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A textile antenna for off-body communication integrated into protective clothing for firefighters

Carla Hertleer (UGent) , Hendrik Rogier (UGent) , Luigi Vallozzi (UGent) and Lieva Van Langenhove (UGent)
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Abstract
The introduction of intelligent textile systems to increase the wearer's level of protection has exposed the necessity of wearable communication tools and has led to research in textile antennas. However, most textile fabrics are quite thin (0.5 mm), making it challenging for antenna designers to provide an antenna which operates adequately and resiliently in the 2.4-2.4835-GHz industrial-scientific-medical bandwidth. Flexible pad foam is commonly available in protective clothing and overcomes these constraints by providing a uniform, stable, and sufficient thickness. Moreover, its cellular structure and properties, such as flame retardance and water repellence, make it an excellent substrate material for the integration of antennas into protective garments. In this paper, we describe the design, manufacture, and performance of the first textile planar antenna to be implemented on flexible protective foam, suitable for firefighter garments. We employed shock absorbing foam with a thickness of 3.94 mm and achieved a nearly circularly polarized antenna with a bandwidth of more than 180 MHz even when the antenna was compressed or bent. These outstanding substrate and antenna characteristics result in an antenna that is highly appropriate for garment integration.
Keywords
wearable textile system, GHZ, wireless off-body communication, Textile antenna

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Hertleer, Carla et al. “A Textile Antenna for Off-body Communication Integrated into Protective Clothing for Firefighters.” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION 57.4 (2009): 919–925. Print.
APA
Hertleer, C., Rogier, H., Vallozzi, L., & Van Langenhove, L. (2009). A textile antenna for off-body communication integrated into protective clothing for firefighters. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, 57(4), 919–925.
Chicago author-date
Hertleer, Carla, Hendrik Rogier, Luigi Vallozzi, and Lieva Van Langenhove. 2009. “A Textile Antenna for Off-body Communication Integrated into Protective Clothing for Firefighters.” Ieee Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 57 (4): 919–925.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Hertleer, Carla, Hendrik Rogier, Luigi Vallozzi, and Lieva Van Langenhove. 2009. “A Textile Antenna for Off-body Communication Integrated into Protective Clothing for Firefighters.” Ieee Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 57 (4): 919–925.
Vancouver
1.
Hertleer C, Rogier H, Vallozzi L, Van Langenhove L. A textile antenna for off-body communication integrated into protective clothing for firefighters. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION. 2009;57(4):919–25.
IEEE
[1]
C. Hertleer, H. Rogier, L. Vallozzi, and L. Van Langenhove, “A textile antenna for off-body communication integrated into protective clothing for firefighters,” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 919–925, 2009.
@article{781134,
  abstract     = {The introduction of intelligent textile systems to increase the wearer's level of protection has exposed the necessity of wearable communication tools and has led to research in textile antennas. However, most textile fabrics are quite thin (0.5 mm), making it challenging for antenna designers to provide an antenna which operates adequately and resiliently in the 2.4-2.4835-GHz industrial-scientific-medical bandwidth. Flexible pad foam is commonly available in protective clothing and overcomes these constraints by providing a uniform, stable, and sufficient thickness. Moreover, its cellular structure and properties, such as flame retardance and water repellence, make it an excellent substrate material for the integration of antennas into protective garments. In this paper, we describe the design, manufacture, and performance of the first textile planar antenna to be implemented on flexible protective foam, suitable for firefighter garments. We employed shock absorbing foam with a thickness of 3.94 mm and achieved a nearly circularly polarized antenna with a bandwidth of more than 180 MHz even when the antenna was compressed or bent. These outstanding substrate and antenna characteristics result in an antenna that is highly appropriate for garment integration.},
  author       = {Hertleer, Carla and Rogier, Hendrik and Vallozzi, Luigi and Van Langenhove, Lieva},
  issn         = {0018-926X},
  journal      = {IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION},
  keywords     = {wearable textile system,GHZ,wireless off-body communication,Textile antenna},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {919--925},
  title        = {A textile antenna for off-body communication integrated into protective clothing for firefighters},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TAP.2009.2014574},
  volume       = {57},
  year         = {2009},
}

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