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The cereal type in feed influences Salmonella enteritidis colonization in broilers

(2009) POULTRY SCIENCE. 88(10). p.2108-2112
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Abstract
A study was conducted to analyze the effect of the cereal type in the diet on the susceptibility for Salmonella Enteritidis in broilers. In the first experiment, 40 newly hatched broiler chicks were randomly assigned to 4 different experimental treatment groups. Two treatment groups were fed a maize-soybean-based diet, of which one contained 100 mg/kg of the antibiotic growth promoter zinc bacitracin. The 2 other treatment groups were fed a wheat/rye-soybean-based diet, of which one was supplemented with 100 mg/kg of zinc bacitracin. The broilers were inoculated with Salmonella Enteritidis at d 11 and killed at d 15. When the nonantibiotic-and the antibiotic-treated birds were pooled, the Salmonella colonization in the spleen and ceca of the birds fed a maize-based diet was significantly lower in comparison to colonization of spleen and ceca in the wheat/rye groups. Zinc bacitracin did not affect Salmonella colonization. In a second experiment, which was a modified repetition of the first experiment, 120 newly hatched broiler chicks were randomly assigned to 2 experimental treatments. They were fed a maize-soybean or a wheat/rye-soybean based diet, inoculated with Salmonella Enteritidis at d 11, and killed at d 15. A significantly lower Salmonella colonization was observed in the spleen, liver, and ceca of broilers given a maize-based diet in comparison to those given a wheat/rye-based diet. These data show that the cereal type in broiler feed can affect Salmonella colonization probably due to changes in intestinal health of the birds. Hence, altering the diet composition can be regarded as a simple tool to supplement other control measures against Salmonella in broilers.
Keywords
CHICKENS, BUTYRATE, WHOLE WHEAT, PARTICLE-SIZE, Salmonella Enteritidis, cereal type, broiler, FERMENTATION, TYPHIMURIUM, DIETS, INFECTION

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Chicago
Teirlynck, Emma, Freddy Haesebrouck, Frank Pasmans, Jeroen Dewulf, Richard Ducatelle, and Filip Van Immerseel. 2009. “The Cereal Type in Feed Influences Salmonella Enteritidis Colonization in Broilers.” Poultry Science 88 (10): 2108–2112.
APA
Teirlynck, Emma, Haesebrouck, F., Pasmans, F., Dewulf, J., Ducatelle, R., & Van Immerseel, F. (2009). The cereal type in feed influences Salmonella enteritidis colonization in broilers. POULTRY SCIENCE, 88(10), 2108–2112.
Vancouver
1.
Teirlynck E, Haesebrouck F, Pasmans F, Dewulf J, Ducatelle R, Van Immerseel F. The cereal type in feed influences Salmonella enteritidis colonization in broilers. POULTRY SCIENCE. 2009;88(10):2108–12.
MLA
Teirlynck, Emma, Freddy Haesebrouck, Frank Pasmans, et al. “The Cereal Type in Feed Influences Salmonella Enteritidis Colonization in Broilers.” POULTRY SCIENCE 88.10 (2009): 2108–2112. Print.
@article{799486,
  abstract     = {A study was conducted to analyze the effect of the cereal type in the diet on the susceptibility for Salmonella Enteritidis in broilers. In the first experiment, 40 newly hatched broiler chicks were randomly assigned to 4 different experimental treatment groups. Two treatment groups were fed a maize-soybean-based diet, of which one contained 100 mg/kg of the antibiotic growth promoter zinc bacitracin. The 2 other treatment groups were fed a wheat/rye-soybean-based diet, of which one was supplemented with 100 mg/kg of zinc bacitracin. The broilers were inoculated with Salmonella Enteritidis at d 11 and killed at d 15. When the nonantibiotic-and the antibiotic-treated birds were pooled, the Salmonella colonization in the spleen and ceca of the birds fed a maize-based diet was significantly lower in comparison to colonization of spleen and ceca in the wheat/rye groups. Zinc bacitracin did not affect Salmonella colonization. In a second experiment, which was a modified repetition of the first experiment, 120 newly hatched broiler chicks were randomly assigned to 2 experimental treatments. They were fed a maize-soybean or a wheat/rye-soybean based diet, inoculated with Salmonella Enteritidis at d 11, and killed at d 15. A significantly lower Salmonella colonization was observed in the spleen, liver, and ceca of broilers given a maize-based diet in comparison to those given a wheat/rye-based diet. These data show that the cereal type in broiler feed can affect Salmonella colonization probably due to changes in intestinal health of the birds. Hence, altering the diet composition can be regarded as a simple tool to supplement other control measures against Salmonella in broilers.},
  author       = {Teirlynck, Emma and Haesebrouck, Freddy and Pasmans, Frank and Dewulf, Jeroen and Ducatelle, Richard and Van Immerseel, Filip},
  issn         = {0032-5791},
  journal      = {POULTRY SCIENCE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {2108--2112},
  title        = {The cereal type in feed influences Salmonella enteritidis colonization in broilers},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3382/ps.2009-00236},
  volume       = {88},
  year         = {2009},
}

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