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The impact of living lab methodology on open innovation contributions and outcomes

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Abstract
Open innovation scholars as well as practitioners are still struggling with the practical implementation of open innovation principles in different contexts. In this article, we explore the value of a living lab approach for open innovation in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Using a case study approach, we compared 27 SME projects conducted by iMinds Living Labs from 2011 to 2015. The results suggest that a real-life intervention and a multi-method approach – both of which are methodological characteristics of living lab projects – increase the chance of generating actionable user contributions for the innovation under development. Moreover, the results also suggest that a living lab project yields maximal value when evolving from concept towards prototype. Besides these exploratory findings, this article also demonstrates that living lab projects are a perfect "playground" to test and validate assumptions from the open innovation literature.
Keywords
Open Innovation, Living Labs, User Innovation, Innovation Management, Methodology, Impact Assessment

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MLA
Schuurman, Dimitri, Lieven De Marez, and Pieter Ballon. “The Impact of Living Lab Methodology on Open Innovation Contributions and Outcomes.” Ed. Chris McPhee et al. TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION MANAGEMENT REVIEW 6.1 (2016): 7–16. Print.
APA
Schuurman, D., De Marez, L., & Ballon, P. (2016). The impact of living lab methodology on open innovation contributions and outcomes. (C. McPhee, S. Leminen, D. Schuurman, M. Westerlund, & E. Huizingh, Eds.)TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION MANAGEMENT REVIEW, 6(1), 7–16.
Chicago author-date
Schuurman, Dimitri, Lieven De Marez, and Pieter Ballon. 2016. “The Impact of Living Lab Methodology on Open Innovation Contributions and Outcomes.” Ed. Chris McPhee, Seppo Leminen, Dimitri Schuurman, Mika Westerlund, and Eelko Huizingh. Technology Innovation Management Review 6 (1): 7–16.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Schuurman, Dimitri, Lieven De Marez, and Pieter Ballon. 2016. “The Impact of Living Lab Methodology on Open Innovation Contributions and Outcomes.” Ed. Chris McPhee, Seppo Leminen, Dimitri Schuurman, Mika Westerlund, and Eelko Huizingh. Technology Innovation Management Review 6 (1): 7–16.
Vancouver
1.
Schuurman D, De Marez L, Ballon P. The impact of living lab methodology on open innovation contributions and outcomes. McPhee C, Leminen S, Schuurman D, Westerlund M, Huizingh E, editors. TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION MANAGEMENT REVIEW. 2016;6(1):7–16.
IEEE
[1]
D. Schuurman, L. De Marez, and P. Ballon, “The impact of living lab methodology on open innovation contributions and outcomes,” TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION MANAGEMENT REVIEW, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 7–16, 2016.
@article{8049884,
  abstract     = {Open innovation scholars as well as practitioners are still struggling with the practical implementation of open innovation principles in different contexts. In this article, we explore the value of a living lab approach for open innovation in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Using a case study approach, we compared 27 SME projects conducted by iMinds Living Labs from 2011 to 2015. The results suggest that a real-life intervention and a multi-method approach – both of which are methodological characteristics of living lab projects – increase the chance of generating actionable user contributions for the innovation under development. Moreover, the results also suggest that a living lab project yields maximal value when evolving from concept towards prototype. Besides these exploratory findings, this article also demonstrates that living lab projects are a perfect "playground" to test and validate assumptions from the open innovation literature.},
  author       = {Schuurman, Dimitri and De Marez, Lieven and Ballon, Pieter},
  editor       = {McPhee, Chris and Leminen, Seppo and Schuurman, Dimitri and Westerlund, Mika and Huizingh, Eelko},
  issn         = {1927-0321},
  journal      = {TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION MANAGEMENT REVIEW},
  keywords     = {Open Innovation,Living Labs,User Innovation,Innovation Management,Methodology,Impact Assessment},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {7--16},
  title        = {The impact of living lab methodology on open innovation contributions and outcomes},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.22215/timreview/956},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {2016},
}

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