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The plant response induced in wheat ears by a combined attack of Sitobion avenae aphids and Fusarium graminearum boosts fungal infection and deoxynivalenol production

Nathalie De Zutter (UGent) , Kris Audenaert (UGent) , Maarten Ameye (UGent) , Marthe De Boevre (UGent) , Sarah De Saeger (UGent) , Geert Haesaert (UGent) and Guy Smagghe (UGent)
(2017) MOLECULAR PLANT PATHOLOGY. 18(1). p.98-109
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Abstract
The pathogen Fusarium graminearum, producer of the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol, and Sitobion avenae aphids both reside onwheat ears. We explored the influence of an earlier aphid infestation on the expression profile of specific molecular markers associated with F. graminearum infection. Using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis, we followed the expression of wheat defence genes on S. avenae infestation and explored the effect on a subsequent F. graminearum infection. This was performed by the assessment of disease symptoms, fungal biomass, mycotoxin production and number of aphids at several time points during disease progress. Wheat ears infected with F. graminearum showed more disease symptoms and higher deoxynivalenol levels when ears were pre-exposed to aphids relative to a sole inoculation with F. graminearum. Aphids induced defence genes that are typically induced on F. graminearum infection. Other defence genes showed earlier and/or enhanced transcription after exposure to both aphids and F. graminearum. In the discussion, we link the symptomatic and epidemiological parameters with the transcriptional induction pattern in the plant. Our study suggests that pre-exposure of wheat ears to aphids affects the plant response, which plays a role in the subsequent attack of F. graminearum, enabling the fungus to colonize wheat ears more rapidly.
Keywords
Fusarium graminearum, mycotoxin production, plant defence, Sitobion avenae, Triticum aestivum, SMALL-GRAIN CEREALS, HEAD BLIGHT, PHYTOPATHOGENIC FUSARIUM, MEDIATED INTERACTIONS, REDUCED VIRULENCE, FEEDING INSECTS, GIBBERELLA-ZEAE, GENE-EXPRESSION, HOST-RESISTANCE, SALICYLIC-ACID

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Chicago
De Zutter, Nathalie, Kris Audenaert, Maarten Ameye, Marthe De Boevre, Sarah De Saeger, Geert Haesaert, and Guy Smagghe. 2017. “The Plant Response Induced in Wheat Ears by a Combined Attack of Sitobion Avenae Aphids and Fusarium Graminearum Boosts Fungal Infection and Deoxynivalenol Production.” Molecular Plant Pathology 18 (1): 98–109.
APA
De Zutter, N., Audenaert, K., Ameye, M., De Boevre, M., De Saeger, S., Haesaert, G., & Smagghe, G. (2017). The plant response induced in wheat ears by a combined attack of Sitobion avenae aphids and Fusarium graminearum boosts fungal infection and deoxynivalenol production. MOLECULAR PLANT PATHOLOGY, 18(1), 98–109.
Vancouver
1.
De Zutter N, Audenaert K, Ameye M, De Boevre M, De Saeger S, Haesaert G, et al. The plant response induced in wheat ears by a combined attack of Sitobion avenae aphids and Fusarium graminearum boosts fungal infection and deoxynivalenol production. MOLECULAR PLANT PATHOLOGY. 2017;18(1):98–109.
MLA
De Zutter, Nathalie, Kris Audenaert, Maarten Ameye, et al. “The Plant Response Induced in Wheat Ears by a Combined Attack of Sitobion Avenae Aphids and Fusarium Graminearum Boosts Fungal Infection and Deoxynivalenol Production.” MOLECULAR PLANT PATHOLOGY 18.1 (2017): 98–109. Print.
@article{8068984,
  abstract     = {The pathogen Fusarium graminearum, producer of the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol, and Sitobion avenae aphids both reside onwheat ears. We explored the influence of an earlier aphid infestation on the expression profile of specific molecular markers associated with F. graminearum infection. Using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis, we followed the expression of wheat defence genes on S. avenae infestation and explored the effect on a subsequent F. graminearum infection. This was performed by the assessment of disease symptoms, fungal biomass, mycotoxin production and number of aphids at several time points during disease progress. Wheat ears infected with F. graminearum showed more disease symptoms and higher deoxynivalenol levels when ears were pre-exposed to aphids relative to a sole inoculation with F. graminearum. Aphids induced defence genes that are typically induced on F. graminearum infection. Other defence genes showed earlier and/or enhanced transcription after exposure to both aphids and F. graminearum. In the discussion, we link the symptomatic and epidemiological parameters with the transcriptional induction pattern in the plant. Our study suggests that pre-exposure of wheat ears to aphids affects the plant response, which plays a role in the subsequent attack of F. graminearum, enabling the fungus to colonize wheat ears more rapidly.},
  author       = {De Zutter, Nathalie and Audenaert, Kris and Ameye, Maarten and De Boevre, Marthe and De Saeger, Sarah and Haesaert, Geert and Smagghe, Guy},
  issn         = {1464-6722},
  journal      = {MOLECULAR PLANT PATHOLOGY},
  keyword      = {Fusarium graminearum,mycotoxin production,plant defence,Sitobion avenae,Triticum aestivum,SMALL-GRAIN CEREALS,HEAD BLIGHT,PHYTOPATHOGENIC FUSARIUM,MEDIATED INTERACTIONS,REDUCED VIRULENCE,FEEDING INSECTS,GIBBERELLA-ZEAE,GENE-EXPRESSION,HOST-RESISTANCE,SALICYLIC-ACID},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {98--109},
  title        = {The plant response induced in wheat ears by a combined attack of Sitobion avenae aphids and Fusarium graminearum boosts fungal infection and deoxynivalenol production},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mpp.12386},
  volume       = {18},
  year         = {2017},
}

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