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School Ethnic Composition and Students' Integration Outside and Inside Schools in Belgium

Mieke Van Houtte UGent and Peter Stevens UGent (2009) Sociology of Education. 82(3). p.217-239
abstract
To advance social integration, policy makers strive for the educational desegregation of immigrant students in Flemish schools. Given the lack of empirical research supporting this policy, this article examines the association between the ethnic composition of schools and native and immigrant students' interethnic friendships, social participation, and sense of belonging in school. Blau's structural theory offers the theoretical rationale for these associations and the coherence of the three indicators. Multilevel analyses of data from a 2004-05 survey of 11,872 students, 1,324 of whom were immigrant students, in a sample of 85 Flemish secondary schools demonstrate that school ethnic composition is associated with interethnic friendships and social participation for native students, but not for immigrant students, whereas socioeconomic status is decisive for immigrant students' interethnic friendships. Neither immigrants' nor natives' sense of belonging in school is associated with ethnic composition. Hence, while the findings do not provide support for either school segregation or desegregation policies aimed at improving the social integration of immigrant students, mixing schools appears to have a positive influence on the social integration of Flemish youths. The consequences of these findings for future research and social policy are discussed in the conclusions.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
RACIAL COMPOSITION, SEGREGATION, INTERRACIAL FRIENDLINESS, EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES, SOCIAL-STRUCTURE, RACE, SENSE, ATTACHMENT, ADOLESCENTS, PARTICIPATION
journal title
Sociology of Education
Sociol. Educ.
volume
82
issue
3
pages
217 - 239
publisher
AMER SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOC
place of publication
1307 NEW YORK AVE NW #700, WASHINGTON, DC 20005-4712 USA
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000269035800002
JCR category
EDUCATION & EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH
JCR impact factor
1.438 (2009)
JCR rank
22/139 (2009)
JCR quartile
1 (2009)
ISSN
0038-0407
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
735301
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-735301
date created
2009-08-28 09:27:40
date last changed
2009-10-09 08:31:23
@article{735301,
  abstract     = {To advance social integration, policy makers strive for the educational desegregation of immigrant students in Flemish schools. Given the lack of empirical research supporting this policy, this article examines the association between the ethnic composition of schools and native and immigrant students' interethnic friendships, social participation, and sense of belonging in school. Blau's structural theory offers the theoretical rationale for these associations and the coherence of the three indicators. Multilevel analyses of data from a 2004-05 survey of 11,872 students, 1,324 of whom were immigrant students, in a sample of 85 Flemish secondary schools demonstrate that school ethnic composition is associated with interethnic friendships and social participation for native students, but not for immigrant students, whereas socioeconomic status is decisive for immigrant students' interethnic friendships. Neither immigrants' nor natives' sense of belonging in school is associated with ethnic composition. Hence, while the findings do not provide support for either school segregation or desegregation policies aimed at improving the social integration of immigrant students, mixing schools appears to have a positive influence on the social integration of Flemish youths. The consequences of these findings for future research and social policy are discussed in the conclusions.},
  author       = {Van Houtte, Mieke and Stevens, Peter},
  issn         = {0038-0407},
  journal      = {Sociology of Education},
  keyword      = {RACIAL COMPOSITION,SEGREGATION,INTERRACIAL FRIENDLINESS,EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES,SOCIAL-STRUCTURE,RACE,SENSE,ATTACHMENT,ADOLESCENTS,PARTICIPATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {217--239},
  publisher    = {AMER SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOC},
  title        = {School Ethnic Composition and Students' Integration Outside and Inside Schools in Belgium},
  volume       = {82},
  year         = {2009},
}

Chicago
Van Houtte, Mieke, and Peter Stevens. 2009. “School Ethnic Composition and Students’ Integration Outside and Inside Schools in Belgium.” Sociology of Education 82 (3): 217–239.
APA
Van Houtte, M., & Stevens, P. (2009). School Ethnic Composition and Students’ Integration Outside and Inside Schools in Belgium. Sociology of Education, 82(3), 217–239.
Vancouver
1.
Van Houtte M, Stevens P. School Ethnic Composition and Students’ Integration Outside and Inside Schools in Belgium. Sociology of Education. 1307 NEW YORK AVE NW #700, WASHINGTON, DC 20005-4712 USA: AMER SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOC; 2009;82(3):217–39.
MLA
Van Houtte, Mieke, and Peter Stevens. “School Ethnic Composition and Students’ Integration Outside and Inside Schools in Belgium.” Sociology of Education 82.3 (2009): 217–239. Print.