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General parenting styles are not strongly associated with fruit and vegetable intake and social-environmental correlates among 11-year-old children in four countries in Europe

(2009) PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION. 12(2). p.259-266
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Abstract
Objectives: To investigate whether fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake in 11-year-olds, and social-environmental correlates of F&V intake such as parental modelling and encouragement, family food rules and home availability, differ according to general parenting styles in Belgium, The Netherlands, Portugal and Spain. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Primary schools in four countries. Subjects: Pupils and one of their parents completed questionnaires to measure F&V intake, related social-environmental correlates and general parenting styles. The sample size was 4555 (49.3% boys); 1180 for Belgium, 883 for The Netherlands, 1515 for Portugal and 977 for Spain. Parenting styles were divided into authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent and neglectful. Results: No differences were found in F&V intake across parenting styles and only very few significant differences in social-environmental correlates. The authoritarian (more parental encouragement and more demands to eat fruit) and the authoritative (more availability of fruit and vegetables) parenting styles resulted in more favourable correlates. Conclusion: Despite earlier studies Suggesting that general parenting styles are associated with health behaviours in children, the present study suggests that this association is weak to non-existent for F&V intakes in four different European countries.
Keywords
PRO CHILDREN, ADOLESCENTS, CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY, Social-environmental, Determinants, Fruit and vegetable intake, Europe, Parenting style, QUESTIONNAIRE, DETERMINANTS, SCHOOLCHILDREN, CONSUMPTION, BEHAVIORS, VALIDITY, CONTEXT

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Chicago
De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse, SJ Te Velde, Lea Maes, C Pérez-Rodrigo, MDV de Almeida, and J Brug. 2009. “General Parenting Styles Are Not Strongly Associated with Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Social-environmental Correlates Among 11-year-old Children in Four Countries in Europe.” Public Health Nutrition 12 (2): 259–266.
APA
De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Te Velde, S., Maes, L., Pérez-Rodrigo, C., de Almeida, M., & Brug, J. (2009). General parenting styles are not strongly associated with fruit and vegetable intake and social-environmental correlates among 11-year-old children in four countries in Europe. PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION, 12(2), 259–266.
Vancouver
1.
De Bourdeaudhuij I, Te Velde S, Maes L, Pérez-Rodrigo C, de Almeida M, Brug J. General parenting styles are not strongly associated with fruit and vegetable intake and social-environmental correlates among 11-year-old children in four countries in Europe. PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION. 2009;12(2):259–66.
MLA
De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse et al. “General Parenting Styles Are Not Strongly Associated with Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Social-environmental Correlates Among 11-year-old Children in Four Countries in Europe.” PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION 12.2 (2009): 259–266. Print.
@article{806540,
  abstract     = {Objectives: To investigate whether fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake in 11-year-olds, and social-environmental correlates of F&V intake such as parental modelling and encouragement, family food rules and home availability, differ according to general parenting styles in Belgium, The Netherlands, Portugal and Spain.
Design: Cross-sectional study.
Setting: Primary schools in four countries.
Subjects: Pupils and one of their parents completed questionnaires to measure F&V intake, related social-environmental correlates and general parenting styles. The sample size was 4555 (49.3% boys); 1180 for Belgium, 883 for The Netherlands, 1515 for Portugal and 977 for Spain. Parenting styles were divided into authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent and neglectful.
Results: No differences were found in F&V intake across parenting styles and only very few significant differences in social-environmental correlates. The authoritarian (more parental encouragement and more demands to eat fruit) and the authoritative (more availability of fruit and vegetables) parenting styles resulted in more favourable correlates.
Conclusion: Despite earlier studies Suggesting that general parenting styles are associated with health behaviours in children, the present study suggests that this association is weak to non-existent for F&V intakes in four different European countries.},
  author       = {De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Te Velde, SJ and Maes, Lea and Pérez-Rodrigo, C and de Almeida, MDV and Brug, J},
  issn         = {1368-9800},
  journal      = {PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION},
  keywords     = {PRO CHILDREN,ADOLESCENTS,CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY,Social-environmental,Determinants,Fruit and vegetable intake,Europe,Parenting style,QUESTIONNAIRE,DETERMINANTS,SCHOOLCHILDREN,CONSUMPTION,BEHAVIORS,VALIDITY,CONTEXT},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {259--266},
  title        = {General parenting styles are not strongly associated with fruit and vegetable intake and social-environmental correlates among 11-year-old children in four countries in Europe},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980008002930},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2009},
}

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