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Using placeholder slices and MPEG-21 BSDL for ROI extraction in H.264/AVC FMO-encoded bitstreams

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Abstract
The concept of Regions of Interest (ROIs) within a video sequence is useful for many application scenarios. This paper concentrates on the exploitation of ROI coding within the H.264/AVC specification by making use of Flexible Macroblock Ordering. It shows how ROIs can be coded in an H.264/AVC compliant bitstream and how the MPEG-21 BSDL framework can be used for the extraction of the ROIs. The first type of ROI extraction that is described, is simply dropping the slices that are not part of one of the ROIs. The second type is the replacement of these slices with so-called placeholder slices, the latter being implemented as P slices containing only macroblocks that are marked as 'skipped'. The exploitation of ROI scalability, as achieved by the presented methodology, illustrates the possibilities that are offered by the single-layered H.264/AVC specification for content adaptation. The results show that the bit rate needed to transmit the adapted bitstreams can be reduced significantly. Especially in the case of a static camera and a fixed background, this bit rate reduction has very little impact on the visual quality. Another advantage of the adaptation process is the fact that the execution speed of the receiving decoder fairly increases.
Keywords
STANDARD, video coding, placeholder slices, ROI, MPEG-21 BSDL, FMO, H.264/AVC, SCALABILITY, Content adaptation

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Chicago
Lambert, Peter, Wesley De Neve, Davy De Schrijver, Yves Dhondt, and Rik Van de Walle. 2008. “Using Placeholder Slices and MPEG-21 BSDL for ROI Extraction in H.264/AVC FMO-encoded Bitstreams.” In Communications in Computer and Information Science, ed. Joaquim Filipe and Mohammad S Obaidat, 9:173–185. Berlin, Germany: Springer.
APA
Lambert, Peter, De Neve, W., De Schrijver, D., Dhondt, Y., & Van de Walle, R. (2008). Using placeholder slices and MPEG-21 BSDL for ROI extraction in H.264/AVC FMO-encoded bitstreams. In Joaquim Filipe & M. S. Obaidat (Eds.), COMMUNICATIONS IN COMPUTER AND INFORMATION SCIENCE (Vol. 9, pp. 173–185). Presented at the 3rd International Conference on E-Business and Telecommunication Networks, Berlin, Germany: Springer.
Vancouver
1.
Lambert P, De Neve W, De Schrijver D, Dhondt Y, Van de Walle R. Using placeholder slices and MPEG-21 BSDL for ROI extraction in H.264/AVC FMO-encoded bitstreams. In: Filipe J, Obaidat MS, editors. COMMUNICATIONS IN COMPUTER AND INFORMATION SCIENCE. Berlin, Germany: Springer; 2008. p. 173–85.
MLA
Lambert, Peter, Wesley De Neve, Davy De Schrijver, et al. “Using Placeholder Slices and MPEG-21 BSDL for ROI Extraction in H.264/AVC FMO-encoded Bitstreams.” Communications in Computer and Information Science. Ed. Joaquim Filipe & Mohammad S Obaidat. Vol. 9. Berlin, Germany: Springer, 2008. 173–185. Print.
@inproceedings{750981,
  abstract     = {The concept of Regions of Interest (ROIs) within a video sequence is useful for many application scenarios. This paper concentrates on the exploitation of ROI coding within the H.264/AVC specification by making use of Flexible Macroblock Ordering. It shows how ROIs can be coded in an H.264/AVC compliant bitstream and how the MPEG-21 BSDL framework can be used for the extraction of the ROIs.
The first type of ROI extraction that is described, is simply dropping the slices that are not part of one of the ROIs. The second type is the replacement of these slices with so-called placeholder slices, the latter being implemented as P slices containing only macroblocks that are marked as 'skipped'. The exploitation of ROI scalability, as achieved by the presented methodology, illustrates the possibilities that are offered by the single-layered H.264/AVC specification for content adaptation.
The results show that the bit rate needed to transmit the adapted bitstreams can be reduced significantly. Especially in the case of a static camera and a fixed background, this bit rate reduction has very little impact on the visual quality. Another advantage of the adaptation process is the fact that the execution speed of the receiving decoder fairly increases.},
  author       = {Lambert, Peter and De Neve, Wesley and De Schrijver, Davy and Dhondt, Yves and Van de Walle, Rik},
  booktitle    = {COMMUNICATIONS IN COMPUTER AND INFORMATION SCIENCE},
  editor       = {Filipe, Joaquim and Obaidat, Mohammad S},
  isbn         = {9783540707592},
  issn         = {1865-0929},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Setubal, Portugal},
  pages        = {173--185},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  title        = {Using placeholder slices and MPEG-21 BSDL for ROI extraction in H.264/AVC FMO-encoded bitstreams},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-70760-8\_14},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2008},
}

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