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Are individual differences in arithmetic fact retrieval in children related to inhibition?

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The integrative neuroscience of behavioral control (Neuroscience)
Abstract
Although it has been proposed that inhibition is related to individual differences in mathematical achievement, it is not clear how it is related to specific aspects of mathematical skills, such as arithmetic fact retrieval. The present study therefore investigated the association between inhibition and arithmetic fact retrieval and further examined the unique role of inhibition in individual differences in arithmetic fact retrieval, in addition to numerical magnitude processing. We administered measures of cognitive inhibition (i.e., numerical and non-numerical stroop tasks) and a complementary, more ecologically valid measure of children’s inhibition in the classroom (i.e., teacher questionnaire), as well as numerical magnitude processing (i.e., symbolic and non- symbolic numerical magnitude comparison) and arithmetic fact retrieval (i.e., two verification tasks) in 86 typically developing third graders. We used a correlation, a regression and a Bayesian analysis. This study failed to observe a significant association between inhibition and arithmetic fact retrieval. Consequently, our results did not reveal a unique contribution of inhibition to arithmetic fact retrieval in addition to numerical magnitude processing. On the other hand, symbolic numerical magnitude processing turned out to be a very powerful predictor of arithmetic fact retrieval, as indicated by both frequentist and Bayesian approaches.
Keywords
individual differences, HYPERSENSITIVITY-TO-INTERFERENCE, mathematical competencies, arithmetic fact retrieval, inhibition, third grade, numerical magnitude processing, BEHAVIOR RATING INVENTORY, EXECUTIVE FUNCTION, WORKING-MEMORY, ACADEMIC-ACHIEVEMENT, MATHEMATICS ABILITY, LEARNING-DISABILITY, PRESCHOOL-CHILDREN, EFFORTFUL CONTROL, DEFICITS

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Bellen, Elien, Wim Fias, and Bert De Smedt. 2016. “Are Individual Differences in Arithmetic Fact Retrieval in Children Related to Inhibition?” Frontiers in Psychology 7.
APA
Bellen, E., Fias, W., & De Smedt, B. (2016). Are individual differences in arithmetic fact retrieval in children related to inhibition? FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 7.
Vancouver
1.
Bellen E, Fias W, De Smedt B. Are individual differences in arithmetic fact retrieval in children related to inhibition? FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY. 2016;7.
MLA
Bellen, Elien, Wim Fias, and Bert De Smedt. “Are Individual Differences in Arithmetic Fact Retrieval in Children Related to Inhibition?” FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 7 (2016): n. pag. Print.
@article{7258233,
  abstract     = {Although it has been proposed that inhibition is related to individual differences in mathematical achievement, it is not clear how it is related to specific aspects of mathematical skills, such as arithmetic fact retrieval. The present study therefore investigated the association between inhibition and arithmetic fact retrieval and further examined the unique role of inhibition in individual differences in arithmetic fact retrieval, in addition to numerical magnitude processing. We administered measures of cognitive inhibition (i.e., numerical and non-numerical stroop tasks) and a complementary, more ecologically valid measure of children{\textquoteright}s inhibition in the classroom (i.e., teacher questionnaire), as well as numerical magnitude processing (i.e., symbolic and non- symbolic numerical magnitude comparison) and arithmetic fact retrieval (i.e., two verification tasks) in 86 typically developing third graders. We used a correlation, a regression and a Bayesian analysis. This study failed to observe a significant association between inhibition and arithmetic fact retrieval. Consequently, our results did not reveal a unique contribution of inhibition to arithmetic fact retrieval in addition to numerical magnitude processing. On the other hand, symbolic numerical magnitude processing turned out to be a very powerful predictor of arithmetic fact retrieval, as indicated by both frequentist and Bayesian approaches.},
  articleno    = {825},
  author       = {Bellen, Elien and Fias, Wim and De Smedt, Bert },
  issn         = {1664-1078},
  journal      = {FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY},
  keyword      = {individual differences,HYPERSENSITIVITY-TO-INTERFERENCE,mathematical competencies,arithmetic fact retrieval,inhibition,third grade,numerical magnitude processing,BEHAVIOR RATING INVENTORY,EXECUTIVE FUNCTION,WORKING-MEMORY,ACADEMIC-ACHIEVEMENT,MATHEMATICS ABILITY,LEARNING-DISABILITY,PRESCHOOL-CHILDREN,EFFORTFUL CONTROL,DEFICITS},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {Are individual differences in arithmetic fact retrieval in children related to inhibition?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00825},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2016},
}

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