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Belgian citizens' and broiler producers' perceptions of broiler chicken welfare in Belgium versus Brazil

Filiep Vanhonacker (UGent) , Frank Tuyttens (UGent) and Wim Verbeke (UGent)
(2016) POULTRY SCIENCE. 95(7). p.1555-1563
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Abstract
New EU regulations require more stringent country-of-origin labeling, while imports of broiler meat from non-EU countries are increasing. In light of these trends, we have studied citizens' and producers' perceptions of broiler meat originating from Belgium versus Brazil and their perception of broiler production in Belgium versus Brazil. A particular focus was the association between country of origin and perceived level of animal welfare. We also investigated the perception of scaling-up and outdoor access in terms of perceived level of animal welfare. Cross-sectional survey data was collected among Flemish citizens (n = 541) and broiler producers (n = 114). In accordance with literature on general farm animal welfare, both stakeholder types claimed to allocate great importance to broiler welfare and generally agreed with the Welfare Quality model of broiler welfare. Citizens disagreed with the producers that 1) consumers are not willing to pay more for higher welfare products, 2) that broilers suffer little, 3) that broiler welfare in current Belgian production units is generally non-problematic, 4) that scaling-up production units would not have a positive impact on profitability nor a profoundly negative impact on broiler welfare, and 5) that the impact of providing broilers with outdoor access is negative for consumers, farmers, and broilers. Country of origin had a strong influence on the perception of both broiler production and broiler meat. Belgian citizens, and producers (much more than citizens) considered nearly all aspects related to broiler production and broiler meat to be significantly superior for chicken produced in Belgium compared to Brazil. Further research should focus on how these perceptions influence purchase intentions and production decisions. Future avenues for research are to quantify market opportunities for country-of-origin labeling and to investigate to which extent stakeholders' perceptions correspond with reality.
Keywords
poultry, FARM-ANIMAL WELFARE, farmer, country of origin, consumer, animal welfare, COUNTRY-OF-ORIGIN, FOOD-PRODUCTS, CONSUMER ATTITUDES, UNITED-STATES, PIG FARMERS, MEAT, HEALTH, BEEF, PREFERENCES

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Chicago
Vanhonacker, Filiep, Frank Tuyttens, and Wim Verbeke. 2016. “Belgian Citizens’ and Broiler Producers' Perceptions of Broiler Chicken Welfare in Belgium Versus Brazil.” Poultry Science 95 (7): 1555–1563.
APA
Vanhonacker, F., Tuyttens, F., & Verbeke, W. (2016). Belgian citizens’ and broiler producers' perceptions of broiler chicken welfare in Belgium versus Brazil. POULTRY SCIENCE, 95(7), 1555–1563.
Vancouver
1.
Vanhonacker F, Tuyttens F, Verbeke W. Belgian citizens’ and broiler producers' perceptions of broiler chicken welfare in Belgium versus Brazil. POULTRY SCIENCE. 2016;95(7):1555–63.
MLA
Vanhonacker, Filiep, Frank Tuyttens, and Wim Verbeke. “Belgian Citizens’ and Broiler Producers' Perceptions of Broiler Chicken Welfare in Belgium Versus Brazil.” POULTRY SCIENCE 95.7 (2016): 1555–1563. Print.
@article{8046026,
  abstract     = {New EU regulations require more stringent country-of-origin labeling, while imports of broiler meat from non-EU countries are increasing. In light of these trends, we have studied citizens' and producers' perceptions of broiler meat originating from Belgium versus Brazil and their perception of broiler production in Belgium versus Brazil. A particular focus was the association between country of origin and perceived level of animal welfare. We also investigated the perception of scaling-up and outdoor access in terms of perceived level of animal welfare. Cross-sectional survey data was collected among Flemish citizens (n = 541) and broiler producers (n = 114). In accordance with literature on general farm animal welfare, both stakeholder types claimed to allocate great importance to broiler welfare and generally agreed with the Welfare Quality model of broiler welfare. Citizens disagreed with the producers that 1) consumers are not willing to pay more for higher welfare products, 2) that broilers suffer little, 3) that broiler welfare in current Belgian production units is generally non-problematic, 4) that scaling-up production units would not have a positive impact on profitability nor a profoundly negative impact on broiler welfare, and 5) that the impact of providing broilers with outdoor access is negative for consumers, farmers, and broilers. Country of origin had a strong influence on the perception of both broiler production and broiler meat. Belgian citizens, and producers (much more than citizens) considered nearly all aspects related to broiler production and broiler meat to be significantly superior for chicken produced in Belgium compared to Brazil. Further research should focus on how these perceptions influence purchase intentions and production decisions. Future avenues for research are to quantify market opportunities for country-of-origin labeling and to investigate to which extent stakeholders' perceptions correspond with reality.},
  author       = {Vanhonacker, Filiep and Tuyttens, Frank and Verbeke, Wim},
  issn         = {0032-5791},
  journal      = {POULTRY SCIENCE},
  keywords     = {poultry,FARM-ANIMAL WELFARE,farmer,country of origin,consumer,animal welfare,COUNTRY-OF-ORIGIN,FOOD-PRODUCTS,CONSUMER ATTITUDES,UNITED-STATES,PIG FARMERS,MEAT,HEALTH,BEEF,PREFERENCES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {1555--1563},
  title        = {Belgian citizens' and broiler producers' perceptions of broiler chicken welfare in Belgium versus Brazil},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3382/ps/pew059},
  volume       = {95},
  year         = {2016},
}

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