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Opinions of veterinarians on antimicrobial use in farm animals in Flanders and the Netherlands

(2016) VETERINARY RECORD. 179(3).
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Abstract
Veterinarians play an important role in the reduction of antimicrobial use in farm animals. This study aims to quantify opinions of veterinarians from the Netherlands and Flanders regarding antimicrobial use and resistance issues in farm animals. An online survey was sent out to 678 and 1100 farm animal veterinarians in Flanders and the Netherlands, of which 174 and 437 were returned respectively. Suboptimal climate conditions were regarded as the most important cause for high antimicrobial use in farm animals. Flemish veterinarians also regarded insufficient biosecurity measures and farmers' mentality as important determinants, while the Dutch respondents ranked insufficient immunity of young animals and economic considerations of farmers as major causes. The majority of Dutch respondents (63.8 per cent) supported the existing national policy, which aimed to halve veterinary antimicrobial use, while the Flemish (32.9 per cent) were less supportive of such a policy. Improvements in housing and climate conditions, biosecurity measures and strict control of specific infectious diseases were seen as important and promising measures to reduce antimicrobial use. To reduce antimicrobial use in farm animals, some shared approaches might be applicable in both countries. However, cultural, political and societal differences between Flanders and the Netherlands require differentiated approaches to reduce veterinary antimicrobial use.
Keywords
FOOD, PIG, ANTIBIOTIC USE, DECISION-MAKING, PRACTITIONERS, BIOSECURITY, RESISTANCE, EUROPE, DUTCH, PERCEPTIONS

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Postma, Merel et al. “Opinions of Veterinarians on Antimicrobial Use in Farm Animals in Flanders and the Netherlands.” VETERINARY RECORD 179.3 (2016): n. pag. Print.
APA
Postma, M., Speksnijder, D., Jaarsma, A., Verheij, T., Wagenaar, J., & Dewulf, J. (2016). Opinions of veterinarians on antimicrobial use in farm animals in Flanders and the Netherlands. VETERINARY RECORD, 179(3).
Chicago author-date
Postma, Merel, DC Speksnijder, ADC Jaarsma, TJM Verheij, JA Wagenaar, and Jeroen Dewulf. 2016. “Opinions of Veterinarians on Antimicrobial Use in Farm Animals in Flanders and the Netherlands.” Veterinary Record 179 (3).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Postma, Merel, DC Speksnijder, ADC Jaarsma, TJM Verheij, JA Wagenaar, and Jeroen Dewulf. 2016. “Opinions of Veterinarians on Antimicrobial Use in Farm Animals in Flanders and the Netherlands.” Veterinary Record 179 (3).
Vancouver
1.
Postma M, Speksnijder D, Jaarsma A, Verheij T, Wagenaar J, Dewulf J. Opinions of veterinarians on antimicrobial use in farm animals in Flanders and the Netherlands. VETERINARY RECORD. 2016;179(3).
IEEE
[1]
M. Postma, D. Speksnijder, A. Jaarsma, T. Verheij, J. Wagenaar, and J. Dewulf, “Opinions of veterinarians on antimicrobial use in farm animals in Flanders and the Netherlands,” VETERINARY RECORD, vol. 179, no. 3, 2016.
@article{8048044,
  abstract     = {Veterinarians play an important role in the reduction of antimicrobial use in farm animals. This study aims to quantify opinions of veterinarians from the Netherlands and Flanders regarding antimicrobial use and resistance issues in farm animals. An online survey was sent out to 678 and 1100 farm animal veterinarians in Flanders and the Netherlands, of which 174 and 437 were returned respectively. Suboptimal climate conditions were regarded as the most important cause for high antimicrobial use in farm animals. Flemish veterinarians also regarded insufficient biosecurity measures and farmers' mentality as important determinants, while the Dutch respondents ranked insufficient immunity of young animals and economic considerations of farmers as major causes. The majority of Dutch respondents (63.8 per cent) supported the existing national policy, which aimed to halve veterinary antimicrobial use, while the Flemish (32.9 per cent) were less supportive of such a policy. Improvements in housing and climate conditions, biosecurity measures and strict control of specific infectious diseases were seen as important and promising measures to reduce antimicrobial use. To reduce antimicrobial use in farm animals, some shared approaches might be applicable in both countries. However, cultural, political and societal differences between Flanders and the Netherlands require differentiated approaches to reduce veterinary antimicrobial use.},
  articleno    = {68},
  author       = {Postma, Merel and Speksnijder, DC and Jaarsma, ADC and Verheij, TJM and Wagenaar, JA and Dewulf, Jeroen},
  issn         = {0042-4900},
  journal      = {VETERINARY RECORD},
  keywords     = {FOOD,PIG,ANTIBIOTIC USE,DECISION-MAKING,PRACTITIONERS,BIOSECURITY,RESISTANCE,EUROPE,DUTCH,PERCEPTIONS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {10},
  title        = {Opinions of veterinarians on antimicrobial use in farm animals in Flanders and the Netherlands},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.103618},
  volume       = {179},
  year         = {2016},
}

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