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Impact of sugar syrup and pollen diet on the bacterial diversity in the gut of indoor-reared bumblebees (Bombus terrestris)

Annelies Billiet (UGent) , Ivan Meeus (UGent) , Filip Van Nieuwerburgh (UGent) , Dieter Deforce (UGent) , Felix Wäckers and Guy Smagghe (UGent)
(2016) APIDOLOGIE. 47(4). p.548-560
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Abstract
In this project, we showed the influence of diet on the microbial composition in the gut of indoor-reared bumblebees (Bombus terrestris), using Illumina MiSeq 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) sequencing. Three sugar syrups and sterilized pollen from three suppliers were tested. Different effects were observed depending on the developmental stage of the gut microbiota at the start of the dietary treatment. Fructose-rich sugar syrup prevented the colonization of Bifidobacteriaceae in the microbiota of newly emerged bumblebees. This effect was correlated with a lower bacterial community richness and diversity. The pollen diet with the best parameters, regarding the protein content and bumblebee offspring, showed the lowest bacterial richness and diversity. The interaction between diet and the microbiota of bumblebees provides new insights for bumblebee breeders. Diet could be used to modulate the bacterial composition in the gut to improve the health of mass-produced bumblebees used for biological pollination.
Keywords
gut microbiota, Bombus terrestris, pollen, carbohydrate, rearing facilities, HONEY-BEE, DIGESTIVE-TRACT, SP NOV., MICROBIOTA, HYMENOPTERA, PREVALENCE, PROBIOTICS, PARASITES, GENOMICS, LARVAL

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Chicago
Billiet, Annelies, Ivan Meeus, Filip Van Nieuwerburgh, Dieter Deforce, Felix Wäckers, and Guy Smagghe. 2016. “Impact of Sugar Syrup and Pollen Diet on the Bacterial Diversity in the Gut of Indoor-reared Bumblebees (Bombus Terrestris).” Apidologie 47 (4): 548–560.
APA
Billiet, A., Meeus, I., Van Nieuwerburgh, F., Deforce, D., Wäckers, F., & Smagghe, G. (2016). Impact of sugar syrup and pollen diet on the bacterial diversity in the gut of indoor-reared bumblebees (Bombus terrestris). APIDOLOGIE, 47(4), 548–560.
Vancouver
1.
Billiet A, Meeus I, Van Nieuwerburgh F, Deforce D, Wäckers F, Smagghe G. Impact of sugar syrup and pollen diet on the bacterial diversity in the gut of indoor-reared bumblebees (Bombus terrestris). APIDOLOGIE. 2016;47(4):548–60.
MLA
Billiet, Annelies, Ivan Meeus, Filip Van Nieuwerburgh, et al. “Impact of Sugar Syrup and Pollen Diet on the Bacterial Diversity in the Gut of Indoor-reared Bumblebees (Bombus Terrestris).” APIDOLOGIE 47.4 (2016): 548–560. Print.
@article{7205322,
  abstract     = {In this project, we showed the influence of diet on the microbial composition in the gut of indoor-reared bumblebees (Bombus terrestris), using Illumina MiSeq 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) sequencing. Three sugar syrups and sterilized pollen from three suppliers were tested. Different effects were observed depending on the developmental stage of the gut microbiota at the start of the dietary treatment. Fructose-rich sugar syrup prevented the colonization of Bifidobacteriaceae in the microbiota of newly emerged bumblebees. This effect was correlated with a lower bacterial community richness and diversity. The pollen diet with the best parameters, regarding the protein content and bumblebee offspring, showed the lowest bacterial richness and diversity. The interaction between diet and the microbiota of bumblebees provides new insights for bumblebee breeders. Diet could be used to modulate the bacterial composition in the gut to improve the health of mass-produced bumblebees used for biological pollination.},
  author       = {Billiet, Annelies and Meeus, Ivan and Van Nieuwerburgh, Filip and Deforce, Dieter and W{\"a}ckers, Felix and Smagghe, Guy},
  issn         = {0044-8435},
  journal      = {APIDOLOGIE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {548--560},
  title        = {Impact of sugar syrup and pollen diet on the bacterial diversity in the gut of indoor-reared bumblebees (Bombus terrestris)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13592-015-0399-1},
  volume       = {47},
  year         = {2016},
}

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