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Ergogenic effect of music during running performance

Edith Van Dyck (UGent) and Marc Leman (UGent)
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Abstract
In running competitions portable music players and headphones are often banned. In some cases, runners have been disqualified after using such devices during competition. In this paper, it is discussed whether, aside from possible safety reasons, such competition regulations make sense and whether music can have an ergogenic effect on performance. Although a definitive conclusion on the regulation matter is not of our concern here, we review evidence of the fact that music is capable of enhancing performance in running and a range of different sports, predominantly for short duration exercise with low-to-medium intensity. The use of music players can be beneficial for training. However, it is reasonable to avoid these devices and headphones in case of championships for professional athletes.
Keywords
Music, Performance, Running, Sports, Portable music players

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MLA
Van Dyck, Edith, and Marc Leman. “Ergogenic Effect of Music During Running Performance.” ANNALS OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND RESEARCH 3.6 (2016): n. pag. Print.
APA
Van Dyck, E., & Leman, M. (2016). Ergogenic effect of music during running performance. ANNALS OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND RESEARCH, 3(6).
Chicago author-date
Van Dyck, Edith, and Marc Leman. 2016. “Ergogenic Effect of Music During Running Performance.” Annals of Sports Medicine and Research 3 (6).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van Dyck, Edith, and Marc Leman. 2016. “Ergogenic Effect of Music During Running Performance.” Annals of Sports Medicine and Research 3 (6).
Vancouver
1.
Van Dyck E, Leman M. Ergogenic effect of music during running performance. ANNALS OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND RESEARCH. 2016;3(6).
IEEE
[1]
E. Van Dyck and M. Leman, “Ergogenic effect of music during running performance,” ANNALS OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND RESEARCH, vol. 3, no. 6, 2016.
@article{8058013,
  abstract     = {In running competitions portable music players and headphones are often banned. In some cases, runners have been disqualified after using such devices during competition. In this paper, it is discussed whether, aside from possible safety reasons, such competition regulations make sense and whether music can have an ergogenic effect on performance. Although a definitive conclusion on the regulation matter is not of our concern here, we review evidence of the fact that music is capable of enhancing performance in running and a range of different sports, predominantly for short duration exercise with low-to-medium intensity. The use of music players can be beneficial for training. However, it is reasonable to avoid these devices and headphones in case of championships for professional athletes.},
  articleno    = {1082},
  author       = {Van Dyck, Edith and Leman, Marc},
  issn         = {2379-0571},
  journal      = {ANNALS OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND RESEARCH},
  keywords     = {Music,Performance,Running,Sports,Portable music players},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {3},
  title        = {Ergogenic effect of music during running performance},
  url          = {https://www.jscimedcentral.com/SportsMedicine/sportsmedicine-3-1082.pdf},
  volume       = {3},
  year         = {2016},
}