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Are individual differences in arithmetic fact retrieval in children related to inhibition?

Elien Bellen, Wim Fias UGent and Bert De Smedt (2016) FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY. 7.
abstract
Although it has been proposed that inhibition is related to individual differences in mathematical achievement, it is not clear how it is related to specific aspects of mathematical skills, such as arithmetic fact retrieval. The present study therefore investigated the association between inhibition and arithmetic fact retrieval and further examined the unique role of inhibition in individual differences in arithmetic fact retrieval, in addition to numerical magnitude processing. We administered measures of cognitive inhibition (i.e., numerical and non-numerical stroop tasks) and a complementary, more ecologically valid measure of children’s inhibition in the classroom (i.e., teacher questionnaire), as well as numerical magnitude processing (i.e., symbolic and non- symbolic numerical magnitude comparison) and arithmetic fact retrieval (i.e., two verification tasks) in 86 typically developing third graders. We used a correlation, a regression and a Bayesian analysis. This study failed to observe a significant association between inhibition and arithmetic fact retrieval. Consequently, our results did not reveal a unique contribution of inhibition to arithmetic fact retrieval in addition to numerical magnitude processing. On the other hand, symbolic numerical magnitude processing turned out to be a very powerful predictor of arithmetic fact retrieval, as indicated by both frequentist and Bayesian approaches.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
individual differences, HYPERSENSITIVITY-TO-INTERFERENCE, mathematical competencies, arithmetic fact retrieval, inhibition, third grade, numerical magnitude processing, BEHAVIOR RATING INVENTORY, EXECUTIVE FUNCTION, WORKING-MEMORY, ACADEMIC-ACHIEVEMENT, MATHEMATICS ABILITY, LEARNING-DISABILITY, PRESCHOOL-CHILDREN, EFFORTFUL CONTROL, DEFICITS
journal title
FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
volume
7
article number
825
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000377661900001
JCR category
PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY
JCR impact factor
2.323 (2016)
JCR rank
33/128 (2016)
JCR quartile
2 (2016)
ISSN
1664-1078
DOI
10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00825
project
The integrative neuroscience of behavioral control (Neuroscience)
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have retained and own the full copyright for this publication
id
7258233
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-7258233
date created
2016-06-17 10:36:45
date last changed
2016-12-21 15:42:49
@article{7258233,
  abstract     = {Although it has been proposed that inhibition is related to individual differences in mathematical achievement, it is not clear how it is related to specific aspects of mathematical skills, such as arithmetic fact retrieval. The present study therefore investigated the association between inhibition and arithmetic fact retrieval and further examined the unique role of inhibition in individual differences in arithmetic fact retrieval, in addition to numerical magnitude processing. We administered measures of cognitive inhibition (i.e., numerical and non-numerical stroop tasks) and a complementary, more ecologically valid measure of children{\textquoteright}s inhibition in the classroom (i.e., teacher questionnaire), as well as numerical magnitude processing (i.e., symbolic and non- symbolic numerical magnitude comparison) and arithmetic fact retrieval (i.e., two verification tasks) in 86 typically developing third graders. We used a correlation, a regression and a Bayesian analysis. This study failed to observe a significant association between inhibition and arithmetic fact retrieval. Consequently, our results did not reveal a unique contribution of inhibition to arithmetic fact retrieval in addition to numerical magnitude processing. On the other hand, symbolic numerical magnitude processing turned out to be a very powerful predictor of arithmetic fact retrieval, as indicated by both frequentist and Bayesian approaches.},
  articleno    = {825},
  author       = {Bellen, Elien and Fias, Wim and De Smedt, Bert },
  issn         = {1664-1078},
  journal      = {FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY},
  keyword      = {individual differences,HYPERSENSITIVITY-TO-INTERFERENCE,mathematical competencies,arithmetic fact retrieval,inhibition,third grade,numerical magnitude processing,BEHAVIOR RATING INVENTORY,EXECUTIVE FUNCTION,WORKING-MEMORY,ACADEMIC-ACHIEVEMENT,MATHEMATICS ABILITY,LEARNING-DISABILITY,PRESCHOOL-CHILDREN,EFFORTFUL CONTROL,DEFICITS},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {Are individual differences in arithmetic fact retrieval in children related to inhibition?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00825},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2016},
}

Chicago
Bellen, Elien, Wim Fias, and Bert De Smedt. 2016. “Are Individual Differences in Arithmetic Fact Retrieval in Children Related to Inhibition?” Frontiers in Psychology 7.
APA
Bellen, E., Fias, W., & De Smedt, B. (2016). Are individual differences in arithmetic fact retrieval in children related to inhibition? FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 7.
Vancouver
1.
Bellen E, Fias W, De Smedt B. Are individual differences in arithmetic fact retrieval in children related to inhibition? FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY. 2016;7.
MLA
Bellen, Elien, Wim Fias, and Bert De Smedt. “Are Individual Differences in Arithmetic Fact Retrieval in Children Related to Inhibition?” FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 7 (2016): n. pag. Print.