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Bantu lexical reconstruction

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Project
KONGOKING (Political centralization, economic integration and language evolution in Central Africa: An interdisciplinary approach to the early history of the Kongo kingdom.)
Abstract
Lexical reconstruction has been an important enterprise in Bantu historical linguistics since the earliest days of the discipline. In this chapter a historical overview is provided of the principal scholarly contributions to that field of study. It is also explained how the Comparative Method has been and can be applied to reconstruct ancestral Bantu vocabulary via the intermediate step of phonological reconstruction and how the study of sound change needs to be completed with diachronic semantics in order to correctly reconstruct both the form and the meaning of etymons. Finally, some issues complicating this type of historical linguistic research, such as “osculance” due to prehistoric language contact, are addressed, as well as the relationship between reconstruction and classification.
Keywords
Bantu, lexical, diachronic semantics, reconstruction, osculance, Comparative Method, sound change, phonological, historical linguistics, African Linguistics

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Bostoen, Koen, and Yvonne Bastin. 2016. “Bantu Lexical Reconstruction.” In Oxford Handbooks Online, 1–31. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
APA
Bostoen, K., & Bastin, Y. (2016). Bantu lexical reconstruction. Oxford Handbooks Online (pp. 1–31). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Vancouver
1.
Bostoen K, Bastin Y. Bantu lexical reconstruction. Oxford Handbooks Online. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2016. p. 1–31.
MLA
Bostoen, Koen, and Yvonne Bastin. “Bantu Lexical Reconstruction.” Oxford Handbooks Online. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016. 1–31. Print.
@incollection{7245993,
  abstract     = {Lexical reconstruction has been an important enterprise in Bantu historical linguistics since the earliest days of the discipline. In this chapter a historical overview is provided of the principal scholarly contributions to that field of study. It is also explained how the Comparative Method has been and can be applied to reconstruct ancestral Bantu vocabulary via the intermediate step of phonological reconstruction and how the study of sound change needs to be completed with diachronic semantics in order to correctly reconstruct both the form and the meaning of etymons. Finally, some issues complicating this type of historical linguistic research, such as {\textquotedblleft}osculance{\textquotedblright} due to prehistoric language contact, are addressed, as well as the relationship between reconstruction and classification.},
  author       = {Bostoen, Koen and Bastin, Yvonne},
  booktitle    = {Oxford Handbooks Online},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {1--31},
  publisher    = {Oxford University Press},
  title        = {Bantu lexical reconstruction},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199935345.013.36},
  year         = {2016},
}

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