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Unimodal and cross-modal prediction is enhanced in musicians

Eliana Vassena UGent, Katty Kochman UGent, Julie Latomme UGent and Tom Verguts UGent (2016) SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. 6.
abstract
Musical training involves exposure to complex auditory and visual stimuli, memorization of elaborate sequences, and extensive motor rehearsal. It has been hypothesized that such multifaceted training may be associated with differences in basic cognitive functions, such as prediction, potentially translating to a facilitation in expert musicians. Moreover, such differences might generalize to non-auditory stimuli. This study was designed to test both hypotheses. We implemented a cross-modal attentional cueing task with auditory and visual stimuli, where a target was preceded by compatible or incompatible cues in mainly compatible (80% compatible, predictable) or random blocks (50% compatible, unpredictable). This allowed for the testing of prediction skills in musicians and controls. Musicians showed increased sensitivity to the statistical structure of the block, expressed as advantage for compatible trials (disadvantage for incompatible trials), but only in the mainly compatible (predictable) blocks. Controls did not show this pattern. The effect held within modalities (auditory, visual), across modalities, and when controlling for short-term memory capacity. These results reveal a striking enhancement in cross-modal prediction in musicians in a very basic cognitive task.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
BEHAVIOR, PERFORMANCE, BENEFIT, ERRORS, TASK, PERCEPTION, BRAIN PLASTICITY, OPERA HYPOTHESIS, MUSICAL EXPERTISE
journal title
SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
Sci Rep
volume
6
article number
25225
pages
7 pages
publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
place of publication
LONDON
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000375425500001
JCR category
MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
4.259 (2016)
JCR rank
10/64 (2016)
JCR quartile
1 (2016)
ISSN
2045-2322
DOI
10.1038/srep25225
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
7235073
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-7235073
date created
2016-05-27 09:00:07
date last changed
2017-01-02 09:55:06
@article{7235073,
  abstract     = {Musical training involves exposure to complex auditory and visual stimuli, memorization of elaborate sequences, and extensive motor rehearsal. It has been hypothesized that such multifaceted training may be associated with differences in basic cognitive functions, such as prediction, potentially translating to a facilitation in expert musicians. Moreover, such differences might generalize to non-auditory stimuli. This study was designed to test both hypotheses. We implemented a cross-modal attentional cueing task with auditory and visual stimuli, where a target was preceded by compatible or incompatible cues in mainly compatible (80\% compatible, predictable) or random blocks (50\% compatible, unpredictable). This allowed for the testing of prediction skills in musicians and controls. Musicians showed increased sensitivity to the statistical structure of the block, expressed as advantage for compatible trials (disadvantage for incompatible trials), but only in the mainly compatible (predictable) blocks. Controls did not show this pattern. The effect held within modalities (auditory, visual), across modalities, and when controlling for short-term memory capacity. These results reveal a striking enhancement in cross-modal prediction in musicians in a very basic cognitive task.},
  articleno    = {25225},
  author       = {Vassena, Eliana and Kochman, Katty and Latomme, Julie and Verguts, Tom},
  issn         = {2045-2322},
  journal      = {SCIENTIFIC REPORTS},
  keyword      = {BEHAVIOR,PERFORMANCE,BENEFIT,ERRORS,TASK,PERCEPTION,BRAIN PLASTICITY,OPERA HYPOTHESIS,MUSICAL EXPERTISE},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {7},
  publisher    = {NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP},
  title        = {Unimodal and cross-modal prediction is enhanced in musicians},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep25225},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {2016},
}

Chicago
Vassena, Eliana, Katty Kochman, Julie Latomme, and Tom Verguts. 2016. “Unimodal and Cross-modal Prediction Is Enhanced in Musicians.” Scientific Reports 6.
APA
Vassena, E., Kochman, K., Latomme, J., & Verguts, T. (2016). Unimodal and cross-modal prediction is enhanced in musicians. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 6.
Vancouver
1.
Vassena E, Kochman K, Latomme J, Verguts T. Unimodal and cross-modal prediction is enhanced in musicians. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. LONDON: NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP; 2016;6.
MLA
Vassena, Eliana, Katty Kochman, Julie Latomme, et al. “Unimodal and Cross-modal Prediction Is Enhanced in Musicians.” SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 6 (2016): n. pag. Print.