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Balance and postural skills in normal-weight and overweight prepubertal boys

Benedicte Deforche UGent, Andrew Hills, Charles Worringham, Peter Davies, Alexia Murphy, Jacques Bouckaert UGent and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij UGent (2009) INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OBESITY. 4(3). p.175-182
abstract
Objective. This study investigated differences in balance and postural skills in normal-weight versus overweight prepubertal boys. Methods. Fifty-seven 8-10-year-old boys were categorized overweight (N = 25) or normal-weight (N = 32) according to the International Obesity Task Force cut-off points for overweight in children. The Balance Master, a computerized pressure plate system, was used to objectively measure six balance skills: sit-to-stand, walk, step up/over, tandem walk (walking on a line), unilateral stance and limits of stability. In addition, three standardized field tests were employed: standing on one leg on a balance beam, walking heel-to-toe along the beam and the multiple sit-to-stand test. Results. Overweight boys showed poorer performances on several items assessed on the Balance Master. Overweight boys had slower weight transfer (p 0.05), lower rising index (p 0.05) and greater sway velocity (p 0.001) in the sit-to-stand test, greater step width while walking (p 0.05) and lower speed when walking on a line (p 0.01) compared with normal-weight counterparts. Performance on the step up/over test, the unilateral stance and the limits of stability were comparable between both groups. On the balance beam, overweight boys could not hold their balance on one leg as long (p 0.001) and had fewer correct steps in the heel-to-toe test (p 0.001) than normal-weight boys. Finally, overweight boys were slower in standing up and sitting down five times in the multiple sit-to-stand task (p 0.01). Conclusion. This study demonstrates that when categorised by body mass index (BMI) level, overweight prepubertal boys displayed lower capacity on several static and dynamic balance and postural skills.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Children, Balance, Daily living activities, Overweight, Postural control, Air-displacement plethysmography, Test-retest reliability, Cerebral-palsy, To-stand movement, Obese children, Body-composition, Gait, Foot placement, Adiposity, Values
journal title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OBESITY
Int. J. Pediatr. Obes.
volume
4
issue
3
pages
175 - 182
publisher
TAYLOR & FRANCIS
place of publication
325 CHESTNUT ST, SUITE 800, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19106 USA
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000268832500007
JCR category
PEDIATRICS
JCR impact factor
2.186 (2009)
JCR rank
22/94 (2009)
JCR quartile
1 (2009)
ISSN
1747-7166
DOI
10.1080/17477160802468470
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
id
788265
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-788265
date created
2009-11-24 10:13:14
date last changed
2015-06-17 11:18:39
@article{788265,
  abstract     = {Objective. This study investigated differences in balance and postural skills in normal-weight versus overweight prepubertal boys. Methods. Fifty-seven 8-10-year-old boys were categorized overweight (N = 25) or normal-weight (N = 32) according to the International Obesity Task Force cut-off points for overweight in children. The Balance Master, a computerized pressure plate system, was used to objectively measure six balance skills: sit-to-stand, walk, step up/over, tandem walk (walking on a line), unilateral stance and limits of stability. In addition, three standardized field tests were employed: standing on one leg on a balance beam, walking heel-to-toe along the beam and the multiple sit-to-stand test. Results. Overweight boys showed poorer performances on several items assessed on the Balance Master. Overweight boys had slower weight transfer (p 0.05), lower rising index (p 0.05) and greater sway velocity (p 0.001) in the sit-to-stand test, greater step width while walking (p 0.05) and lower speed when walking on a line (p 0.01) compared with normal-weight counterparts. Performance on the step up/over test, the unilateral stance and the limits of stability were comparable between both groups. On the balance beam, overweight boys could not hold their balance on one leg as long (p 0.001) and had fewer correct steps in the heel-to-toe test (p 0.001) than normal-weight boys. Finally, overweight boys were slower in standing up and sitting down five times in the multiple sit-to-stand task (p 0.01). Conclusion. This study demonstrates that when categorised by body mass index (BMI) level, overweight prepubertal boys displayed lower capacity on several static and dynamic balance and postural skills.},
  author       = {Deforche, Benedicte and Hills, Andrew and Worringham, Charles and Davies, Peter and Murphy, Alexia and Bouckaert, Jacques and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse},
  issn         = {1747-7166},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OBESITY},
  keyword      = {Children,Balance,Daily living activities,Overweight,Postural control,Air-displacement plethysmography,Test-retest reliability,Cerebral-palsy,To-stand movement,Obese children,Body-composition,Gait,Foot placement,Adiposity,Values},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {175--182},
  publisher    = {TAYLOR \& FRANCIS},
  title        = {Balance and postural skills in normal-weight and overweight prepubertal boys},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17477160802468470},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2009},
}

Chicago
Deforche, Benedicte, Andrew Hills, Charles Worringham, Peter Davies, Alexia Murphy, Jacques Bouckaert, and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij. 2009. “Balance and Postural Skills in Normal-weight and Overweight Prepubertal Boys.” International Journal of Pediatric Obesity 4 (3): 175–182.
APA
Deforche, B., Hills, A., Worringham, C., Davies, P., Murphy, A., Bouckaert, J., & De Bourdeaudhuij, I. (2009). Balance and postural skills in normal-weight and overweight prepubertal boys. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OBESITY, 4(3), 175–182.
Vancouver
1.
Deforche B, Hills A, Worringham C, Davies P, Murphy A, Bouckaert J, et al. Balance and postural skills in normal-weight and overweight prepubertal boys. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OBESITY. 325 CHESTNUT ST, SUITE 800, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19106 USA: TAYLOR & FRANCIS; 2009;4(3):175–82.
MLA
Deforche, Benedicte, Andrew Hills, Charles Worringham, et al. “Balance and Postural Skills in Normal-weight and Overweight Prepubertal Boys.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OBESITY 4.3 (2009): 175–182. Print.