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The temporary nature of number-space interactions

Wim Fias (UGent) and Jean-Philippe van Dijck (UGent)
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Organization
Project
The integrative neuroscience of behavioral control (Neuroscience)
Abstract
It is commonly accepted that the mental representation and processing of numbers and of space are tightly linked. This is evident from studies that have shown relations between math ability and visuospatial skill. Also, math instruction and education rely strongly on visuospatial tools and strategies. The dominant explanation for these number—space interactions is that the mental representation of numbers takes the form of a mental number line with numbers positioned in ascending order according to our reading habits. A long-standing debate is whether the link between numbers and space can be considered as evidence for a spatial number representation in long-term semantic memory, or whether this spatial frame is a temporary representation that emerges in working memory (WM) during task execution. We summarise our recent work that suggests basic number processing tasks do not operate on a long-term spatial memory representation, but on a representation constructed in serial order WM, where the elements are spatially coded as a function of their ordinal position in the memorised sequence. Implications for a new theoretical framework linking serial order WM and basic number processing are discussed.
Keywords
bisection bias, working memory, attention, numbers, SNARC, space, SPATIAL-NUMERICAL ASSOCIATIONS, WORKING-MEMORY ACCOUNT, BRAIN-DAMAGE, REPRESENTATIONAL SPACE, MENTAL REPRESENTATION, ORDER INFORMATION, PARIETAL CORTEX, LINE BISECTION, ATTENTION, MAGNITUDE

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Citation

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MLA
Fias, Wim, and Jean-Philippe van Dijck. “The Temporary Nature of Number-space Interactions.” CANADIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE PSYCHOLOGIE EXPERIMENTALE 70.1 (2016): 33–40. Print.
APA
Fias, W., & van Dijck, J.-P. (2016). The temporary nature of number-space interactions. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE PSYCHOLOGIE EXPERIMENTALE, 70(1), 33–40. Presented at the 33rd Banff Annual Seminar in Cognitive Science (BASICS).
Chicago author-date
Fias, Wim, and Jean-Philippe van Dijck. 2016. “The Temporary Nature of Number-space Interactions.” Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology-revue Canadienne De Psychologie Experimentale 70 (1): 33–40.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Fias, Wim, and Jean-Philippe van Dijck. 2016. “The Temporary Nature of Number-space Interactions.” Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology-revue Canadienne De Psychologie Experimentale 70 (1): 33–40.
Vancouver
1.
Fias W, van Dijck J-P. The temporary nature of number-space interactions. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE PSYCHOLOGIE EXPERIMENTALE. 2016;70(1):33–40.
IEEE
[1]
W. Fias and J.-P. van Dijck, “The temporary nature of number-space interactions,” CANADIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE PSYCHOLOGIE EXPERIMENTALE, vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 33–40, 2016.
@article{8068125,
  abstract     = {It is commonly accepted that the mental representation and processing of numbers and of space are tightly linked. This is evident from studies that have shown relations between math ability and visuospatial skill. Also, math instruction and education rely strongly on visuospatial tools and strategies. The dominant explanation for these number—space interactions is that the mental representation of numbers takes the form of a mental number line with numbers positioned in ascending order according to our reading habits. A long-standing debate is whether the link between numbers and space can be considered as evidence for a spatial number representation in long-term semantic memory, or whether this spatial frame is a temporary representation that emerges in working memory (WM) during task execution. We summarise our recent work that suggests basic number processing tasks do not operate on a long-term spatial memory representation, but on a representation constructed in serial order WM, where the elements are spatially coded as a function of their ordinal position in the memorised sequence. Implications for a new theoretical framework linking serial order WM and basic number processing are discussed.},
  author       = {Fias, Wim and van Dijck, Jean-Philippe},
  issn         = {1196-1961},
  journal      = {CANADIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE PSYCHOLOGIE EXPERIMENTALE},
  keywords     = {bisection bias,working memory,attention,numbers,SNARC,space,SPATIAL-NUMERICAL ASSOCIATIONS,WORKING-MEMORY ACCOUNT,BRAIN-DAMAGE,REPRESENTATIONAL SPACE,MENTAL REPRESENTATION,ORDER INFORMATION,PARIETAL CORTEX,LINE BISECTION,ATTENTION,MAGNITUDE},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Banff, CANADA},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {33--40},
  title        = {The temporary nature of number-space interactions},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000071},
  volume       = {70},
  year         = {2016},
}

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