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KLHL12 promotes non-lysine ubiquitination of the dopamine receptors D-4.2 and D-4.4, but not of the ADHD-associated D-4.7 variant

(2015) PLOS ONE. 10(12).
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Abstract
Dopamine D-4 Receptor Polymorphism : The dopamine D-4 receptor has an important polymorphism in its third intracellular loop that is intensively studied and has been associated with several abnormal conditions, among others, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. KLHL12 Promotes Ubiquitination of the Dopamine D-4 Receptor on Non-Lysine Residues : In previous studies we have shown that KLHL12, a BTB-Kelch protein, specifically interacts with the polymorphic repeats of the dopamine D-4 receptor and enhances its ubiquitination, which, however, has no influence on receptor degradation. In this study we provide evidence that KLHL12 promotes ubiquitination of the dopamine D-4 receptor on non-lysine residues. By using lysine-deficient receptor mutants and chemical approaches we concluded that ubiquitination on cysteine, serine and/or threonine is possible. Differential Ubiquitination of the Dopamine D-4 Receptor Polymorphic Variants : Additionally, we show that the dopamine D-4.7 receptor variant, which is associated with a predisposition to develop attention deficient hyperactivity disorder, is differentially ubiquitinated compared to the other common receptor variants D-4.2 and D-4.4. Together, our study suggests that GPCR ubiquitination is a complex and variable process.
Keywords
DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER, N-TERMINAL UBIQUITINATION, MEDIATES UBIQUITINATION, ENDOPLASMIC-RETICULUM, DOWN-REGULATION, E3 LIGASE, PROTEIN, DEGRADATION, RESIDUES, SERINE

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Chicago
Skieterska, Kamila, Pieter Rondou, Béatrice Lintermans, and Kathleen Van Craenenbroeck. 2015. “KLHL12 Promotes Non-lysine Ubiquitination of the Dopamine Receptors D-4.2 and D-4.4, but Not of the ADHD-associated D-4.7 Variant.” Plos One 10 (12).
APA
Skieterska, K., Rondou, P., Lintermans, B., & Van Craenenbroeck, K. (2015). KLHL12 promotes non-lysine ubiquitination of the dopamine receptors D-4.2 and D-4.4, but not of the ADHD-associated D-4.7 variant. PLOS ONE, 10(12).
Vancouver
1.
Skieterska K, Rondou P, Lintermans B, Van Craenenbroeck K. KLHL12 promotes non-lysine ubiquitination of the dopamine receptors D-4.2 and D-4.4, but not of the ADHD-associated D-4.7 variant. PLOS ONE. 2015;10(12).
MLA
Skieterska, Kamila et al. “KLHL12 Promotes Non-lysine Ubiquitination of the Dopamine Receptors D-4.2 and D-4.4, but Not of the ADHD-associated D-4.7 Variant.” PLOS ONE 10.12 (2015): n. pag. Print.
@article{7215206,
  abstract     = {Dopamine D-4 Receptor Polymorphism : The dopamine D-4 receptor has an important polymorphism in its third intracellular loop that is intensively studied and has been associated with several abnormal conditions, among others, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. 
KLHL12 Promotes Ubiquitination of the Dopamine D-4 Receptor on Non-Lysine Residues : In previous studies we have shown that KLHL12, a BTB-Kelch protein, specifically interacts with the polymorphic repeats of the dopamine D-4 receptor and enhances its ubiquitination, which, however, has no influence on receptor degradation. In this study we provide evidence that KLHL12 promotes ubiquitination of the dopamine D-4 receptor on non-lysine residues. By using lysine-deficient receptor mutants and chemical approaches we concluded that ubiquitination on cysteine, serine and/or threonine is possible. 
Differential Ubiquitination of the Dopamine D-4 Receptor Polymorphic Variants : Additionally, we show that the dopamine D-4.7 receptor variant, which is associated with a predisposition to develop attention deficient hyperactivity disorder, is differentially ubiquitinated compared to the other common receptor variants D-4.2 and D-4.4. Together, our study suggests that GPCR ubiquitination is a complex and variable process.},
  articleno    = {e0145654},
  author       = {Skieterska, Kamila and Rondou, Pieter and Lintermans, Béatrice and Van Craenenbroeck, Kathleen},
  issn         = {1932-6203},
  journal      = {PLOS ONE},
  keywords     = {DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER,N-TERMINAL UBIQUITINATION,MEDIATES UBIQUITINATION,ENDOPLASMIC-RETICULUM,DOWN-REGULATION,E3 LIGASE,PROTEIN,DEGRADATION,RESIDUES,SERINE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {20},
  title        = {KLHL12 promotes non-lysine ubiquitination of the dopamine receptors D-4.2 and D-4.4, but not of the ADHD-associated D-4.7 variant},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0145654},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2015},
}

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