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Emotional facial expressions and the attentional blink: attenuated blink for angry and happy faces irrespective of social anxiety

(2009) COGNITION & EMOTION. 23(8). p.1640-1652
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Abstract
Although facial information is distributed over spatial as well as temporal domains, thus far research on selective attention to disapproving faces has concentrated predominantly on the spatial domain. This study examined the temporal characteristics of visual attention towards facial expressions by presenting a Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (RSVP) paradigm to high (n=33) and low (n=34) socially anxious women. Neutral letter stimuli (p, q, d, b) were presented as the first target (T1), and emotional faces (neutral, happy, angry) as the second target (T2). Irrespective of social anxiety, the attentional blink was attenuated for emotional faces. Emotional faces as T2 did not influence identification accuracy of a preceding (neutral) target. The relatively low threshold for the (explicit) identification of emotional expressions is consistent with the view that emotional facial expressions are processed relatively efficiently.
Keywords
Facial expressions, Social phobia, Temporal attention, Attentional bias, AWARENESS, DISPLAYS, PHOBICS, TASK, SERIAL VISUAL PRESENTATION, Emotional expressions, Attentional blink

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Citation

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MLA
de Jong, Peter J et al. “Emotional Facial Expressions and the Attentional Blink: Attenuated Blink for Angry and Happy Faces Irrespective of Social Anxiety.” COGNITION & EMOTION 23.8 (2009): 1640–1652. Print.
APA
de Jong, P. J., Koster, E., van Wees, R., & Martens, S. (2009). Emotional facial expressions and the attentional blink: attenuated blink for angry and happy faces irrespective of social anxiety. COGNITION & EMOTION, 23(8), 1640–1652.
Chicago author-date
de Jong, Peter J, Ernst Koster, Rineke van Wees, and Sander Martens. 2009. “Emotional Facial Expressions and the Attentional Blink: Attenuated Blink for Angry and Happy Faces Irrespective of Social Anxiety.” Cognition & Emotion 23 (8): 1640–1652.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
de Jong, Peter J, Ernst Koster, Rineke van Wees, and Sander Martens. 2009. “Emotional Facial Expressions and the Attentional Blink: Attenuated Blink for Angry and Happy Faces Irrespective of Social Anxiety.” Cognition & Emotion 23 (8): 1640–1652.
Vancouver
1.
de Jong PJ, Koster E, van Wees R, Martens S. Emotional facial expressions and the attentional blink: attenuated blink for angry and happy faces irrespective of social anxiety. COGNITION & EMOTION. 2009;23(8):1640–52.
IEEE
[1]
P. J. de Jong, E. Koster, R. van Wees, and S. Martens, “Emotional facial expressions and the attentional blink: attenuated blink for angry and happy faces irrespective of social anxiety,” COGNITION & EMOTION, vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 1640–1652, 2009.
@article{789116,
  abstract     = {Although facial information is distributed over spatial as well as temporal domains, thus far research on selective attention to disapproving faces has concentrated predominantly on the spatial domain. This study examined the temporal characteristics of visual attention towards facial expressions by presenting a Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (RSVP) paradigm to high (n=33) and low (n=34) socially anxious women. Neutral letter stimuli (p, q, d, b) were presented as the first target (T1), and emotional faces (neutral, happy, angry) as the second target (T2). Irrespective of social anxiety, the attentional blink was attenuated for emotional faces. Emotional faces as T2 did not influence identification accuracy of a preceding (neutral) target. The relatively low threshold for the (explicit) identification of emotional expressions is consistent with the view that emotional facial expressions are processed relatively efficiently.},
  author       = {de Jong, Peter J and Koster, Ernst and van Wees, Rineke and Martens, Sander},
  issn         = {0269-9931},
  journal      = {COGNITION & EMOTION},
  keywords     = {Facial expressions,Social phobia,Temporal attention,Attentional bias,AWARENESS,DISPLAYS,PHOBICS,TASK,SERIAL VISUAL PRESENTATION,Emotional expressions,Attentional blink},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {1640--1652},
  title        = {Emotional facial expressions and the attentional blink: attenuated blink for angry and happy faces irrespective of social anxiety},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699930802490227},
  volume       = {23},
  year         = {2009},
}

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