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Abstract
Swine influenza presents a substantial disease burden for pig populations worldwide and poses a potential pandemic threat to humans. There is considerable diversity in both H1 and H3 influenza viruses circulating in swine due to the frequent introductions of viruses from humans and birds coupled with geographic segregation of global swine populations. Much of this diversity is characterized genetically but the antigenic diversity of these viruses is poorly understood. Critically, the antigenic diversity shapes the risk profile of swine influenza viruses in terms of their epizootic and pandemic potential. Here, using the most comprehensive set of swine influenza virus antigenic data compiled to date, we quantify the antigenic diversity of swine influenza viruses on a multi-continental scale. The substantial antigenic diversity of recently circulating viruses in different parts of the world adds complexity to the risk profiles for the movement of swine and the potential for swine-derived infections in humans.
Keywords
HUMAN-ORIGIN, COUNTY FAIR, EUROPEAN SWINE, A(H1N1)PDM09 VIRUS, GENETIC EVOLUTION, H3N2 VIRUS, UNITED-STATES, EURASIAN AVIAN-LIKE, BINDING SITE DETERMINE, PANDEMIC H1N1 INFLUENZA

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Lewis, Nicola S, Colin A Russell, Pinky Langat, Tavis K Anderson, Kathryn Berger, Filip Bielejec, David F Burke, et al. 2016. “The Global Antigenic Diversity of Swine Influenza A Viruses.” Elife 5.
APA
Lewis, N. S., Russell, C. A., Langat, P., Anderson, T. K., Berger, K., Bielejec, F., Burke, D. F., et al. (2016). The global antigenic diversity of swine influenza A viruses. ELIFE, 5.
Vancouver
1.
Lewis NS, Russell CA, Langat P, Anderson TK, Berger K, Bielejec F, et al. The global antigenic diversity of swine influenza A viruses. ELIFE. 2016;5.
MLA
Lewis, Nicola S, Colin A Russell, Pinky Langat, et al. “The Global Antigenic Diversity of Swine Influenza A Viruses.” ELIFE 5 (2016): n. pag. Print.
@article{8032284,
  abstract     = {Swine influenza presents a substantial disease burden for pig populations worldwide and poses a potential pandemic threat to humans. There is considerable diversity in both H1 and H3 influenza viruses circulating in swine due to the frequent introductions of viruses from humans and birds coupled with geographic segregation of global swine populations. Much of this diversity is characterized genetically but the antigenic diversity of these viruses is poorly understood. Critically, the antigenic diversity shapes the risk profile of swine influenza viruses in terms of their epizootic and pandemic potential. Here, using the most comprehensive set of swine influenza virus antigenic data compiled to date, we quantify the antigenic diversity of swine influenza viruses on a multi-continental scale. The substantial antigenic diversity of recently circulating viruses in different parts of the world adds complexity to the risk profiles for the movement of swine and the potential for swine-derived infections in humans.},
  articleno    = {e12217},
  author       = {Lewis, Nicola S and Russell, Colin A and Langat, Pinky and Anderson, Tavis K and Berger, Kathryn and Bielejec, Filip and Burke, David F and Dudas, Gytis and Fonville, Judith M and Fouchier, Ron AM and Kellam, Paul and Koel, Bjorn F and Lemey, Philippe and Nguyen, Tung and Nuansrichy, Bundit and Peiris, JS Malik and Saito, Takehiko and Simon, Gaelle and Skepner, Eugene and Takemae, Nobuhiro and Webby, Richard J and Van Reeth, Kristien and Brookes, Sharon M and Larsen, Lars and Watson, Simon J and Brown, Ian H and Vincent, Amy L},
  issn         = {2050-084X},
  journal      = {ELIFE},
  keyword      = {HUMAN-ORIGIN,COUNTY FAIR,EUROPEAN SWINE,A(H1N1)PDM09 VIRUS,GENETIC EVOLUTION,H3N2 VIRUS,UNITED-STATES,EURASIAN AVIAN-LIKE,BINDING SITE DETERMINE,PANDEMIC H1N1 INFLUENZA},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {17},
  title        = {The global antigenic diversity of swine influenza A viruses},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.12217},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2016},
}

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