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Abstract
This study tested for similarities and differences across societies in self-ratings of problems, personal strengths, and aspects of adaptive functioning on the Adult Self- Report (ASR) for nonclinical samples of adults ages 18 to 59 in 17 societies (N _ 10,197). Results indicated considerable consistency across societies regarding mean ratings on the ASR problem items. Most effect sizes (ESs) for societal differences in problem scales were small (2–5%). Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) analyses indicated that culture clusters and society accounted for small percentages of variance in Internalizing, Externalizing, and Total Problems scores, with most of the variation accounted for by individual differences within societies. In contrast to the small effects of society on problem scores, for the ASR Personal Strengths scale the societal ES was 34% and culture cluster accounted for 12% of the variance. Worse reported relations with spouse/partner were associated with higher problem scores. Overall, findings indicated considerable similarity but also some important differences in self-reported problems and adaptive functioning across 17 societies.
Keywords
ASR, cross-cultural, international, comparisons, adult psychopathology, self-reported problems

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Rescorla, Leslie et al. “Problems and Adaptive Functioning Reported by Adults in 17 Societies.” INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVES IN PSYCHOLOGY 5.2 (2016): 91–109. Print.
APA
Rescorla, L., Achenbach, T., Ivanova, M., Turner, L., Althoff, R., Árnadóttir, H. A., Au, A., et al. (2016). Problems and adaptive functioning reported by adults in 17 societies. INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVES IN PSYCHOLOGY, 5(2), 91–109.
Chicago author-date
Rescorla, Leslie, Thomas Achenbach, Masha Ivanova, Lori Turner, Robert Althoff, Hervör Alma Árnadóttir, Alma Au, et al. 2016. “Problems and Adaptive Functioning Reported by Adults in 17 Societies.” International Perspectives in Psychology 5 (2): 91–109.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Rescorla, Leslie, Thomas Achenbach, Masha Ivanova, Lori Turner, Robert Althoff, Hervör Alma Árnadóttir, Alma Au, Monica Bellina, JC Caldas, Yi-Chuen Chen, Ladislav Csemy, Marina da Rocha, Jeroen Decoster, Johnny Fontaine, Yasuko Funabiki, Halldór Guðmundsson, Valerie Harder, Young Ah Kim, Patrick Leung, David Ndetei, Jelena Maraš, Jasminka Marković, Kyung Ja Oh, Virginia Samaniego, Sandra Sebre, Edwiges Silvares, Roma Simulioniene, Elvisa Sokoli, Natalia Vazquez, and Ewa Zasepa. 2016. “Problems and Adaptive Functioning Reported by Adults in 17 Societies.” International Perspectives in Psychology 5 (2): 91–109.
Vancouver
1.
Rescorla L, Achenbach T, Ivanova M, Turner L, Althoff R, Árnadóttir HA, et al. Problems and adaptive functioning reported by adults in 17 societies. INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVES IN PSYCHOLOGY. American Psychological Association; 2016;5(2):91–109.
IEEE
[1]
L. Rescorla et al., “Problems and adaptive functioning reported by adults in 17 societies,” INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVES IN PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 91–109, 2016.
@article{8033328,
  abstract     = {This study tested for similarities and differences across societies in self-ratings of problems, personal strengths, and aspects of adaptive functioning on the Adult Self- Report (ASR) for nonclinical samples of adults ages 18 to 59 in 17 societies (N _ 10,197). Results indicated considerable consistency across societies regarding mean ratings on the ASR problem items. Most effect sizes (ESs) for societal differences in problem scales were small (2–5%). Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) analyses indicated that culture clusters and society accounted for small percentages of variance in Internalizing, Externalizing, and Total Problems scores, with most of the variation accounted for by individual differences within societies. In contrast to the small effects of society on problem scores, for the ASR Personal Strengths scale the societal ES was 34% and culture cluster accounted for 12% of the variance. Worse reported relations with spouse/partner were associated with higher problem scores. Overall, findings indicated considerable similarity but also some important differences in self-reported problems and adaptive functioning across 17 societies.},
  author       = {Rescorla, Leslie and Achenbach, Thomas and Ivanova, Masha and Turner, Lori and Althoff, Robert and Árnadóttir, Hervör Alma and Au, Alma and Bellina, Monica and Caldas, JC and Chen, Yi-Chuen and Csemy, Ladislav and da Rocha, Marina and Decoster, Jeroen and Fontaine, Johnny and Funabiki, Yasuko and Guðmundsson, Halldór and Harder, Valerie and Kim, Young Ah and Leung, Patrick and Ndetei, David and Maraš, Jelena and Marković, Jasminka and Oh, Kyung Ja and Samaniego, Virginia and Sebre, Sandra and Silvares, Edwiges and Simulioniene, Roma and Sokoli, Elvisa and Vazquez, Natalia and Zasepa, Ewa},
  issn         = {2157-3883},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVES IN PSYCHOLOGY},
  keywords     = {ASR,cross-cultural,international,comparisons,adult psychopathology,self-reported problems},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {91--109},
  publisher    = {American Psychological Association},
  title        = {Problems and adaptive functioning reported by adults in 17 societies},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ipp0000046},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2016},
}

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