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Associations between food and beverage consumption and different types of sedentary behaviours in European preschoolers : the ToyBox‑study

(2017) EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 56(5). p.1939-1951
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Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between food and beverage consumption and time spent in different sedentary behaviours such as watching TV and DVDs, playing computer/video games and quiet play/activities in preschoolers. METHODS: A sample of 6431 (51.8 % males) European preschoolers aged 3.5-5.5 years from six survey centres was included in the data analyses. Data on dietary habits and sedentary behaviours [watching TV, playing computer and quiet play (both during weekdays and weekend days)] were collected via standardized proxy-administered questionnaires. One-way analysis of covariance and general linear model (adjusted for sex, maternal education, body mass index and centre) were conducted. RESULTS: The results of the generalized linear model showed that the more strong associations in both males and females who were watching TV for > 1 h/day during weekdays were positively associated with increased consumption of fizzy drinks (β = 0.136 for males and β = 0.156 for females), fresh and packed juices (β = 0.069, β = 0.089), sweetened milk (β = 0.119, β = 0.078), cakes and biscuits (β = 0.116, β = 0.145), chocolate (β = 0.052, β = 0.090), sugar-based desserts and pastries (β = 0.234, β = 0.250), salty snacks (β = 0.067, β = 0.056), meat/poultry/processed meat (β = 0.067, β = 0.090) and potatoes (β = 0.071, β = 0.067), and negative associations were observed for the consumption of fruits (β = -0.057, β = -0.099), vegetables (β = -0.056, β = -0.082) and fish (β = -0.013, β = -0.013). During weekend days, results were comparable. CONCLUSIONS: In European preschoolers, sedentary behaviours were associated with consumption of energy-dense foods and fizzy drinks. The present findings will contribute to improve the strategies to prevent overweight, obesity and nutrition-related chronic diseases from early childhood.
Keywords
Food intake, Sedentary behaviour, Screen time, FAMILY-INVOLVED INTERVENTION, BALANCE-RELATED BEHAVIORS, SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN, PREVENT OBESITY, CANADIAN CHILDREN, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, EARLY-CHILDHOOD, ADOLESCENTS, TELEVISION, PATTERNS

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Chicago
Miguel‑Berges, María L, Alba M Santaliestra‑Pasias, Theodora Mouratidou, Odysseas Androutsos, Marieke De Craemer, An-Sofie Pinket, Julia Birnbaum, et al. 2017. “Associations Between Food and Beverage Consumption and Different Types of Sedentary Behaviours in European Preschoolers : the ToyBox‑study.” European Journal of Nutrition 56 (5): 1939–1951.
APA
Miguel‑Berges, M. L., Santaliestra‑Pasias, A. M., Mouratidou, T., Androutsos, O., De Craemer, M., Pinket, A.-S., Birnbaum, J., et al. (2017). Associations between food and beverage consumption and different types of sedentary behaviours in European preschoolers : the ToyBox‑study. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 56(5), 1939–1951.
Vancouver
1.
Miguel‑Berges ML, Santaliestra‑Pasias AM, Mouratidou T, Androutsos O, De Craemer M, Pinket A-S, et al. Associations between food and beverage consumption and different types of sedentary behaviours in European preschoolers : the ToyBox‑study. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 2017;56(5):1939–51.
MLA
Miguel‑Berges, María L, Alba M Santaliestra‑Pasias, Theodora Mouratidou, et al. “Associations Between Food and Beverage Consumption and Different Types of Sedentary Behaviours in European Preschoolers : the ToyBox‑study.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION 56.5 (2017): 1939–1951. Print.
@article{7278311,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between food and beverage consumption and time spent in different sedentary behaviours such as watching TV and DVDs, playing computer/video games and quiet play/activities in preschoolers.
METHODS: A sample of 6431 (51.8 \% males) European preschoolers aged 3.5-5.5 years from six survey centres was included in the data analyses. Data on dietary habits and sedentary behaviours [watching TV, playing computer and quiet play (both during weekdays and weekend days)] were collected via standardized proxy-administered questionnaires. One-way analysis of covariance and general linear model (adjusted for sex, maternal education, body mass index and centre) were conducted.
RESULTS: The results of the generalized linear model showed that the more strong associations in both males and females who were watching TV for {\textrangle} 1 h/day during weekdays were positively associated with increased consumption of fizzy drinks (\ensuremath{\beta} = 0.136 for males and \ensuremath{\beta} = 0.156 for females), fresh and packed juices (\ensuremath{\beta} = 0.069, \ensuremath{\beta} = 0.089), sweetened milk (\ensuremath{\beta} = 0.119, \ensuremath{\beta} = 0.078), cakes and biscuits (\ensuremath{\beta} = 0.116, \ensuremath{\beta} = 0.145), chocolate (\ensuremath{\beta} = 0.052, \ensuremath{\beta} = 0.090), sugar-based desserts and pastries (\ensuremath{\beta} = 0.234, \ensuremath{\beta} = 0.250), salty snacks (\ensuremath{\beta} = 0.067, \ensuremath{\beta} = 0.056), meat/poultry/processed meat (\ensuremath{\beta} = 0.067, \ensuremath{\beta} = 0.090) and potatoes (\ensuremath{\beta} = 0.071, \ensuremath{\beta} = 0.067), and negative associations were observed for the consumption of fruits (\ensuremath{\beta} = -0.057, \ensuremath{\beta} = -0.099), vegetables (\ensuremath{\beta} = -0.056, \ensuremath{\beta} = -0.082) and fish (\ensuremath{\beta} = -0.013, \ensuremath{\beta} = -0.013). During weekend days, results were comparable.
CONCLUSIONS: In European preschoolers, sedentary behaviours were associated with consumption of energy-dense foods and fizzy drinks. The present findings will contribute to improve the strategies to prevent overweight, obesity and nutrition-related chronic diseases from early childhood.},
  author       = {Miguel\unmatched{2011}Berges, Mar{\'i}a L and Santaliestra\unmatched{2011}Pasias, Alba M and Mouratidou, Theodora and Androutsos, Odysseas and De Craemer, Marieke and Pinket, An-Sofie and Birnbaum, Julia and Koletzko, Berthold and Iotova, Violeta and Usheva, Natalia and Kulaga, Zbigniew and Gozdz, Magdalena and Manios, Yannis and Moreno, Luis A},
  issn         = {1436-6207},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION},
  keyword      = {Food intake,Sedentary behaviour,Screen time,FAMILY-INVOLVED INTERVENTION,BALANCE-RELATED BEHAVIORS,SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN,PREVENT OBESITY,CANADIAN CHILDREN,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,EARLY-CHILDHOOD,ADOLESCENTS,TELEVISION,PATTERNS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {1939--1951},
  title        = {Associations between food and beverage consumption and different types of sedentary behaviours in European preschoolers : the ToyBox\unmatched{2011}study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-016-1236-7},
  volume       = {56},
  year         = {2017},
}

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