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Preventing socioeconomic inequalities in health behaviour in adolescents in Europe: Background, design and methods of project TEENAGE

(2009) BMC PUBLIC HEALTH. 9(AR125). p.AR125-1-AR125-10
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Abstract
Background: Higher prevalence rates of unhealthy behaviours among lower socioeconomic groups contribute substantially to socioeconomic inequalities in health in adults. Preventing the development of these inequalities in unhealthy behaviours early in life is an important strategy to tackle socioeconomic inequalities in health. Little is known however, about health promotion strategies particularly effective in lower socioeconomic groups in youth. It is the purpose of project TEENAGE to improve knowledge on the prevention of socioeconomic inequalities in physical activity, diet, smoking and alcohol consumption among adolescents in Europe. This paper describes the background, design and methods to be used in the project. Methods/design: Through a systematic literature search, existing interventions aimed at promoting physical activity, a healthy diet, preventing the uptake of smoking or alcohol, and evaluated in the general adolescent population in Europe will be identified. Studies in which indicators of socioeconomic position are included will be reanalysed by socioeconomic position. Results of such stratified analyses will be summarised by type of behaviour, across behaviours by type of intervention (health education, environmental interventions and policies) and by setting (individual, household, school, and neighbourhood). In addition, the degree to which effective interventions can be transferred to other European countries will be assessed. Discussion: Although it is sometimes assumed that some health promotion strategies may be particularly effective in higher socioeconomic groups, thereby increasing socioeconomic inequalities in health-related behaviour, there is little knowledge about differential effects of health promotion across socioeconomic groups. Synthesizing stratified analyses of a number of interventions conducted in the general adolescent population may offer an efficient guidance for the development of strategies and interventions to prevent socioeconomic inequalities in health early in life.
Keywords
Follow-up, Smoking, Body-mass index, Cause-specific mortality, Risk-factors, Social-class, Physical-activity, Folic-acid, US adolescents, Educational inequalities

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MLA
van Lenthe, Frank et al. “Preventing Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health Behaviour in Adolescents in Europe: Background, Design and Methods of Project TEENAGE.” BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 9.AR125 (2009): AR125–1–AR125–10. Print.
APA
van Lenthe, F., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Klepp, K.-I., Lien, N., Moore, L., Faggiano, F., Kunst, A., et al. (2009). Preventing socioeconomic inequalities in health behaviour in adolescents in Europe: Background, design and methods of project TEENAGE. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, 9(AR125), AR125–1–AR125–10.
Chicago author-date
van Lenthe, Frank, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Knut-Inge Klepp, Nanna Lien, Laurence Moore, Fabrizio Faggiano, Anton Kunst, and Johan Mackenbach. 2009. “Preventing Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health Behaviour in Adolescents in Europe: Background, Design and Methods of Project TEENAGE.” Bmc Public Health 9 (AR125): AR125–1–AR125–10.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
van Lenthe, Frank, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Knut-Inge Klepp, Nanna Lien, Laurence Moore, Fabrizio Faggiano, Anton Kunst, and Johan Mackenbach. 2009. “Preventing Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health Behaviour in Adolescents in Europe: Background, Design and Methods of Project TEENAGE.” Bmc Public Health 9 (AR125): AR125–1–AR125–10.
Vancouver
1.
van Lenthe F, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Klepp K-I, Lien N, Moore L, Faggiano F, et al. Preventing socioeconomic inequalities in health behaviour in adolescents in Europe: Background, design and methods of project TEENAGE. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH. CURRENT SCIENCE GROUP, MIDDLESEX HOUSE, 34-42 CLEVELAND ST, LONDON W1T 4LB, ENGLAND: BIOMED CENTRAL; 2009;9(AR125):AR125–1–AR125–10.
IEEE
[1]
F. van Lenthe et al., “Preventing socioeconomic inequalities in health behaviour in adolescents in Europe: Background, design and methods of project TEENAGE,” BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 9, no. AR125, pp. AR125-1-AR125-10, 2009.
@article{788368,
  abstract     = {Background: Higher prevalence rates of unhealthy behaviours among lower socioeconomic groups contribute substantially to socioeconomic inequalities in health in adults. Preventing the development of these inequalities in unhealthy behaviours early in life is an important strategy to tackle socioeconomic inequalities in health. Little is known however, about health promotion strategies particularly effective in lower socioeconomic groups in youth. It is the purpose of project TEENAGE to improve knowledge on the prevention of socioeconomic inequalities in physical activity, diet, smoking and alcohol consumption among adolescents in Europe. This paper describes the background, design and methods to be used in the project.
Methods/design: Through a systematic literature search, existing interventions aimed at promoting physical activity, a healthy diet, preventing the uptake of smoking or alcohol, and evaluated in the general adolescent population in Europe will be identified. Studies in which indicators of socioeconomic position are included will be reanalysed by socioeconomic position. Results of such stratified analyses will be summarised by type of behaviour, across behaviours by type of intervention (health education, environmental interventions and policies) and by setting (individual, household, school, and neighbourhood). In addition, the degree to which effective interventions can be transferred to other European countries will be assessed.

Discussion: Although it is sometimes assumed that some health promotion strategies may be particularly effective in higher socioeconomic groups, thereby increasing socioeconomic inequalities in health-related behaviour, there is little knowledge about differential effects of health promotion across socioeconomic groups. Synthesizing stratified analyses of a number of interventions conducted in the general adolescent population may offer an efficient guidance for the development of strategies and interventions to prevent socioeconomic inequalities in health early in life.},
  author       = {van Lenthe, Frank and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Klepp, Knut-Inge and Lien, Nanna and Moore, Laurence and Faggiano, Fabrizio and Kunst, Anton and Mackenbach, Johan},
  issn         = {1471-2458},
  journal      = {BMC PUBLIC HEALTH},
  keywords     = {Follow-up,Smoking,Body-mass index,Cause-specific mortality,Risk-factors,Social-class,Physical-activity,Folic-acid,US adolescents,Educational inequalities},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {AR125},
  pages        = {AR125-1--AR125-10},
  publisher    = {BIOMED CENTRAL},
  title        = {Preventing socioeconomic inequalities in health behaviour in adolescents in Europe: Background, design and methods of project TEENAGE},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-9-125},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2009},
}

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