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Does ethnic congruence strengthen or deter conventional bonds? Implications for student misbehavior

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Abstract
Starting from a person-environment fit framework, this study investigates whether ethnic congruence—the percentage of co-ethnics in a school—relates to school misconduct, and whether congruence effects differ between ethnic minority and majority students. Moreover, we investigate whether eventual associations are mediated by friendship attachment, perceived teacher support and general school belonging. Multilevel analyses of data from 11,759 students across 83 Flemish secondary schools show that higher ethnic congruence is associated with lower levels of school misconduct, but only for ethnic minority students. This effect was not mediated by friendship attachment, nor by teacher support, but it was mediated by general school belonging. We conclude that ethnic minority students in schools with a higher percentage of peers of co-ethnic descent are less likely to break the school rules because they feel more contented in the school context, which is congruent with the person-environment fit framework.
Keywords
Ethnic congruence, Person-environment fit theory, School misconduct, Social control theory

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MLA
Demanet, Jannick, Lore Van Praag, and Mieke Van Houtte. “Does Ethnic Congruence Strengthen or Deter Conventional Bonds? Implications for Student Misbehavior.” European Conference on Educational Research. 2016. Print.
APA
Demanet, Jannick, Van Praag, L., & Van Houtte, M. (2016). Does ethnic congruence strengthen or deter conventional bonds? Implications for student misbehavior. European Conference on Educational Research. Presented at the European Conference on Educational Research (ECER).
Chicago author-date
Demanet, Jannick, Lore Van Praag, and Mieke Van Houtte. 2016. “Does Ethnic Congruence Strengthen or Deter Conventional Bonds? Implications for Student Misbehavior.” In European Conference on Educational Research.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Demanet, Jannick, Lore Van Praag, and Mieke Van Houtte. 2016. “Does Ethnic Congruence Strengthen or Deter Conventional Bonds? Implications for Student Misbehavior.” In European Conference on Educational Research.
Vancouver
1.
Demanet J, Van Praag L, Van Houtte M. Does ethnic congruence strengthen or deter conventional bonds? Implications for student misbehavior. European Conference on Educational Research. 2016.
IEEE
[1]
J. Demanet, L. Van Praag, and M. Van Houtte, “Does ethnic congruence strengthen or deter conventional bonds? Implications for student misbehavior,” in European Conference on Educational Research, Dublin, Ireland, 2016.
@inproceedings{8058900,
  abstract     = {Starting from a person-environment fit framework, this study investigates whether ethnic congruence—the percentage of co-ethnics in a school—relates to school misconduct, and whether congruence effects differ between ethnic minority and majority students. Moreover, we investigate whether eventual associations are mediated by friendship attachment, perceived teacher support and general school belonging. Multilevel analyses of data from 11,759 students across 83 Flemish secondary schools show that higher ethnic congruence is associated with lower levels of school misconduct, but only for ethnic minority students. This effect was not mediated by friendship attachment, nor by teacher support, but it was mediated by general school belonging. We conclude that ethnic minority students in schools with a higher percentage of peers of co-ethnic descent are less likely to break the school rules because they feel more contented in the school context, which is congruent with the person-environment fit framework.},
  author       = {Demanet, Jannick and Van Praag, Lore and Van Houtte, Mieke},
  booktitle    = {European Conference on Educational Research},
  keywords     = {Ethnic congruence,Person-environment fit theory,School misconduct,Social control theory},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Dublin, Ireland},
  title        = {Does ethnic congruence strengthen or deter conventional bonds? Implications for student misbehavior},
  year         = {2016},
}