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Usability assessment of a virtual globe-based 4D archaeological GIS

Berdien De Roo (UGent) , Jean Bourgeois (UGent) and Philippe De Maeyer (UGent)
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Abstract
Acquired using 3D technologies, archaeological data is increasingly represented via 3D visualizations. For analysing, interpreting and exchanging, these data are unfortunately mostly reduced to two dimensions. Therefore, a 4D archaeological GIS that integrates 3D representations and analytical functionalities will contrib-ute to different parts of the archaeological workflow from fieldwork preparation over analysis to reporting. Such a 4D approach will facilitate better and more in-tegrated insights and allow more complex analyses and interpretations. Incorpo-rating such a 4D archaeological GIS in a web-based environment will even in-crease the benefits as this could function as a virtual workspace. Since virtual globes have proven their capabilities to manage and visualize 3D data in non-expert applications, a prototypical 4D archaeological GIS was developed based on the virtual globe Cesium. This paper demonstrates by means of a usability test with employees of a Flemish archaeological organization that the concept of such a low-threshold application is supported by the intended end-users. Although some usability problems were encountered and the functionalities of the proto-type are rather limited, extending and further developing the system could result in a valuable research tool for archaeology.

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Chicago
De Roo, Berdien, Jean Bourgeois, and Philippe De Maeyer. 2017. “Usability Assessment of a Virtual Globe-based 4D Archaeological GIS.” In Advances in 3D Geoinformation, ed. Alias Abdul-Rahman, 323–335. Cham, Switzerland: Springer.
APA
De Roo, Berdien, Bourgeois, J., & De Maeyer, P. (2017). Usability assessment of a virtual globe-based 4D archaeological GIS. In A. Abdul-Rahman (Ed.), Advances in 3D geoinformation (pp. 323–335). Cham, Switzerland: Springer.
Vancouver
1.
De Roo B, Bourgeois J, De Maeyer P. Usability assessment of a virtual globe-based 4D archaeological GIS. In: Abdul-Rahman A, editor. Advances in 3D geoinformation. Cham, Switzerland: Springer; 2017. p. 323–35.
MLA
De Roo, Berdien, Jean Bourgeois, and Philippe De Maeyer. “Usability Assessment of a Virtual Globe-based 4D Archaeological GIS.” Advances in 3D Geoinformation. Ed. Alias Abdul-Rahman. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2017. 323–335. Print.
@incollection{8042619,
  abstract     = {Acquired using 3D technologies, archaeological data is increasingly represented via 3D visualizations. For analysing, interpreting and exchanging, these data are unfortunately mostly reduced to two dimensions. Therefore, a 4D archaeological GIS that integrates 3D representations and analytical functionalities will contrib-ute to different parts of the archaeological workflow from fieldwork preparation over analysis to reporting. Such a 4D approach will facilitate better and more in-tegrated insights and allow more complex analyses and interpretations. Incorpo-rating such a 4D archaeological GIS in a web-based environment will even in-crease the benefits as this could function as a virtual workspace. Since virtual globes have proven their capabilities to manage and visualize 3D data in non-expert applications, a prototypical 4D archaeological GIS was developed based on the virtual globe Cesium. This paper demonstrates by means of a usability test with employees of a Flemish archaeological organization that the concept of such a low-threshold application is supported by the intended end-users. Although some usability problems were encountered and the functionalities of the proto-type are rather limited, extending and further developing the system could result in a valuable research tool for archaeology.},
  author       = {De Roo, Berdien and Bourgeois, Jean and De Maeyer, Philippe},
  booktitle    = {Advances in 3D geoinformation},
  editor       = {Abdul-Rahman, Alias},
  isbn         = {9783319256917},
  issn         = {1863-2246},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {323--335},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography},
  title        = {Usability assessment of a virtual globe-based 4D archaeological GIS},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-25691-7\_18},
  year         = {2017},
}

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