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MRI Study of the Morphometry of the Cervical Musculature in F-16 Pilots

Veerle De Loose UGent, Marieke Van den Oord, Ilke Keser, Frederic Burnotte, Damien Van Tiggelen UGent, Alexandre Dumarey, Barbara Cagnie UGent, Erik Witvrouw UGent and Lieven Danneels UGent (2009) AVIATION SPACE AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE. 80(8). p.727-731
abstract
Introduction: In fighter pilots neck muscle strengthening exercises are often recommended to protect the neck against pathologies. The aim of the Current study was to compare the relative cross-sectional area (rCSA) and muscle:fat ratio of the cervical musculature of F-16 pilots experiencing neck pain and no neck pain (control) pilots. In addition, correlations between these morphometric characteristics, cervical range of motion (CROM), and neck Muscle strength were evaluated. Methods: There were 35 male F-16 pilots who volunteered, of which 10 experienced bilateral neck pain. A standardized questionnaire was used to collect personal information. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was assessed at the C5-C6 level to determine rCSA and muscle:fat ratio. The CROM (Zebris) and the maximum isometric strength (David F140 device) were measured. Results: The rCSA of the semispinalis cervicis and multifidus was significantly larger in the neck pain group (left: 2.08 cm(2); right: 1.81 cm(2)) on both the left and the right side, in comparison to the control population (left: 1.29 cm(2); right: 1.26 cm(2)). In the pain group, the rCSA of the semispinalis cervicis and multifidus was significant larger on the left than on the right side (left: 2.08 cm(2); right: 1.81 cm(2)). No differences in the muscle:fat ratio between control pilots and pilots with neck pain could be determined. Between groups no differences were found in the CROM and the neck muscle strength. Discussion: It is hypothesized that the larger rCSA in the neck pain group compared to the control group might be caused by greater activity of the deep neck muscles in the neck pain group. The asymmetrical operation of the F-16 Might Cause the asymmetry within this group.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
journal title
AVIATION SPACE AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE
Aviat. Space Environ. Med.
volume
80
issue
8
pages
727 - 731
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000268538900008
JCR category
MEDICINE, GENERAL & INTERNAL
JCR impact factor
0.993 (2009)
JCR rank
76/132 (2009)
JCR quartile
3 (2009)
ISSN
0095-6562
DOI
10.3357/ASEM.2389.2009
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
id
724942
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-724942
date created
2009-08-11 11:34:59
date last changed
2010-08-12 13:50:01
@article{724942,
  abstract     = {Introduction: In fighter pilots neck muscle strengthening exercises are often recommended to protect the neck against pathologies. The aim of the Current study was to compare the relative cross-sectional area (rCSA) and muscle:fat ratio of the cervical musculature of F-16 pilots experiencing neck pain and no neck pain (control) pilots. In addition, correlations between these morphometric characteristics, cervical range of motion (CROM), and neck Muscle strength were evaluated. Methods: There were 35 male F-16 pilots who volunteered, of which 10 experienced bilateral neck pain. A standardized questionnaire was used to collect personal information. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was assessed at the C5-C6 level to determine rCSA and muscle:fat ratio. The CROM (Zebris) and the maximum isometric strength (David F140 device) were measured. Results: The rCSA of the semispinalis cervicis and multifidus was significantly larger in the neck pain group (left: 2.08 cm(2); right: 1.81 cm(2)) on both the left and the right side, in comparison to the control population (left: 1.29 cm(2); right: 1.26 cm(2)). In the pain group, the rCSA of the semispinalis cervicis and multifidus was significant larger on the left than on the right side (left: 2.08 cm(2); right: 1.81 cm(2)). No differences in the muscle:fat ratio between control pilots and pilots with neck pain could be determined. Between groups no differences were found in the CROM and the neck muscle strength. Discussion: It is hypothesized that the larger rCSA in the neck pain group compared to the control group might be caused by greater activity of the deep neck muscles in the neck pain group. The asymmetrical operation of the F-16 Might Cause the asymmetry within this group.},
  author       = {De Loose, Veerle and Van den Oord, Marieke and Keser, Ilke and Burnotte, Frederic and Van Tiggelen, Damien and Dumarey, Alexandre and Cagnie, Barbara and Witvrouw, Erik and Danneels, Lieven},
  issn         = {0095-6562},
  journal      = {AVIATION SPACE AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {727--731},
  title        = {MRI Study of the Morphometry of the Cervical Musculature in F-16 Pilots},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/ASEM.2389.2009},
  volume       = {80},
  year         = {2009},
}

Chicago
De Loose, Veerle, Marieke Van den Oord, Ilke Keser, Frederic Burnotte, Damien Van Tiggelen, Alexandre Dumarey, Barbara Cagnie, Erik Witvrouw, and Lieven Danneels. 2009. “MRI Study of the Morphometry of the Cervical Musculature in F-16 Pilots.” Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine 80 (8): 727–731.
APA
De Loose, V., Van den Oord, M., Keser, I., Burnotte, F., Van Tiggelen, D., Dumarey, A., Cagnie, B., et al. (2009). MRI Study of the Morphometry of the Cervical Musculature in F-16 Pilots. AVIATION SPACE AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, 80(8), 727–731.
Vancouver
1.
De Loose V, Van den Oord M, Keser I, Burnotte F, Van Tiggelen D, Dumarey A, et al. MRI Study of the Morphometry of the Cervical Musculature in F-16 Pilots. AVIATION SPACE AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE. 2009;80(8):727–31.
MLA
De Loose, Veerle, Marieke Van den Oord, Ilke Keser, et al. “MRI Study of the Morphometry of the Cervical Musculature in F-16 Pilots.” AVIATION SPACE AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE 80.8 (2009): 727–731. Print.