Ghent University Academic Bibliography

Advanced

Association between chronic stress and body composition in European adolescents

Tineke De Vriendt UGent, Els Clays UGent, Dénes Molnár, Elpida Papadantonaki, German Vicente-Rodriguez, Luis A Moreno, Sabine Dietrich, Patrick Bergman, Michael Sjöstrom and Stefaan De Henauw UGent (2009) Obesity Facts. 2(Suppl 2). p.115-116
abstract
Introduction: The present study investigated the association between the experience of stress and body composition among European adolescents. Methods: Results are based on observations in the HELENA study. Participants were 1141 adolescents (43.0% male, 12.5-17.5 years) from six European centres (Ghent, Zaragoza, Athens, Stockholm, Vienna, Pecs). Respondents completed the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire, containing 10 subscales that represent different dimensions of stress: home life (HL), school performance (SP), school attendance (SA), romantic relationships (RR), peer pressure (PP), teacher interaction (TI), future uncertainty (FU), school-leisure conflict (SLC), financial pressure (FP) and emerging adult responsibility (EAR). The population was divided in tertiles according to the total score (TS) and subscales. Height, weight, skinfold thicknesses (biceps, triceps, subscapular, suprailiac, thigh, calf) and circumferences (arm, biceps, waist, hip, thigh) were measured. Body mass index (BMI), sum of skinfolds (SS) and body fat percentage (BF%) were calculated. Results: Adolescents in the highest tertile of TS and most subscales showed, compared to those in the lowest tertile, significantly higher means for BMI, sum of skinfolds, all or some individual skinfolds and circumferences (except biceps circumference), and for BF%. Most significant differences in means between the extreme tertiles were shown for HL, SP, PP, FU, SLC and FP, while none were observed for EAR. Similar results were obtained when adjusting for age and gender. Conclusion: European adolescents experiencing higher levels of stress had higher BMI, skinfold thicknesses, circumferences and BF%, indicative for a more adipose body composition
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
conference
publication status
published
subject
in
Obesity Facts
Obes. Facts
editor
Johannes Hebebrand
volume
2
issue
Suppl 2
pages
2 pages
publisher
Karger
conference name
17th European Congress on Obesity
conference location
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
conference start
2009-05-06
conference end
2009-05-09
JCR category
NUTRITION & DIETETICS
JCR impact factor
2.114 (2009)
JCR rank
29/66 (2009)
JCR quartile
2 (2009)
ISSN
1662-4025
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
C3
id
782711
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-782711
date created
2009-11-17 11:38:03
date last changed
2009-12-11 10:23:10
@inproceedings{782711,
  abstract     = {Introduction: The present study investigated the association between the experience of stress and body composition among European adolescents.
Methods: Results are based on observations in the HELENA study. Participants were 1141 adolescents (43.0\% male, 12.5-17.5 years) from six European centres (Ghent, Zaragoza, Athens, Stockholm, Vienna, Pecs). Respondents completed the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire, containing
10 subscales that represent different dimensions of stress: home life (HL), school performance (SP), school attendance (SA), romantic relationships (RR), peer pressure (PP), teacher interaction (TI), future uncertainty (FU), school-leisure conflict (SLC), financial pressure (FP) and emerging adult responsibility (EAR). The population was divided in
tertiles according to the total score (TS) and subscales. Height, weight, skinfold thicknesses (biceps, triceps, subscapular, suprailiac, thigh, calf) and circumferences (arm, biceps, waist, hip, thigh) were measured. Body
mass index (BMI), sum of skinfolds (SS) and body fat percentage (BF\%) were calculated.
Results: Adolescents in the highest tertile of TS and most subscales showed, compared to those in the lowest tertile, significantly higher means for BMI, sum of skinfolds, all or some individual skinfolds and circumferences (except biceps circumference), and for BF\%. Most significant differences in means between the extreme tertiles were shown for HL, SP, PP, FU, SLC and FP, while none were observed for EAR.
Similar results were obtained when adjusting for age and gender.
Conclusion: European adolescents experiencing higher levels of stress had higher BMI, skinfold thicknesses, circumferences and BF\%, indicative for a more adipose body composition},
  author       = {De Vriendt, Tineke and Clays, Els and Moln{\'a}r, D{\'e}nes and Papadantonaki, Elpida and Vicente-Rodriguez , German and Moreno, Luis A and Dietrich, Sabine and Bergman, Patrick and Sj{\"o}strom, Michael and De Henauw, Stefaan},
  booktitle    = {Obesity Facts},
  editor       = {Hebebrand, Johannes},
  issn         = {1662-4025},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Amsterdam, The Netherlands},
  number       = {Suppl 2},
  pages        = {115--116},
  publisher    = {Karger},
  title        = {Association between chronic stress and body composition in European adolescents},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2009},
}

Chicago
De Vriendt, Tineke, Els Clays, Dénes Molnár, Elpida Papadantonaki, German Vicente-Rodriguez , Luis A Moreno, Sabine Dietrich, Patrick Bergman, Michael Sjöstrom, and Stefaan De Henauw. 2009. “Association Between Chronic Stress and Body Composition in European Adolescents.” In Obesity Facts, ed. Johannes Hebebrand, 2:115–116. Karger.
APA
De Vriendt, T., Clays, E., Molnár, D., Papadantonaki, E., Vicente-Rodriguez , G., Moreno, L. A., Dietrich, S., et al. (2009). Association between chronic stress and body composition in European adolescents. In J. Hebebrand (Ed.), Obesity Facts (Vol. 2, pp. 115–116). Presented at the 17th European Congress on Obesity, Karger.
Vancouver
1.
De Vriendt T, Clays E, Molnár D, Papadantonaki E, Vicente-Rodriguez G, Moreno LA, et al. Association between chronic stress and body composition in European adolescents. In: Hebebrand J, editor. Obesity Facts. Karger; 2009. p. 115–6.
MLA
De Vriendt, Tineke, Els Clays, Dénes Molnár, et al. “Association Between Chronic Stress and Body Composition in European Adolescents.” Obesity Facts. Ed. Johannes Hebebrand. Vol. 2. Karger, 2009. 115–116. Print.