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The impact of word prevalence on lexical decision times: evidence from the Dutch Lexicon Project 2

Marc Brysbaert UGent, Michaël Stevens, Pawel Mandera and Emmanuel Keuleers (2016) JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE. 42(3). p.441-458
abstract
Keuleers, Stevens, Mandera, and Brysbaert (2015) presented a new variable, word prevalence, defined as word knowledge in the population. Some words are known to more people than other. This is particularly true for low-frequency words (e.g., screenshot vs. scourage). In the present study, we examined the impact of the measure by collecting lexical decision times for 30,000 Dutch word lemmas of various lengths (the Dutch Lexicon Project 2). Word prevalence had the second highest correlation with lexical decision times (after word frequency): Words known by everyone in the population were responded to 100 ms faster than words known to only half of the population, even after controlling for word frequency, word length, age of acquisition, similarity to other words, and concreteness. Because word prevalence has rather low correlations with the existing measures (including word frequency), the unique variance it contributes to lexical decision times is higher than that of the other variables. We consider the reasons why word prevalence has an impact on word processing times and we argue that it is likely to be the most important new variable protecting researchers against experimenter bias in selecting stimulus materials.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
READING-ALOUD, ENGLISH WORDS, BIG DATA, ORTHOGRAPHIC SIMILARITY, RECOGNIZED FASTER, FREQUENCY NORMS, TELL US, ACQUISITION, AGE, LANGUAGE, word recognition, lexical decision, word prevalence, megastudies
journal title
JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE
volume
42
issue
3
pages
441 - 458
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000372552100013
JCR category
PSYCHOLOGY, EXPERIMENTAL
JCR impact factor
2.287 (2016)
JCR rank
32/84 (2016)
JCR quartile
2 (2016)
ISSN
0096-1523
DOI
10.1037/xhp0000159
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
7257656
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-7257656
date created
2016-06-17 09:30:26
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:42:13
@article{7257656,
  abstract     = {Keuleers, Stevens, Mandera, and Brysbaert (2015) presented a new variable, word prevalence, defined as word knowledge in the population. Some words are known to more people than other. This is particularly true for low-frequency words (e.g., screenshot vs. scourage). In the present study, we examined the impact of the measure by collecting lexical decision times for 30,000 Dutch word lemmas of various lengths (the Dutch Lexicon Project 2). Word prevalence had the second highest correlation with lexical decision times (after word frequency): Words known by everyone in the population were responded to 100 ms faster than words known to only half of the population, even after controlling for word frequency, word length, age of acquisition, similarity to other words, and concreteness. Because word prevalence has rather low correlations with the existing measures (including word frequency), the unique variance it contributes to lexical decision times is higher than that of the other variables. We consider the reasons why word prevalence has an impact on word processing times and we argue that it is likely to be the most important new variable protecting researchers against experimenter bias in selecting stimulus materials.},
  author       = {Brysbaert, Marc and Stevens, Micha{\"e}l and Mandera, Pawel and Keuleers, Emmanuel},
  issn         = {0096-1523},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE},
  keyword      = {READING-ALOUD,ENGLISH WORDS,BIG DATA,ORTHOGRAPHIC SIMILARITY,RECOGNIZED FASTER,FREQUENCY NORMS,TELL US,ACQUISITION,AGE,LANGUAGE,word recognition,lexical decision,word prevalence,megastudies},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {441--458},
  title        = {The impact of word prevalence on lexical decision times: evidence from the Dutch Lexicon Project 2},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/xhp0000159},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {2016},
}

Chicago
Brysbaert, Marc, Michaël Stevens, Pawel Mandera, and Emmanuel Keuleers. 2016. “The Impact of Word Prevalence on Lexical Decision Times: Evidence from the Dutch Lexicon Project 2.” Journal of Experimental Psychology-human Perception and Performance 42 (3): 441–458.
APA
Brysbaert, M., Stevens, M., Mandera, P., & Keuleers, E. (2016). The impact of word prevalence on lexical decision times: evidence from the Dutch Lexicon Project 2. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE, 42(3), 441–458.
Vancouver
1.
Brysbaert M, Stevens M, Mandera P, Keuleers E. The impact of word prevalence on lexical decision times: evidence from the Dutch Lexicon Project 2. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE. 2016;42(3):441–58.
MLA
Brysbaert, Marc, Michaël Stevens, Pawel Mandera, et al. “The Impact of Word Prevalence on Lexical Decision Times: Evidence from the Dutch Lexicon Project 2.” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE 42.3 (2016): 441–458. Print.