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Low-field magnetic resonance imaging findings of the caudal portion of the cervical region in clinically normal Doberman Pinschers and Foxhounds

Steven De Decker UGent, Ingrid Gielen UGent, Luc Duchateau UGent, Iris Van Soens UGent, Valérie Bavegems UGent, Tim Bosmans UGent, Henri van Bree UGent and Luc Van Ham UGent (2010) AMERICAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH. 71(4). p.428-434
abstract
Objective-To determine the spectrum and frequency of abnormalities for low-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations of clinically normal Doberman Pinschers and Foxhounds. Animals-37 clinically normal dogs (20 Doberman Pinschers and 17 Foxhounds). Procedures-For each dog, MRI of the cervical vertebrae (sagittal, dorsal, and transverse T1- and T2-weighted images) was performed. Variables assessed were intervertebral disk degeneration, disk-associated compression, compression of the dorsal portion of the spinal cord, vertebral body abnormalities, and changes in intraparenchymal signal intensity. Associations between these variables and age, breed, sex, and location of the assessed intervertebral disk spaces were evaluated. Results-Severe MRI abnormalities were detected in 17 dogs, including complete disk degeneration (n = 4 dogs), spinal cord compression (3), or both (10). Vertebral body abnormalities were detected in 8 dogs, and hyperintense signal intensity was detected in 2 dogs. Severity of disk degeneration and disk-associated compression was significantly associated with increased age. There was a significant association between disk degeneration, disk-associated compression, and compression of the dorsal aspect of the spinal cord and location of the assessed intervertebral disk space, with the intervertebral disk spaces in the caudal portion of the cervical region being more severely affected. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Abnormalities were commonly seen on MRI examinations of the caudal portion of the cervical vertebral column and spinal cord of clinically normal Doberman Pinchers and Foxhounds. Such lesions were probably part of the typical spinal cord degeneration associated with the aging process of dogs. (Am J Vet Res 2010;71:428-434)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
alternative title
Low field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of the caudal cervical region in clinically normal Doberman Pinschers and Foxhounds
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
MYELOGRAPHY, SPONDYLOMYELOPATHY, DOGS, SPINE, CORD COMPRESSION, ASYMPTOMATIC SUBJECTS, INTERVERTEBRAL DISC, DISEASE, MYELOPATHY, FEATURES
journal title
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH
Am. J. Vet. Res.
volume
71
issue
4
pages
428 - 434
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000276052400006
JCR category
VETERINARY SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
1.413 (2010)
JCR rank
35/145 (2010)
JCR quartile
1 (2010)
ISSN
0002-9645
DOI
10.2460/ajvr.71.4.428
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
763301
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-763301
date created
2009-10-15 13:16:20
date last changed
2011-06-15 11:35:41
@article{763301,
  abstract     = {Objective-To determine the spectrum and frequency of abnormalities for low-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations of clinically normal Doberman Pinschers and Foxhounds.
Animals-37 clinically normal dogs (20 Doberman Pinschers and 17 Foxhounds).
Procedures-For each dog, MRI of the cervical vertebrae (sagittal, dorsal, and transverse T1- and T2-weighted images) was performed. Variables assessed were intervertebral disk degeneration, disk-associated compression, compression of the dorsal portion of the spinal cord, vertebral body abnormalities, and changes in intraparenchymal signal intensity. Associations between these variables and age, breed, sex, and location of the assessed intervertebral disk spaces were evaluated.
Results-Severe MRI abnormalities were detected in 17 dogs, including complete disk degeneration (n = 4 dogs), spinal cord compression (3), or both (10). Vertebral body abnormalities were detected in 8 dogs, and hyperintense signal intensity was detected in 2 dogs. Severity of disk degeneration and disk-associated compression was significantly associated with increased age. There was a significant association between disk degeneration, disk-associated compression, and compression of the dorsal aspect of the spinal cord and location of the assessed intervertebral disk space, with the intervertebral disk spaces in the caudal portion of the cervical region being more severely affected.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Abnormalities were commonly seen on MRI examinations of the caudal portion of the cervical vertebral column and spinal cord of clinically normal Doberman Pinchers and Foxhounds. Such lesions were probably part of the typical spinal cord degeneration associated with the aging process of dogs. (Am J Vet Res 2010;71:428-434)},
  author       = {De Decker, Steven and Gielen, Ingrid and Duchateau, Luc and Van Soens, Iris and Bavegems, Val{\'e}rie and Bosmans, Tim and van Bree, Henri and Van Ham, Luc},
  issn         = {0002-9645},
  journal      = {AMERICAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {MYELOGRAPHY,SPONDYLOMYELOPATHY,DOGS,SPINE,CORD COMPRESSION,ASYMPTOMATIC SUBJECTS,INTERVERTEBRAL DISC,DISEASE,MYELOPATHY,FEATURES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {428--434},
  title        = {Low-field magnetic resonance imaging findings of the caudal portion of the cervical region in clinically normal Doberman Pinschers and Foxhounds},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2460/ajvr.71.4.428},
  volume       = {71},
  year         = {2010},
}

Chicago
De Decker, Steven, Ingrid Gielen, Luc Duchateau, Iris Van Soens, Valérie Bavegems, Tim Bosmans, Henri van Bree, and Luc Van Ham. 2010. “Low-field Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings of the Caudal Portion of the Cervical Region in Clinically Normal Doberman Pinschers and Foxhounds.” American Journal of Veterinary Research 71 (4): 428–434.
APA
De Decker, S., Gielen, I., Duchateau, L., Van Soens, I., Bavegems, V., Bosmans, T., van Bree, H., et al. (2010). Low-field magnetic resonance imaging findings of the caudal portion of the cervical region in clinically normal Doberman Pinschers and Foxhounds. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH, 71(4), 428–434.
Vancouver
1.
De Decker S, Gielen I, Duchateau L, Van Soens I, Bavegems V, Bosmans T, et al. Low-field magnetic resonance imaging findings of the caudal portion of the cervical region in clinically normal Doberman Pinschers and Foxhounds. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH. 2010;71(4):428–34.
MLA
De Decker, Steven, Ingrid Gielen, Luc Duchateau, et al. “Low-field Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings of the Caudal Portion of the Cervical Region in Clinically Normal Doberman Pinschers and Foxhounds.” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH 71.4 (2010): 428–434. Print.