Advanced search
1 file | 2.90 MB

Holocene landscape evolution of an estuarine wetland in relation to its human occupation and exploitation : Waasland Scheldt polders, northern Belgium

Author
Organization
Abstract
This paper describes the landscape evolution of the Waasland Scheldt polders in the north of Belgium from the Late Glacial – early Holocene to the present times, and the effects of this changing landscape on the human settlement. The regional landscape evolution has been visualized in a series of palaeogeographical maps for successive time frames. Two different map series were produced: a series of Holocene palaeogeographical reconstructions (11000 cal BP – 950 cal BP) based on geotechnical, geological and archaeological data, and a series of post-medieval landscape reconstructions (sixteenth to nineteenth century) based on historical maps, land registers and soil data. Additional palaeoenvironmental information from fossil pollen and plant remains allowed to reconstruct the vegetation and wetland changes, particularly for the middle to late Holocene. Peat growth was the main key to understanding the landscape evolution of the Waasland Scheldt polders. Whereas the landscape evolution during the Holocene was mainly sea-level driven, the transformation of the landscape during the last millennium was largely due to human interventions.
Keywords
Scheldt estuary, palaeogeography, historical maps, peat growth, MESOLITHIC-NEOLITHIC TRANSITION, SEA-LEVEL RISE, MULTI-PROXY, SOUTHWESTERN NETHERLANDS, ENVIRONMENTAL-CHANGE, NW BELGIUM, LAND-USE, RECONSTRUCTION, VEGETATION, DYNAMICS

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 2.90 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Missiaen, Tine, Iason Jongepier, Katrien Heirman, Tim Soens, Vanessa Gelorini, Jacques Verniers, Jeroen Verhegge, and Philippe Crombé. 2017. “Holocene Landscape Evolution of an Estuarine Wetland in Relation to Its Human Occupation and Exploitation : Waasland Scheldt Polders, Northern Belgium.” Netherlands Journal of Geosciences-geologie En Mijnbouw 96 (1): 35–62.
APA
Missiaen, T., Jongepier, I., Heirman, K., Soens, T., Gelorini, V., Verniers, J., Verhegge, J., et al. (2017). Holocene landscape evolution of an estuarine wetland in relation to its human occupation and exploitation : Waasland Scheldt polders, northern Belgium. NETHERLANDS JOURNAL OF GEOSCIENCES-GEOLOGIE EN MIJNBOUW, 96(1), 35–62.
Vancouver
1.
Missiaen T, Jongepier I, Heirman K, Soens T, Gelorini V, Verniers J, et al. Holocene landscape evolution of an estuarine wetland in relation to its human occupation and exploitation : Waasland Scheldt polders, northern Belgium. NETHERLANDS JOURNAL OF GEOSCIENCES-GEOLOGIE EN MIJNBOUW. 2017;96(1):35–62.
MLA
Missiaen, Tine, Iason Jongepier, Katrien Heirman, et al. “Holocene Landscape Evolution of an Estuarine Wetland in Relation to Its Human Occupation and Exploitation : Waasland Scheldt Polders, Northern Belgium.” NETHERLANDS JOURNAL OF GEOSCIENCES-GEOLOGIE EN MIJNBOUW 96.1 (2017): 35–62. Print.
@article{8058270,
  abstract     = {This paper describes the landscape evolution of the Waasland Scheldt polders in the north of Belgium from the Late Glacial -- early Holocene to the present times, and the effects of this changing landscape on the human settlement. The regional landscape evolution has been visualized in a series of palaeogeographical maps for successive time frames. Two different map series were produced: a series of Holocene palaeogeographical reconstructions (11000 cal BP -- 950 cal BP) based on geotechnical, geological and archaeological data, and a series of post-medieval landscape reconstructions (sixteenth to nineteenth century) based on historical maps, land registers and soil data. Additional palaeoenvironmental information from fossil pollen and plant remains allowed to reconstruct the vegetation and wetland changes, particularly for the middle to late Holocene. Peat growth was the main key to understanding the landscape evolution of the Waasland Scheldt polders. Whereas the landscape evolution during the Holocene was mainly sea-level driven, the transformation of the landscape during the last millennium was largely due to human interventions.},
  author       = {Missiaen, Tine and Jongepier, Iason and Heirman, Katrien and Soens, Tim and Gelorini, Vanessa and Verniers, Jacques and Verhegge, Jeroen and Cromb{\'e}, Philippe},
  issn         = {0016-7746},
  journal      = {NETHERLANDS JOURNAL OF GEOSCIENCES-GEOLOGIE EN MIJNBOUW},
  keyword      = {Scheldt estuary,palaeogeography,historical maps,peat growth,MESOLITHIC-NEOLITHIC TRANSITION,SEA-LEVEL RISE,MULTI-PROXY,SOUTHWESTERN NETHERLANDS,ENVIRONMENTAL-CHANGE,NW BELGIUM,LAND-USE,RECONSTRUCTION,VEGETATION,DYNAMICS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {35--62},
  title        = {Holocene landscape evolution of an estuarine wetland in relation to its human occupation and exploitation : Waasland Scheldt polders, northern Belgium},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/njg.2016.24},
  volume       = {96},
  year         = {2017},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: