-spiked real whole blood was analysed as well, and the results were compared with those obtained via dilution and sectorfield ICP-MS. A good agreement between both methods was observed. The detection limit (3 s) for lead in whole blood was established to be 10 mu g L-1 for the laser ablation method presented here.
Keywords
Whole blood analysis, Laser ablation-ICP-MS, Lead quantification, Dried-droplet laser ablation, Transient signals, FILTER-PAPER, MS ANALYSIS, PRECISION, STRONTIUM, STRATEGY

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Chicago
Nischkauer, Winfried, Frank Vanhaecke, and Andreas Limbeck. 2016. “Self-aliquoting Micro-grooves in Combination with Laser ablation-ICP-mass Spectrometry for the Analysis of Challenging Liquids: Quantification of Lead in Whole Blood.” Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 408 (21): 5671–5676.
APA
Nischkauer, W., Vanhaecke, F., & Limbeck, A. (2016). Self-aliquoting micro-grooves in combination with laser ablation-ICP-mass spectrometry for the analysis of challenging liquids: quantification of lead in whole blood. ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, 408(21), 5671–5676.
Vancouver
1.
Nischkauer W, Vanhaecke F, Limbeck A. Self-aliquoting micro-grooves in combination with laser ablation-ICP-mass spectrometry for the analysis of challenging liquids: quantification of lead in whole blood. ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY. 2016;408(21):5671–6.
MLA
Nischkauer, Winfried, Frank Vanhaecke, and Andreas Limbeck. “Self-aliquoting Micro-grooves in Combination with Laser ablation-ICP-mass Spectrometry for the Analysis of Challenging Liquids: Quantification of Lead in Whole Blood.” ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY 408.21 (2016): 5671–5676. Print.
@article{8069194,
  abstract     = {We present a technique for the fast screening of the lead concentration in whole blood samples using laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). The whole blood sample is deposited on a polymeric surface and wiped across a set of micro-grooves previously engraved into the surface. The engraving of the micro-grooves was accomplished with the same laser system used for LA-ICP-MS analysis. In each groove, a part of the liquid blood is trapped, and thus, the sample is divided into sub-aliquots. These aliquots dry quasi instantly and are then investigated by means of LA-ICP-MS. For quantification, external calibration against aqueous standard solutions was relied on, with iron as an internal standard to account for varying volumes of the sample aliquots. The Pb-208/Fe-57 nuclide ratio used for quantification was obtained via a data treatment protocol so far only used in the context of isotope ratio determination involving transient signals. The method presented here was shown to provide reliable results for Recipe ClinChekA (R) Whole Blood Control levels I-III (nos. 8840-8842), with a repeatability of typically 3 \% relative standard deviation (n = 6, for Pb at 442 mu g L-1). Spiked and non-spiked real whole blood was analysed as well, and the results were compared with those obtained via dilution and sectorfield ICP-MS. A good agreement between both methods was observed. The detection limit (3 s) for lead in whole blood was established to be 10 mu g L-1 for the laser ablation method presented here.},
  author       = {Nischkauer, Winfried and Vanhaecke, Frank and Limbeck, Andreas},
  issn         = {1618-2642},
  journal      = {ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {21},
  pages        = {5671--5676},
  title        = {Self-aliquoting micro-grooves in combination with laser ablation-ICP-mass spectrometry for the analysis of challenging liquids: quantification of lead in whole blood},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00216-016-9717-3},
  volume       = {408},
  year         = {2016},
}

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