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The relationship between non-standard work arrangements and injuries in Europe

Hanan Alali (UGent) , Magd Abdel Wahab (UGent) , Tanja Van Hecke (UGent) , Lutgart Braeckman (UGent) , Heidi Janssens (UGent) and Bart De Clercq (UGent)
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Abstract
Abstract Background: Non-standard work arrangements are becoming an increasingly important determinant of health and safety among workers. The main objective of this study is to examine the relationship between indicators of non-standard work arrangements including precarious contract, long working hours, multiple jobs, shift work, and occupational injuries, using a representative European sample and taking into account several sociodemographic and work characteristics. Methods: The study was based on the data of the fifth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS). For the purpose of this analysis, the sample was restricted to 26839 respondents from the 27 countries of the European Union, who were all employed workers. Associations between non-standard work arrangements and occupational injuries were studied with multilevel modeling techniques while adjusting for several confounders. Results: About 8.44% of the workers suffered from an occupational injury. Multivariate regression model showed an increased injury risk for those working long hours (OR 1.29, 95% CI 1.15 - 1.44), having multiple jobs (OR 1.23, 95% CI 1.03 - 1.47) and shift work (OR 1.35, 95% CI 1.18 - 1.54). The relationship between contract type and occupational injuries was not significant (OR 0.91, 95% CI 0.78 - 1.07). No significant gender difference was observed. Conclusion: This study confirms that indicators of non-standard work arrangements, except for precarious contract type, were significantly associated with occupational injuries. To reduce the burden of occupational injuries, not only risk reduction strategies and interventions are needed but also policy efforts at European level should be undertaken to limit non-standard work arrangements.
Keywords
precarious contract, long hours, multiple jobs and shift work., Occupational injuries

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Chicago
Alali, Hanan, Magd Abdel Wahab, Tanja Van Hecke, Lutgart Braeckman, Heidi Janssens, and Bart De Clercq. 2016. “The Relationship Between Non-standard Work Arrangements and Injuries in Europe.” In Injuries in Europe, 1–1. UGENT: Knowledge for Growth (KfG), FlandersBio’s annual life sciences conference.
APA
Alali, H., Abdel Wahab, M., Van Hecke, T., Braeckman, L., Janssens, H., & De Clercq, B. (2016). The relationship between non-standard work arrangements and injuries in Europe. Injuries in Europe (pp. 1–1). Presented at the Knowledge for Growth (KfG), FlandersBio’s annual life sciences conference, UGENT: Knowledge for Growth (KfG), FlandersBio’s annual life sciences conference.
Vancouver
1.
Alali H, Abdel Wahab M, Van Hecke T, Braeckman L, Janssens H, De Clercq B. The relationship between non-standard work arrangements and injuries in Europe. Injuries in Europe. UGENT: Knowledge for Growth (KfG), FlandersBio’s annual life sciences conference; 2016. p. 1–1.
MLA
Alali, Hanan, Magd Abdel Wahab, Tanja Van Hecke, et al. “The Relationship Between Non-standard Work Arrangements and Injuries in Europe.” Injuries in Europe. UGENT: Knowledge for Growth (KfG), FlandersBio’s annual life sciences conference, 2016. 1–1. Print.
@inproceedings{7236046,
  abstract     = {Abstract
Background: Non-standard work arrangements are becoming an increasingly important determinant of health and safety among workers. The main objective of this study is to examine the relationship between indicators of non-standard work arrangements including precarious  contract, long working hours, multiple jobs, shift work, and occupational injuries, using a representative European sample and taking into account several sociodemographic and work characteristics. 
Methods: The study was based on the data of the fifth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS).  For the purpose of this analysis, the sample was restricted to 26839 respondents from the 27 countries of the European Union, who were all employed workers. Associations between non-standard work arrangements and occupational injuries were studied with multilevel modeling techniques while adjusting for several confounders.
 Results: About 8.44\% of the workers suffered from an occupational injury. Multivariate regression model showed an increased injury risk for those working long hours (OR 1.29, 95\% CI 1.15 - 1.44), having multiple jobs (OR 1.23, 95\% CI 1.03 - 1.47) and shift work (OR 1.35, 95\% CI 1.18 - 1.54). The relationship between contract type and occupational injuries was not significant (OR 0.91, 95\% CI 0.78 - 1.07). No significant gender difference was observed.  Conclusion:  This study confirms that indicators of non-standard work arrangements, except for precarious contract type, were significantly associated with occupational injuries. To reduce the burden of occupational injuries, not only risk reduction strategies and interventions are needed but also policy efforts at European level should be undertaken to limit non-standard work arrangements.},
  author       = {Alali, Hanan and Abdel Wahab, Magd and Van Hecke, Tanja and Braeckman, Lutgart and Janssens, Heidi and De Clercq, Bart},
  booktitle    = {Injuries in Europe},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {ICC Ghent, Van Rysselberghedreef 2 bus 1 -- Citadelpark},
  pages        = {1--1},
  publisher    = {Knowledge for Growth (KfG), FlandersBio{\textquoteright}s annual life sciences conference},
  title        = {The relationship between non-standard work arrangements and injuries in Europe},
  year         = {2016},
}