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The role of parental achievement goals in predicting autonomy-supportive and controlling parenting

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Abstract
Although autonomy-supportive and controlling parenting are linked to numerous positive and negative child outcomes respectively, fewer studies have focused on their determinants. Drawing on achievement goal theory and self-determination theory, we propose that parental achievement goals (i.e., achievement goals that parents have for their children) can be mastery, performance-approach or performance-avoidance oriented and that types of goals predict mothers' tendency to adopt autonomy-supportive and controlling behaviors. A total of 67 mothers (aged 30-53 years) reported their goals for their adolescent (aged 13-16 years; 19.4 % girls), while their adolescent evaluated their mothers' behaviors. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that parental performance-approach goals predict more controlling parenting and prevent acknowledgement of feelings, one autonomy-supportive behavior. In addition, mothers who have mastery goals and who endorse performance-avoidance goals are less likely to use guilt-inducing criticisms. These findings were observed while controlling for the effect of maternal anxiety.
Keywords
INTRINSIC MOTIVATION, ADOLESCENT ADJUSTMENT, SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY, DETERMINATION THEORY PERSPECTIVE, PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTROL, MALADAPTIVE PERFECTIONISM, Performance, DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS, CHILD INTERACTION, SOCIALIZATION, Mastery, Autonomy support, Controlling parenting, BEHAVIOR, Achievement goals

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Chicago
Mageau, Genevieve A, Julien S Bureau, Francis Ranger, Marie-Pier Allen, and Bart Soenens. 2016. “The Role of Parental Achievement Goals in Predicting Autonomy-supportive and Controlling Parenting.” Journal of Child and Family Studies 25 (5): 1702–1711.
APA
Mageau, G. A., Bureau, J. S., Ranger, F., Allen, M.-P., & Soenens, B. (2016). The role of parental achievement goals in predicting autonomy-supportive and controlling parenting. JOURNAL OF CHILD AND FAMILY STUDIES, 25(5), 1702–1711.
Vancouver
1.
Mageau GA, Bureau JS, Ranger F, Allen M-P, Soenens B. The role of parental achievement goals in predicting autonomy-supportive and controlling parenting. JOURNAL OF CHILD AND FAMILY STUDIES. 2016;25(5):1702–11.
MLA
Mageau, Genevieve A, Julien S Bureau, Francis Ranger, et al. “The Role of Parental Achievement Goals in Predicting Autonomy-supportive and Controlling Parenting.” JOURNAL OF CHILD AND FAMILY STUDIES 25.5 (2016): 1702–1711. Print.
@article{7261292,
  abstract     = {Although autonomy-supportive and controlling parenting are linked to numerous positive and negative child outcomes respectively, fewer studies have focused on their determinants. Drawing on achievement goal theory and self-determination theory, we propose that parental achievement goals (i.e., achievement goals that parents have for their children) can be mastery, performance-approach or performance-avoidance oriented and that types of goals predict mothers' tendency to adopt autonomy-supportive and controlling behaviors. A total of 67 mothers (aged 30-53 years) reported their goals for their adolescent (aged 13-16 years; 19.4 \% girls), while their adolescent evaluated their mothers' behaviors. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that parental performance-approach goals predict more controlling parenting and prevent acknowledgement of feelings, one autonomy-supportive behavior. In addition, mothers who have mastery goals and who endorse performance-avoidance goals are less likely to use guilt-inducing criticisms. These findings were observed while controlling for the effect of maternal anxiety.},
  author       = {Mageau, Genevieve A and Bureau, Julien S and Ranger, Francis and Allen, Marie-Pier and Soenens, Bart},
  issn         = {1062-1024},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF CHILD AND FAMILY STUDIES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {1702--1711},
  title        = {The role of parental achievement goals in predicting autonomy-supportive and controlling parenting},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10826-015-0341-1},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2016},
}

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