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Effects of spreading out termite mound material on ferralsol fertility, Katanga, D.R. Congo

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Abstract
Around Lubumbashi, the introduction of large-scale pivot-irrigated agriculture entails leveling of large termite mounds during field preparation. The effect on soil fertility and crop yield (Solanum tuberosum and Alium cepa) is evaluated along 11 transects extending from a former termite mound location to reference soil that received no termite mound material. Spreading mound material was found to increase the pH, calcium carbonates CaCO3 content, and the amount of resin-extractable phosphorus (P), other possible effects being undone by fertilizer application. On the other hand, poor physical properties of the mound material seem to have adverse effects on crop production. While the benefits of spreading out mound material seem limited for large-scale farmers with access to fertilizers, the use of mound material may present an opportunity to resource-poor farmers throughout the miombo eco-region, provided that the application of mound materials is optimized and that any adverse effect on soil physical properties can be mitigated.
Keywords
soil amendment, soil nutrients, Crop performance, macrotermes, LUBUMBASHI AREA, SOUTHERN AFRICA, SOIL AMENDMENT, D.R. CONGO, MACROTERMES, PHOSPHORUS

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Chicago
Adhikary, Nipa, Hans Erens, Loes Weemaels, Elke Deweer, Florias Mees, Basile B Mujinya, Geert Baert, Pascal Boeckx, and Eric Van Ranst. 2016. “Effects of Spreading Out Termite Mound Material on Ferralsol Fertility, Katanga, D.R. Congo.” Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 47 (9): 1089–1100.
APA
Adhikary, N., Erens, H., Weemaels, L., Deweer, E., Mees, F., Mujinya, B. B., Baert, G., et al. (2016). Effects of spreading out termite mound material on ferralsol fertility, Katanga, D.R. Congo. COMMUNICATIONS IN SOIL SCIENCE AND PLANT ANALYSIS, 47(9), 1089–1100.
Vancouver
1.
Adhikary N, Erens H, Weemaels L, Deweer E, Mees F, Mujinya BB, et al. Effects of spreading out termite mound material on ferralsol fertility, Katanga, D.R. Congo. COMMUNICATIONS IN SOIL SCIENCE AND PLANT ANALYSIS. 2016;47(9):1089–100.
MLA
Adhikary, Nipa, Hans Erens, Loes Weemaels, et al. “Effects of Spreading Out Termite Mound Material on Ferralsol Fertility, Katanga, D.R. Congo.” COMMUNICATIONS IN SOIL SCIENCE AND PLANT ANALYSIS 47.9 (2016): 1089–1100. Print.
@article{7260571,
  abstract     = {Around Lubumbashi, the introduction of large-scale pivot-irrigated agriculture entails leveling of large termite mounds during field preparation. The effect on soil fertility and crop yield (Solanum tuberosum and Alium cepa) is evaluated along 11 transects extending from a former termite mound location to reference soil that received no termite mound material. Spreading mound material was found to increase the pH, calcium carbonates CaCO3 content, and the amount of resin-extractable phosphorus (P), other possible effects being undone by fertilizer application. On the other hand, poor physical properties of the mound material seem to have adverse effects on crop production. While the benefits of spreading out mound material seem limited for large-scale farmers with access to fertilizers, the use of mound material may present an opportunity to resource-poor farmers throughout the miombo eco-region, provided that the application of mound materials is optimized and that any adverse effect on soil physical properties can be mitigated.},
  author       = {Adhikary, Nipa and Erens, Hans and Weemaels, Loes and Deweer, Elke and Mees, Florias and Mujinya, Basile B and Baert, Geert and Boeckx, Pascal and Van Ranst, Eric},
  issn         = {0010-3624},
  journal      = {COMMUNICATIONS IN SOIL SCIENCE AND PLANT ANALYSIS},
  keyword      = {soil amendment,soil nutrients,Crop performance,macrotermes,LUBUMBASHI AREA,SOUTHERN AFRICA,SOIL AMENDMENT,D.R. CONGO,MACROTERMES,PHOSPHORUS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {1089--1100},
  title        = {Effects of spreading out termite mound material on ferralsol fertility, Katanga, D.R. Congo},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2016.1166237},
  volume       = {47},
  year         = {2016},
}

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