Advanced search
Add to list

MR-Based attenuation correction for PET using an Ultrashort Echo Time (UTE) sequence

Vincent Keereman (UGent) , Stefaan Vandenberghe (UGent) , Yves De Deene (UGent) , Robert Luypaert (UGent) , Tom Broux and Ignace Lemahieu (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
One of the limitations of a multimodality PET/MR scanner is the lack of an attenuation map to correct the PET image for attenuation. Some methods have been developed for deriving the attenuation map from a magnetic resonance image. However, the very low signal intensity of cortical bone in images acquired with conventional MR sequences makes it difficult to distinguish this tissue type from air, while they have strongly different attenuation coefficients. The necessity of detecting cortical bone is investigated by reconstructing simulated data with different attenuation maps. It is shown that the asignment of a soft tissue attenuation coefficient to voxels containing bone causes SUV quantitation errors of up to 20%. When the attenuation coefficient of bone is used a lesion in the spine is even rendered invisible. The feasibility of visualizing cortical bone with an ultrashort echo time (UTE) sequence and of segmenting MR images acquired with such a sequence into bone, soft tissue and air is investigated. The T-2 and proton density (relative to the same volume of water) of this tissue type is derived from relaxometry experiments on 5 samples of cortical bone. Both results (T-2 = 1.51ms, PD = 29% of the same volume of water) indicate that the visualization of cortical bone with MRI is possible if the signal can be acquired very quickly after the excitation pulse. The head of a pig is used as a phantom for imaging, because the tissue composition resembles very well that of the human head. The MR UTE images are segmented by a simple thresholding technique into bone, soft tissue and air. The resulting segmentation is compared to the segmented CT of the phantom. For all tissue classes 85 % of pixels are assigned to the correct pixel class. Most errors are found between bone and soft tissue, and to a lesser extent between bone and air. The effect of the segmentation errors on the resulting attenuation-corrected PET image still has to be evaluated.
Keywords
PET/MRI, TISSUES, GUIDED ATTENUATION, SCANNER, DESIGN, ATLAS

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Keereman, Vincent et al. “MR-Based Attenuation Correction for PET Using an Ultrashort Echo Time (UTE) Sequence.” Ieee Nuclear Science Symposium - Conference Record. New York, NY, USA: IEEE, 2009. 3929–3934. Print.
APA
Keereman, V., Vandenberghe, S., De Deene, Y., Luypaert, R., Broux, T., & Lemahieu, I. (2009). MR-Based attenuation correction for PET using an Ultrashort Echo Time (UTE) sequence. IEEE NUCLEAR SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM - CONFERENCE RECORD (pp. 3929–3934). Presented at the IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium/Medical Imaging Conference, New York, NY, USA: IEEE.
Chicago author-date
Keereman, Vincent, Stefaan Vandenberghe, Yves De Deene, Robert Luypaert, Tom Broux, and Ignace Lemahieu. 2009. “MR-Based Attenuation Correction for PET Using an Ultrashort Echo Time (UTE) Sequence.” In Ieee Nuclear Science Symposium - Conference Record, 3929–3934. New York, NY, USA: IEEE.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Keereman, Vincent, Stefaan Vandenberghe, Yves De Deene, Robert Luypaert, Tom Broux, and Ignace Lemahieu. 2009. “MR-Based Attenuation Correction for PET Using an Ultrashort Echo Time (UTE) Sequence.” In Ieee Nuclear Science Symposium - Conference Record, 3929–3934. New York, NY, USA: IEEE.
Vancouver
1.
Keereman V, Vandenberghe S, De Deene Y, Luypaert R, Broux T, Lemahieu I. MR-Based attenuation correction for PET using an Ultrashort Echo Time (UTE) sequence. IEEE NUCLEAR SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM - CONFERENCE RECORD. New York, NY, USA: IEEE; 2009. p. 3929–34.
IEEE
[1]
V. Keereman, S. Vandenberghe, Y. De Deene, R. Luypaert, T. Broux, and I. Lemahieu, “MR-Based attenuation correction for PET using an Ultrashort Echo Time (UTE) sequence,” in IEEE NUCLEAR SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM - CONFERENCE RECORD, Dresden, Germany, 2009, pp. 3929–3934.
@inproceedings{732566,
  abstract     = {One of the limitations of a multimodality PET/MR scanner is the lack of an attenuation map to correct the PET image for attenuation. Some methods have been developed for deriving the attenuation map from a magnetic resonance image. However, the very low signal intensity of cortical bone in images acquired with conventional MR sequences makes it difficult to distinguish this tissue type from air, while they have strongly different attenuation coefficients.
The necessity of detecting cortical bone is investigated by reconstructing simulated data with different attenuation maps. It is shown that the asignment of a soft tissue attenuation coefficient to voxels containing bone causes SUV quantitation errors of up to 20%. When the attenuation coefficient of bone is used a lesion in the spine is even rendered invisible.
The feasibility of visualizing cortical bone with an ultrashort echo time (UTE) sequence and of segmenting MR images acquired with such a sequence into bone, soft tissue and air is investigated. The T-2 and proton density (relative to the same volume of water) of this tissue type is derived from relaxometry experiments on 5 samples of cortical bone. Both results (T-2 = 1.51ms, PD = 29% of the same volume of water) indicate that the visualization of cortical bone with MRI is possible if the signal can be acquired very quickly after the excitation pulse.
The head of a pig is used as a phantom for imaging, because the tissue composition resembles very well that of the human head. The MR UTE images are segmented by a simple thresholding technique into bone, soft tissue and air. The resulting segmentation is compared to the segmented CT of the phantom. For all tissue classes 85 % of pixels are assigned to the correct pixel class. Most errors are found between bone and soft tissue, and to a lesser extent between bone and air. The effect of the segmentation errors on the resulting attenuation-corrected PET image still has to be evaluated.},
  author       = {Keereman, Vincent and Vandenberghe, Stefaan and De Deene, Yves and Luypaert, Robert and Broux, Tom and Lemahieu, Ignace},
  booktitle    = {IEEE NUCLEAR SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM - CONFERENCE RECORD},
  isbn         = {978-1-4244-2715-4},
  issn         = {1082-3654},
  keywords     = {PET/MRI,TISSUES,GUIDED ATTENUATION,SCANNER,DESIGN,ATLAS},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Dresden, Germany},
  pages        = {3929--3934},
  publisher    = {IEEE},
  title        = {MR-Based attenuation correction for PET using an Ultrashort Echo Time (UTE) sequence},
  year         = {2009},
}

Web of Science
Times cited: