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Appropriate rehabilitation strategy for a traditional irrigation supply system: a case from the Babai area in Nepal

Binod Adhikari UGent, Ronny Verhoeven UGent and Peter Troch UGent (2009) WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. 60(11). p.2819-2828
abstract
This paper studies primary canals of three traditional irrigation systems in the southern plains of Nepal. It offers a scientific interpretation of the indigenous technology applied to the systems, which facilitates to use the same channel network for irrigation, drainage and flood management. The flood management technology of the farmers by diverting as much discharge as possible to the field channels results in the reduction of discharge towards the downstream part of the main channel. It is depicted in the simulation study that uses the river analysis program HEC-RAS 4.0. A cascade of weirs is found to be the most cost effective and user-friendly option to upgrade these systems preserving the existing irrigation, drainage as well as flood management functions. This study suggests that the conventional irrigation design principles should be applied very cautiously with full knowledge of the existing socio-institutional setting, hydro-ecological regime and indigenous technology for upgrading any traditional irrigation system successfully. The indigenous flood management technology strengthens the emerging concept that the floods in the Ganges plain are to be managed, not controlled.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
indigenous technology, socio-institutional setting, hydro-ecological regime, Flood management, traditional irrigation system
journal title
WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Water Sci. Technol.
volume
60
issue
11
pages
2819 - 2828
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000272452900010
JCR category
WATER RESOURCES
JCR impact factor
1.094 (2009)
JCR rank
36/64 (2009)
JCR quartile
3 (2009)
ISSN
0273-1223
DOI
10.2166/wst.2009.721
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
789769
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-789769
date created
2009-11-25 14:45:13
date last changed
2009-12-21 10:54:10
@article{789769,
  abstract     = {This paper studies primary canals of three traditional irrigation systems in the southern plains of Nepal. It offers a scientific interpretation of the indigenous technology applied to the systems, which facilitates to use the same channel network for irrigation, drainage and flood management. The flood management technology of the farmers by diverting as much discharge as possible to the field channels results in the reduction of discharge towards the downstream part of the main channel. It is depicted in the simulation study that uses the river analysis program HEC-RAS 4.0. A cascade of weirs is found to be the most cost effective and user-friendly option to upgrade these systems preserving the existing irrigation, drainage as well as flood management functions. This study suggests that the conventional irrigation design principles should be applied very cautiously with full knowledge of the existing socio-institutional setting, hydro-ecological regime and indigenous technology for upgrading any traditional irrigation system successfully. The indigenous flood management technology strengthens the emerging concept that the floods in the Ganges plain are to be managed, not controlled.},
  author       = {Adhikari, Binod and Verhoeven, Ronny and Troch, Peter},
  issn         = {0273-1223},
  journal      = {WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY},
  keyword      = {indigenous technology,socio-institutional setting,hydro-ecological regime,Flood management,traditional irrigation system},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {2819--2828},
  title        = {Appropriate rehabilitation strategy for a traditional irrigation supply system: a case from the Babai area in Nepal},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wst.2009.721},
  volume       = {60},
  year         = {2009},
}

Chicago
Adhikari, Binod, Ronny Verhoeven, and Peter Troch. 2009. “Appropriate Rehabilitation Strategy for a Traditional Irrigation Supply System: a Case from the Babai Area in Nepal.” Water Science and Technology 60 (11): 2819–2828.
APA
Adhikari, B., Verhoeven, R., & Troch, P. (2009). Appropriate rehabilitation strategy for a traditional irrigation supply system: a case from the Babai area in Nepal. WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 60(11), 2819–2828.
Vancouver
1.
Adhikari B, Verhoeven R, Troch P. Appropriate rehabilitation strategy for a traditional irrigation supply system: a case from the Babai area in Nepal. WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. 2009;60(11):2819–28.
MLA
Adhikari, Binod, Ronny Verhoeven, and Peter Troch. “Appropriate Rehabilitation Strategy for a Traditional Irrigation Supply System: a Case from the Babai Area in Nepal.” WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 60.11 (2009): 2819–2828. Print.