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Logic in the tradition of Prabhacandra

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Abstract
The characterization of truth-preserving arguments is a core issue in India and received the detailed attention of philosophers. This chapter presents Prabhācandra’s theory of inference from the eleventh century, stressing its uniqueness and detailed critique of Dignāga and Dharmakīrti. In Prabhācandra’s framework, the inferential evidence has not three but just one characteristic, “being impossible otherwise.” The epistemological problem of the means to know when evidence has this characteristic is solved without regress by appeal to a non-inferential source of knowing, the “discernment of universals” (tarka). Finally, important advances in the role of negation in logical inference are related to a greater emphasis on linguistic form.
Keywords
tarka, inference, Akalaṅka, Prabhācandra, Dignāga, Nyāya-sūtra, justification of deduction, Dharmakīrti, problem of induction, logic

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Gorisse, Marie-Hélène. 2014. “Logic in the Tradition of Prabhacandra.” In Oxford Handbook of Indian Philosophy, ed. Jonardon Ganeri, 1–24. Oxford Publication.
APA
Gorisse, Marie-Hélène. (2014). Logic in the tradition of Prabhacandra. In J. Ganeri (Ed.), Oxford handbook of Indian philosophy (pp. 1–24). Oxford Publication.
Vancouver
1.
Gorisse M-H. Logic in the tradition of Prabhacandra. In: Ganeri J, editor. Oxford handbook of Indian philosophy. Oxford Publication; 2014. p. 1–24.
MLA
Gorisse, Marie-Hélène. “Logic in the Tradition of Prabhacandra.” Oxford Handbook of Indian Philosophy. Ed. Jonardon Ganeri. Oxford Publication, 2014. 1–24. Print.
@incollection{7262100,
  abstract     = {The characterization of truth-preserving arguments is a core issue in India and received the detailed attention of philosophers. This chapter presents Prabh\={a}candra{\textquoteright}s theory of inference from the eleventh century, stressing its uniqueness and detailed critique of Dign\={a}ga and Dharmak\={\i}rti. In Prabh\={a}candra{\textquoteright}s framework, the inferential evidence has not three but just one characteristic, {\textquotedblleft}being impossible otherwise.{\textquotedblright} The epistemological problem of the means to know when evidence has this characteristic is solved without regress by appeal to a non-inferential source of knowing, the {\textquotedblleft}discernment of universals{\textquotedblright} (tarka). Finally, important advances in the role of negation in logical inference are related to a greater emphasis on linguistic form.},
  author       = {Gorisse, Marie-H{\'e}l{\`e}ne},
  booktitle    = {Oxford handbook of Indian philosophy},
  editor       = {Ganeri, Jonardon},
  isbn         = {9780199314621},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {1--24},
  publisher    = {Oxford Publication},
  title        = {Logic in the tradition of Prabhacandra},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199314621.001.0001},
  year         = {2014},
}

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